Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35568
標題: 利用步態分析探討側背背包對軀幹運動之影響
The effect of stripe bag on the trunk movements during level walking
作者: 盧欣妤
Lu, Hsin-Yu
關鍵字: trunk movements
軀幹運動
scoliosis
gait
simulate
脊椎側彎
步態
模擬
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
引用: 1. 郭輝明(2000)。國小學童書包背重率與背法之調查研究。和春學報,7,268-275。 2. 吳子宏、李勝雄(1998)。國小學童姿勢健康的殺手—脊椎側彎。研習資訊,15 (5),25-34。 3. 黃詩帆(2006)。國小學童不同背重率行走之生物力學探討。碩士論文。國立臺北教育大學體育學系研究所,臺北市。 4. 紀偉民(2007)。不對稱步態之生物力學效應研究。博士論文。國立中興大學生物產業機電工程學系,台中市。 5. 許自宏(2007)。臀中肌無力症之生物力學效應模擬與分析。碩士論文。國立中興大學生物產業機電工程學系,台中市。 6. 宋宏偉(2003)。國小學童不同背重率之步態分析。碩士論文。國立屏東教育大學,屏東縣。 7. 陳佑(2007)。背重步行對學童身體姿勢的影響。碩士論文。國立臺中教育大學體育學系研究所,臺中市。 8. 林啟禎(1999)。何謂步態分析。上網日期2008年10月4日,取自http://140.116.60.95/~mark/index.htm 9. 教育部(2008)。教育界最新消息 : 書包減重 國中小將設置物櫃。上網日期2009年3月10日,取自專業文教網http://www.proedu.net.tw/modules/news/index.php?storytopic=0&start=90 10. 義肢輔具中心(2006)。什麼是脊椎側彎 What’s Scoliosis。上網日期2008年10月10號,取自http://www.pro-med.com.tw/product/ 11. Andriacchi TP, Galante JO. “Influence of Knee Replacement Design on Walking and Stair Climbing.” Journal of Joint and Bone Surgery. Vol. 64-A, pp 1328, 1982. 12. Frigo C, Carabola R, Dalla Mura M, Negrini M. "The upper body segmental movements during walking by young females." Clinical biomechanics, vol. 18, pp. 419-425, 2003. 13. Grimmer K, Gill T, and Williams M. “High School Students and Backpacks: A Cross Sectional Study.” Center for Physiotherapy Research, University of South Australia, 1999. 14. Grimmer K, Williams M. “Gender-age environmental associates of low back pain.” Applied Ergonomics, 31, 343-60, 2000. 15. Hong Y, Brueggemann GP. “Changes of gait pattern in 10 year old children carrying increasing loads on a treadmill.” Gait and Posture, 11, 254-59, 2000. 16. Hong Y, Li JX. “Movement kinematics of treadmill waling under load carriage in 6-year-old children – A preliminary report.” 19th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, San Francisco, CA, June 20-26, 2001. 17. Hong Y, Brueggemann GP. “Changes in gait patterns in 10-year-old boys with increasing loads when walking on a treadmill.” Gait & Posture. 11(3), 254-259, 2002. 18. Hong Y, Lau TC, Li JX. “Effects of Loads and Carrying Methods of School Bags on Movement Kinematics of Children during Stair Walking.” Research in Sports Medicine. 11:33-49, 2003. 19. Hong Y, Li JX. “Influence of load and carrying methods on gait phase and ground reactions in children’s stair walking.” Gait and Posture. 22:63-68, 2004. 20. Li JX, Hong Y, Robinson PD. “The effect of load carriage on movement kinematics and respiratory parameters in children during walking.” European Journalof of Applied Physiology. 90, 35-43, 2003. 21. Li JX, Hong Y. “Age difference in trunk kinematics during walking with different backpack weights in 6- to 12-year-old children.” Research in sports medicine. 12, 135-142, 2004. 22. Mark Charrette DC “Walking and Spinal Health” Dynamic Chiropractic. Vol. 22, Issue 16, 2004. 23. Murry MP, Drought AB, Kory RC. “Walking patterns of normal men.” J Bone Joint Surg., 46-A:335-359, 1964. 24. Pascoe DD, Pascoe DE, Wang YT, Shim D. “Influence of carrying book bags on gait cycle and posture of youths.” Ergonomics, 40, 631-41, 1997. 25. Perry J. “Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function.” Thorofare NJ: Slack, 1992. 26. Stanford CP, Francis P, and Chambers H. “Changes in Upper Body and Arm Kinematics While Carrying Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Backpack Loads.” Proceeding of 20th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 2002. 27. Winter DA. “The biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Gait.” Waterloo, Canada: University of Waterloo Press, 1987. 28. Legg S., Cruz C. “Influence of backpack straps on pulmonary function.” Retrieved March, 18, 2007, Cyberg, Web site: http://cyberg.wits.ac.za/cyberg/sessiondocs/physical/child/child4/child4.pdf e
摘要: The necessary of school life in Taiwan junior and senior high school is the bag with one stripe. The stripe bag would lead to increase the trunk inclination and load bearing on shoulder, it would probability cause spine deformity and scoliosis. We considered 11 age 20~23 years normal subjects (all males) and one 21 years old patient, they carried stripe bag on the right shoulder with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% body weight to simulate the trunk movements. There were 23 markers on trunk and 8 markers on lower extremity during the gait experiment. We used Euler angle and angles defined by Frigo et al. (2003) to analyze the changes of angles of each segment on the sagittal, frontal and horizontal plane, and to find the tendency of the trunk movements during gait and the effect of the stripe bag. The experiment results showed shoulder, pelvis and especially thoracic spine movements were limited by carrying stripe bag on the right shoulder, and the range of motion of trunk was increased for balance during gait. It also caused increase of trunk forward lean and trunk left inclination, and higher the right shoulder and lower the right side pelvis. And the conclusions of this study was that the weight of stripe bag should be lower than 5% body weight, and overload with stripe bag would cause spinal deformity, the humpback and thoracic scoliosis.
單背帶的側背書包已是國內國高中生每日上下課的必備物品。研究指出,與未背負重物及以雙肩後背背包相較,單肩側背重物將造成身體側偏傾斜的增加,提高肩膀的負載承受量,亦可能造成脊椎病變與脊椎側彎(Scoliosis)。 本研究以11位20~23歲的正常男性青年及1位21歲的特殊病例為本實驗的受試者,模擬單肩側背背包的軀幹運動,受試者以右肩側背身體重量之0%、5%、10%、15%的單背帶背包,共31顆反光球標記(軀幹23顆,下肢8顆)以進行步態實驗,利用尤拉角(Euler angle)與Frigo定義的角度來推導計算軀幹各肢段在三個人體解剖平面上的角度變化情形,觀察步態週期中軀幹的運動趨勢以及單肩側背背包影響人體軀幹運動的模式。 研究結果顯示,右肩側背重物限制肩與骨盆尤其是胸椎的運動,使軀幹須以更大的活動度來增加步態的平衡,並造成軀幹的前傾增加、冠狀面的軀幹左傾,與右肩位置上升,右側骨盆下降。最後,本研究所得之重要結論為側背背包之重量應低於身體重量之5%為佳,若長期側背重物將造成「駝背」與「胸椎」脊椎側彎的脊椎病變。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35568
其他識別: U0005-0608200911355900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0608200911355900
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系

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