請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35610
標題: 嬰兒保溫箱微氣候模式之研究
Microclimate Model for Study of the Infant Incubator
作者: 陳彥甫
Chen, Yan-Fu
關鍵字: incubator
保溫箱
microcontrollers
microclimate model
premature
relative humidity
微控制器
微氣候模式
早產兒
相對溼度
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
引用: 1.千輝淳二。1982。實用熱傳計算。初版。台南:復漢出版社。 2.中山醫學大學附設醫院-新生兒中重度病房。2010。台中市:中山醫學大學附設醫院。 3.立松科技股份有限公司。2010。噴漆求放射率法A。台北。網址:http://www.irpro.com.tw/Applications18.htm。上網日期:2010-07-13。 4.孫清華。1996。感測器應用電路的設計與製作。初版。台北:全華科技圖書股份有限公司。 5.陳加忠。1998。溫室內蒸發冷卻之微氣候梯度模式。農林學報 47(4):93-113。 6.黃全富、巫信輝、江士標。2000。數位化溫度控制器設計。國科會期末報告國科會補助編號:NSC 89-2622-E-008-003。網址:http://www.me.ncu.edu.tw/teacher/Teacher-27/paper/0102.doc。上網日期:2010-07-13。 7.黃嘉輝。2006。8051單晶片原理與應用-使用C語言。初版。臺北:台科大。 8.翰寧股份有限公司。2010。加濕技術分享: 空調加濕 水霧加濕。台北。網址:http://www.bestav.com.tw/。上網日期:2010-07-13。 9.Ariagno, R. L., S. F. Glotzbach, R. B. Baldwin, D. M. Rector, S. M. Bowley and R. J. Moffat. 1997. Dew-point hygrometry system for measurement of evaporative water loss in infants. American Physiological Society. 97: 1008-1017. 10.Amorim, M. F., G. H. C. Oliveira and D. S. R. S. L. M. Kiapuchinski. 2004. Water Vapour Partial Pressure Control in Neonatal Incubator Using Prevision by Multiple Models. Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS. San Francisco, CA, USA, 2356-2359. 11.Bouattoura, D., P. Villon and G. Farges. 1998. Dynamic Programming Approach for Newborn’s Incubator Humidity Control. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 45: 48-55. 12.Elabbassi, E. B., K. Belghazi, S. Delanaud and J. Libert. 2004. Dry heat loss in incubator: comparison of two premature newborn sized manikins. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92: 679-682 13.Gensler, W. G..1986. Advanced Agricultural Instrumentation Desing and Use. 14.Guler, I. and M. Burunkaya. 2002. Humidity control of an incubator using the microcontroller-based active humidifier system employing an ultrasonic nebulizer. Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology, 26: 82-88. 15.Ginalski, M. K., A. J. Nowak and L. C. Wrobel. 2007. A combined study of heat and mass transfer in an infant incubator with an overhead screen. Medical Engineering and Physics 29: 531-541. 16.Lyon, A.J., C. Oxley. 2001. HeatBalance, a computer program to determine optimum incubator air temperature and humidity. A comparison against nurse settings for infants less than 29 weeks gestation. Early Human Development, 62: 33-41. 17.Silverman, W. A. and W. A. Blance. 1957. The Effect of Humidity on Survival of Newly Born Premature Infants. Pediatrics-September, 20: 477-487. 18.Tetelin, A., V. Pouget, J. Lachaud and C. Pellet. 2004. Dynamic Behavior of a Chemical Sensor for Humidity Level Measurement in Human Breath. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 53: 1262-1267.
摘要: 嬰兒保溫箱為早產兒維持生理活動之重要醫療設備,文獻中雖有保溫箱溫溼度控制之研究,但並未模擬嬰兒體溫與水分蒸散系統,只有進行未有嬰兒之空保溫箱溫濕度控制。目前醫院大多使用只有溫度控制的保溫箱。若有加濕系統,則大多是被動式加濕系統,靠熱空氣流過水面帶走蒸發水,此種加濕系統並不穩定。被動式加濕系統在本實驗的測試中即發現波動較大。 本研究重點在於模擬保溫箱內嬰兒的體溫系統和保溫箱的微氣候回授控制。以及將推衍之微氣候模式寫入單晶片,進行測試,以確定是否能準確預測且控制保溫箱之微氣候,以及嬰兒保溫箱之微氣候模式之探討。 此研究結果顯示,嬰兒保溫箱的加濕控制,可維持在設定溼度±4%,顯示比原嬰兒保溫箱的加濕能力穩定。嬰兒保溫箱之微氣候模式驗證顯示,其所預測之同時間不同位置的溫溼度皆在容許的預測誤差範圍內。在預測控制性能顯示,預測之不同時間同位置的溫度皆在容許的預測誤差範圍內。
Incubator is an important medical equipment to maintain physical activity for premature baby. Many research papers had reported the study of the temperature and humidity controlled of incubator, However the simulation of infant body temperature and moisture evaporation system, were some papers only mantioned the air temperature and humidity in the incubator, and no baby was placed in the incubator. The temperature-controlled incubator was used for many hospitals. Someone hospitals use the incubator with passive humidification system. This passive humidification system used hot air flow passed away the evaporation of surface water. The humidify is unstable. The study was focuses on the simulation of the body temperature systems in incubator. The microclimate in incubator is controlled by feedback control. The microclimate models is written into microcontroller. The validation of models have been tested. These results indicate that the humidification could be controlled The humidity level cat be maintained at 4% in the incubator. The performance are more stabler than tradiational baby incubator humidification system. The microclimate models are validated. The predicted temperature and humidity in different time with different position ware promitted.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35610
其他識別: U0005-0208201014512200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0208201014512200
顯示於類別:生物產業機電工程學系

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