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Desalination by Fructose-Forward Osmosis Process Using Polyethersulfone Membranes
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|摘要:||本研究以乾濕式混合製程製備出厚度小且緻密型的polyethersulfone (PES)薄膜，厚度為4-12 μm，含水率4.2-7.2 wt%。由直接滲透批次程序與流動程序結果發現：磺化後之PES薄膜雖然比PES薄膜有較高的水通量，卻呈現較低的NaCl阻絕率。厚度較厚之PES薄膜雖較有效的阻絕NaCl通過，但水通量較低。另外，加入超過濾ZM 500薄膜作為支撐層之後，使得PES薄膜有較高的NaCl阻絕率，但卻也降低了水通量。在流動程序中，有無支撐層的影響較明顯。由本研究流動程序結果所得之最佳直接滲透薄膜為：PES 30 (3.5±0.5 μm)加上ZM 500超過濾薄膜作為支撐層；於60 mL/min的流速下所得水通量為0.65 (L m-2 hr-1) ，皆比商業逆滲透薄膜CE [0.42 (L m-2 hr-1)]與AG [0.11 (L m-2 hr-1)]高，且 NaCl阻絕率也和CE與AG膜相近，皆在98.2%以上。|
In this study, thin and dense polyethersulfone membranes with thickness of 4-12 μm and water content of 4.2-8.3 wt% were prepared. By conducting the batch FO (forward osmosis) process and the flow FO forward osmosis process, the water flux achieved by the sulfonated PES membrane was much higher than those obtained for the PES membranes, but its NaCl rejection was lower. The PES membrane with larger thickness had higher salt rejection and lower water flux. Moreover, by using the ultrafiltraion membrane ZM 500 as support layer, the PES membranes exhibited higher salt rejection and lower water flux. Especially in the flow process, the use of support layer had significant effect on water flux and NaCl rejection. As a result of the flow FO process, the optimal FO membrane obtained in this study is the PES 30 membrane (3.5±0.5 μm) with ZM 500 as support layer. Its flux is 0.65 (L m-2 hr-1) under 60 mL/min operation and it could attain high salt rejection (higher than 98.2%).
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