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Surface modification on glass fiber membranes by functional silano-precursors and their applications in adsorption separation
membrane surface modification
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|摘要:||本論文以功能性矽氧烷類前驅物改質玻璃纖維薄膜製備離子交換薄膜,並分成兩部分: 第一部分 ”以玻璃纖維薄膜為基材製備陽離子交換薄膜及應用於雞蛋白中溶菌脢的分離純化”；第二部分 ” 有機-無機混成陰離子交換膜的製備及應用於陰離子染料的吸附性分離”。
第一部份的研究，使用具矽氧烷基的monophenyl trimethoxysilane (MPh)，在多孔性玻璃纖維薄膜表面進行改質，續以氯磺酸反應後獲得陽離子交換薄膜。研究中探討玻璃纖維薄膜浸泡於MPh溶液中，改質時間對薄膜性質的影響，並以接觸角儀、傅立葉紅外線光譜儀、薄膜導電度、與薄膜離子交換容量，分析改質後之薄膜性質並證實改質成功。當改質時間為60分鐘時，可獲得較佳改質效果，所得的薄膜離子交換容量為49.5 micro mol/disc。與商業型具磺酸官能基的陽離子交換薄膜(ICE 450 無支撐型薄膜)相比，雖在批式實驗中本研究製備之薄膜的吸附量較商業薄膜低，但當吸附環境為較高鹽類濃度時，本研究所製備之薄膜呈現較低的非特定吸附量。當薄膜進一步應用於溶菌脢分離的流動程序中，製備之薄膜在純化效率的表現上，較ICE 450 無支撐型薄膜來的優異。
第二部份的研究，使用不同濃度的二級胺的前驅物(由N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ethylene diamine及3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl isocyanate製備)，在多孔性玻璃纖維薄膜表面進行改質，接著以溴乙烷反應後獲得陰離子交換薄膜。續以傅立葉紅外線光譜儀、電子式掃描顯微鏡、接觸角儀、水含量、與薄膜離子交換容量，分析改質後之薄膜性質，並證實薄膜改質成功。薄膜用於陰離子型染料Cibacron blue 3GA的批式吸附結果，發現較佳改質條件為:改質溶液的濃度為前驅物/dimethyl formamide=1:3 (w/w)。此條件所得薄膜之離子交換容量為2.12 mg/cm3及最大的染料吸附量為2.12 mg/cm3。不同的脫附溶液應用於批式脫附實驗，並發現使用1 N KSCN 60%的甲醇溶液可獲得較好的脫附效果(70%脫附)。使用兩片改質的薄膜應用於流動分離程序中(進料流速:1 mL/min；沖洗及脫附流速: 8 mL/min)，進料20 mL陰離子染料(濃度:0.05 g/L)，可達超過92%的回收率。且薄膜經過吸附、清洗、脫附步驟共計重複10次的循環後，仍在分離效果上呈現優良並未發生衰退現象。|
The ion exchange membranes are prepared with surface modification on glass fiber membranes by functional silano-precursors. This study was divided into two parts: I, “Isolation of lysozyme from hen egg albumen using glass fiber-based cation exchange membranes”; and II, “Adsorptive removal of anionic dye by inorganic-organic hybrid anion exchange membranes”. In the first part, porous glass fiber membranes were coated with monophenyl trimethoxysilane (MPh) and then sulphonated by chlorosulphonic acid to prepare the cation exchange membranes with sulphonic acid groups. Different MPh-coating times were tested and the properties of the resulting membranes such as contact angle, FTIR spectrum, conductivity, and ion exchange capacity were measured. It was found that the optimal MPh-coating time was 60 min and the related ion exchange capacity was 49.5 micromol./disc. The modified membrane under the optimal MPh-coating condition was adopted for lysozyme isolation. The results were compared with those for the commercial cation exchange membrane with sulphonic acid groups (ICE 450 unsupported membrane). Although the prepared membrane exhibited less adsorption capacity than ICE 450 unsupported membrane in the batch lysozyme adsorption experiment, it showed lower non-specific binding ratio under higher salt concentration. In the flow process isolating lysozyme from hen egg albumen, the purification effectiveness obtained using the prepared cation exchange membrane was superior to the ICE 450 unsupported membrane. In the second part of this study, anion exchange membranes with quaternary ammonium groups were prepared by coating a precursor with secondary amino groups (the product of N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ethylene diamine and 3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl isocyanate) on porous glass fiber membranes and further treated with bromoethane. The precursor coating and bromoethane treatment have been proved successful by membrane characterization such as Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photo, contact angle, water content, and ion exchange capacity. The optimal feed precursor/dimethyl formamide (DMF) ratio was found as 1:3 (w/w) based on the batch adsorption results of anionic dye Cibacron blue 3GA. The membrane ion exchange capacity for this condition was 6.8 micro mol/cm2 (or 104.2 micro mol/cm3) and the maximum dye adsorption capacity was 2.12 mg/cm3. Different desorption solutions were tested in batch desorption process, and the use of 1 N KSCN in 60% methanol attained a better performance (70% desorption). In the chromatography process with two pieces of 47 mm modified anion exchange membrane discs (loading at 1 mL/min; washing and elution at 8 mL/min), more than 92% of dye molecules could be recovered from a 20 mL feed aqueous solution with an initial dye concentration of 0.05 g/L. Moreover, the membrane performance remained unaltered over ten successive cycles of dye adsorption, washing, and elution.
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