Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3774
標題: 超臨界二氧化碳萃取植物種籽三酸甘油脂類
Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of triglycerides from jatropha and crassna seeds.
作者: 陳威衡
Chen, Wei-Heng
關鍵字: Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction
超臨界二氧化碳萃取
Jatropha Curcas L.
Aquilaria Crassna
triglycerides
solvent to solid ratio
Chrastil
蔴瘋樹籽
風樹籽
三酸甘油酯
萃取效率
濃縮倍數
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 本論文探討超臨界二氧化碳萃取蔴瘋樹種籽油與風樹種籽油。研究以油中三酸甘油脂的含量與收油率做為指標,尋找最適超臨界萃取條件。以應答曲面實驗設計法,找出壓力、溫度、溶固比對總產率、三酸甘油酯濃度、收油率、三酸甘油脂濃縮倍數、溶油量五種應答值的影響,並以Chrastil方程式迴歸超臨界二氧化碳對蔴瘋樹種籽油與風樹種籽油的溶解度曲線。實驗設計的數據顯示,壓力是影響萃取效率與三酸甘油酯濃度的主要條件因子,而二氧化碳流速越高,越有助於提高萃取效率。 應答曲面實驗設計的超臨界二氧化碳萃取兩種含殼種籽程序數據顯示,蔴瘋樹籽在壓力340bar、溫度330K 與溶固比110:1的萃取條件下,油濃度達663.1mg/gext,油收率達97.9%。風樹籽在壓力310bar、溫度333K 與溶固比100:1的萃取條件下,油濃度達568.3mg/gext,收油率達96.8%。
This study examines effects of pressure, temperature and solvent to solid ratio (SSR) on extraction efficiencies of triglycerides from powdered Jatropha seeds and Crassna seeds by using supercritical carbon dioxide extraction. Designed supercritical conditions at pressures from 250 to 350 bar, temperatures from 313 to 333K and the SSR values from 65:1 to 125:1 were selected based on the response surface methodology to determine their affections on concentration of triglycerides in the extracted oil. A supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Jatropha seeds at 340 bar, 330 K and the SSR value of 110:1 concentration of triglycerides 663.1mg/g of Jatropha oil, using 3300 g of carbon dioxide over 4 h. The extraction efficiency (i.e. recovery) of triglycerides attained 97.9%. A supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Crassna seeds at 310 bar, 333 K and the SSR value of 100:1concentration of triglycerides 568.3mg/g of Crassna oil, using 3000 g of carbon dioxide over 3.5 h. Pressure effect presents more significant than that of the SSR value or that of temperature in increasing the extraction efficiency of triglycerides. The extraction efficiency (i.e. recovery) of triglycerides attained 96.8% from Crassna seed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3774
其他識別: U0005-2508200916004100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2508200916004100
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