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標題: Green tea extract protects rats against myocardial infarction associated with left anterior descending coronary artery ligation
作者: Hsieh, S.R.
Tsai, D.C.
Chen, J.Y.
Tsai, S.W.
Liou, Y.M.
關鍵字: Polyphenols
Ca(2+) sensitivity
Cardiac troponin C
myofilament calcium sensitivity
guinea-pig hearts
molecular targets
ph sensitivity
期刊/報告no:: Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology, Volume 458, Issue 4, Page(s) 631-642.
摘要: There is increasing evidence that green tea polyphenols can protect against myocardial damage. Recently, we showed that they bind to cardiac troponin C and alter myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity in cardiac muscle. In the present study, we examined whether green tea extract (GTE) could prevent the progressive remodeling seen in ischemic myocardium and improve cardiac function by modulation of the contractile apparatus utilizing a myocardial infarction (MI) model in the rat involving ligation of the left anterior descending branch. Using this model, severe myocardial injury was found, including altered cardiac performance and the appearance of extensive fibrosis and left ventricular (LV) enlargement. Supplementation with 400 mg/kg/day of GTE for 4, 18, or 46 days had beneficial effects in preventing the hemodynamic changes. Histopathological studies showed that GTE attenuated the progressive remodeling seen after myocardial injury. Echocardiography confirmed that GTE prevented LV enlargement and improved LV performance in post-MI rats. In addition, we showed that GTE supplementation for 18 or 46 days increased the myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity of the ischemic myocardium in post-MI rats. These results validate the novel action of green tea polyphenols in protecting against myocardial damage and enhancing cardiac contractility by modulating myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity in post-MI rats.
ISSN: 0031-6768
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所



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