Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3883
標題: 聚吡咯/石墨烯奈米複合材料做為超級電容之探討
Supercapacitor based on polypyrrole/graphene nanocomposite
作者: 張皓翔
Chang, Hao-Hsiang
關鍵字: Polypyrrole
聚吡咯
Graphene
Supercapacitor
Electropolymerization
石墨烯
超級電容
電化學聚合
出版社: 化學工程學系所
引用: [1]A. Burke, J. Power Sources, 91, 37, 2000. [2]L. L. Zhang, X. S. Zhao, Chem. Soc., 38, 2520, 2009. [3]P. Simon, Y. Gogotsi, Nature Mater., 7, 845, 2008. [4]M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, R. S. Ruoff, Nano Lett., 8, 3498, 2008. [5]T. M. Wu, H. L. Chang, Y. W. Lin, Compos. Sci. Tech., 69, 639, 2009. [6]J. U. Kim, I. S. Jeong, I. S. Moon, H. B. Gu, J. Power Sources, 97, 450, 2001. [7]C. W. Lin, B. J. Hwang, C. R. Li, Mater. Chem. Phys., 55, 139, 1998. [8]K. Jurewicz, S. Delpuex, V. Bertagna, F. Beguin, E. Frackowiak, Chem. Phys. Lett., 347, 36, 2001. [9]G. Natta, G. Mazzanti, P. Corradini, Cl. Lince., Mat. Natur., 25, 3, 1958. [10]H. Shirakawa , S. Polym. J., 2, 231, 1971. [11]H. Shirakawa, E. J. Louis, A. G. MacDiarmid, C. K. Chiang, A. J. Heeger, J. Chem.Soc. Chem. Commun., 1098, 1977. [12]B. Wessling, Synth. Met., 45, 119, 1991. [13]A. J. Heeger, In: Skotheim, T.A. (Ed.), Handbook of Conducting Polymers, vol. II. Marcel Dekker, New York, p. 729 and references therein, 1986. [14]S. P. Armes, Synth. Met., 20, 365, 1987. [15]J. Zhang, Y. She, B. Lu, Y. Zhou, K.F. Chin, J. Polym. Sci., 11, 334, 1993. [16]E. T. Kang, K. G. Neoh, Y. K. Ong, K. L. Tan, B. T. G. Tan, Macromolecules, 24, 2822, 1991. [17]E.T. Kang, K.G. Neoh, T. Matsuyama, H. Yamaoka, Polym. Commun., 29, 201, 1988. [18]E. T. Kang, H. C. Ti, K. G. Neoh, T. C. Tan, Polym. J., 20, 399, 1988. [19]S. Rapi, V. Bocchi, G.P. Gardini, Synth. Met., 24, 217, 1988. [20]H. S. Nalwa, Handbook of Organic Conductive Molecules and Polymers. Vol 2, Wiley, New Work, 1997. [21]Y. C. Luo, J. S. Do, Biosens. Bioelectron., 20, 15, 2004. [22]Lai, E. K. W., P. D. Beattie, F. P. Orfino, E. Simon, Electrochim. Acta., 44, 2559, 1999. [23]A. F. Diaz, J. I. Castillo, J. A. Logan and W. Y. Lee, 1981, ’’Electrochemistry of Conducting Polypyrrole Films’’,J. Electroanal. Chem, Vol 129, p.115. [24]G. A. Snook, P. Kao, A. S. Best, J. Power Sources, 196, 1, 2011. [25]A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, Nature Mater., 26, 183, 2007. [26]H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O’Brien, R. F. Curl, R. E. Smalley, Nature, 318, 162, 1985. [27]S. Iijima, Nature, 354, 56, 1991. [28]J. Wang, M. Musameh, Y. Lin, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 125, 2408, 2003. [29]C. D. Reddy, S. Rajendran, K. M. Liew, Nanotechnology, 17, 864, 2006. [30]Y. Geng, S. J. Wang, J. K. Kim, J. Colloid. Interf. Sci., 336, 592, 2009. [31]P. R. Wallace, The band theory of graphite. Phys. Rev, 71, 622, 1947. [32]K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva,1 A. A. Firsov, Science., 306, 666, 2004. [33]A. Reina, X. Jia, J. Ho, D. Nezich, H. Son, V. Bulovic, M.S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, Nano Lett., 9, 30, 2009. [34]A. V. Raygani, H. Ghaneialvar, Z. Rahimi, H. Nomani, M. Saiedi, F. Bahrehmand, H. Tavilani, T. Pourmotabbed, Sens. Actuators, B, 150, 301, 2010. [35]H. C. Schniepp, J. L. Li, M. J. McAllister, H. Sai, M. Herreraalonso, D. H. Adamson, R. K. Prud’homme, R. Car, D. A. Saville, I. A. Aksay, J. Phys. Chem.B, 110, 8535, 2006. [36]W. S. Hummers, R. E. Offeman, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 80, 1339, 1958. [37]M. J. Fernandez-Merino, L. Guardia, J. I. Paredes, S. Villar-Rodil, P. Solıs-Fernandez, A. Martı´nez-Alonso, and J. M. D. Tascon, J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 6426, 2010. [38]J. Gao, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. Ma, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, Chem. Mater., 22, 2213, 2010 [39]G. K. Ramesha, S. Sampath, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 7985, 2009. [40]N. G. Shang, P. Papakonstantinou, M. McMullan, M. Chu, A. Stamboulis, A. Potenza, S. S. Dhesi, H. Marchetto, Adv. Funct. Mater., 18, 3506, 2008. [41]J. F. Wu, M. Q. Xu, G. C. Zhao, Electrochem. Commun., 12, 175, 2010. [42]C. Shan, H. Yang, D. Han, Q. Zhang, A. Ivaska, L. Niu, Biosens. Bioelectron, 25, 1070, 2010. [43]Y. Wang, Z. Shi, Y. Huang, Y. Ma, C. Wang, M. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 13103, 2009. [44]Y. Si, E. T. Samulski, Nano Lett, 8, 1679, 2008. [45]D. Li, M. B. Muller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, G. G. Wallace, Nat. Nanotechnol., 3, 101, 2008. [46]S. Stankovich, R. D. Piner, X. Chen, N. Wu, S. T. Nguyen, R. S. Ruoff, J. Mater. Chem., 16, 155, 2006. [47]A. J. Patil, J. L. Vickery, T. B. Scottand, S. Mann, Adv. Mater., 21, 3159, 2009. [48]R. Kotz, M. Carlen, Electrochim. Acta, 45, 2483, 2000. [49]A. Burke, J. Power Sources, 91, 37, 2000. [50]E. Frackowiak, K. Metenier, B. Vertagna, Appl. Phys. Lett.,77, 2421, 2000. [51]M. S. Michael, S. R. S. Prabaharan, J. Power Sources, 136, 250, 2004. [52]J. R. Potts, D. R. Dreyer, C. W. Bielawaski, R. S. Ruoff, Polymer, 5, 25, 2011. [53]K. C. Liu, M. A. Anderson, Hayto, J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 124, 1996. [54]S. C. Pang, M. A. Anderson, T. W. Chapman, J. Electrochem. Soc., 147, 444, 2000. [55]S. A. Hashmi, H. M. Upadhyaya, Solid State Ionic, 152, 883, 2002. [56]Y. Han, L. Hao, X. Zhang, Synthetic Met, 160, 2336, 2010. [57]L. L. Zhang, S. Zhao, X. N. Tian, X. S. Zhao., Langmuir, 26, 17624, 2010. [58]D. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Chen, P. Yu, C. Wang, Y. Ma, J. Power Sources, 196, 5990, 2011. [59]A. J. Bard, I. R. Faulkner, Electrochemical Methods: Fundaments and Applications, Wily, New York, 2000. [60]D. R. Crow, Principle and Applications of Electrochemistry,高立,1998. [61]M. A. B. Christopher, A. M. O. Brett, Electrochemistry Principles ,Methods, And Application, Oxford New York, 1993. [62]Operation and service manual, Maxtek. [63]M. Hirata, T. Gotou, S. Horiuchi, M. Fujiwara, M. Ohba, Carbon., 42, 2929, 2004. [64]J. I. Paredes, S. Villar-Rodil, P. S. Fernandez, A. M. Alonso, J. M. D. Tascon, Langmuir, 25, 5957, 2009. [65]R. Rajagopalan, J. O. Iroh, Electrochim. Acta, 47, 1847, 2002. [66]W. C. Chen, T. C. Wen, H. S. Teng, Electrochim. Acta, 48, 641, 2003.
摘要: 本研究成功的利用電化學的方式製備出奈米複合薄膜應用於超級電容,以電化學聚合方式將聚吡咯(polypyrrole, PPy)薄膜修飾於金電極上,再將PPy及石墨烯氧化物(graphene oxide, GO)以電化學聚合方法將其同時修飾於金電極上,最後利用電化學還原法將GO-PPy還原成還原氧化石墨(reduced graphene GO, rGO)-PPy。經由掃描式電子顯微鏡可發現GO與rGO確實與PPy共聚合於金電極上。在電化學分析中,以循環伏安法及阻抗分析法(EIS)對PPy、GO-PPy及rGO-PPy進行電容探討,於電流密度1 A/g 下, PPy、GO-PPy及rGO-PPy在1M硫酸溶液中的比電容值分別為108 F/g、289 F/g及352 F/g,由實驗結果得知還原後的rGO-PPy相較PPy和GO-PPy具有更好的電容行為。
A nanocomposite film consisted of graphene oxide (GO) and polypyrrole (PPy) was successfully synthesized by electropolymerization which the GO and PPy were deposited on the gold electrode simultaneously. The GO-PPy could be reduced through electrochemical reduction method to obtain reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-PPy. The morphology of PPy, GO-PPy and rGO-PPy nanocomposite films were characterized via scaning electron microscope (SEM). Under three-electrode electrochemical system, the electrocapacitive ability of rGO-PPy modified electrode was investigated with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 1M H2SO4. In comparsion with PPy and GO-PPy, the rGO-PPy had better eletrocapacitive performances in CV and EIS for supercapacitor applications. And the rGO-PPy had a higer specific capacitance of 352 F/g at a current density of 1 A/g discharge current density, which exceeded that of PPy (108F/g) and GO-PPy (289 F/g).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3883
其他識別: U0005-1107201112121900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1107201112121900
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.