Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3916
標題: 側鏈含2,2’亞甲基雙苯並噻唑與丙二腈之 P型共軛高分子合成及其在太陽能電池應用 與光電性質探討
Fluorene/Thiophene-Based Conjugated Polymers Comprising Dibenzo[d]thiazol-2-yl methane and Malononitrile Pendants for Photovoltaic Devices
作者: 陳耀煌
Chen, Yao-Huang
關鍵字: organic solar cell
有機太陽能電池
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究透過Suzuki coupling共聚反應合成一系列主鏈以芴與噻吩所組成,側鏈含有2,2’亞甲基雙苯並噻唑與丙二腈的新型P型共軛高分子。高分子因導入烷基鏈所以可溶於一般有機溶劑,並具備良好熱穩定性。由光譜與電化學性質得知,共軛高分子側鏈導入兩種拉電子基可使材料吸收光譜增寬,並降低共軛高分子的能隙,同時藉由高分子主鏈含芴與噻吩的比例不同調整HOMO能階,成功控制HOMO能階在理想的範圍內(-5.2~-5.8 eV)。在光伏性質表現上,開路電壓介於0.62~0.65 eV間,短路電流密度在1.40~4.34 mA/cm2間,填充因子在0.25 ~0.27間,光電轉換效率在0.23~ 0.73 %間,其中效率最高的元件是以共軛高分子PFDBT-2Th為電子提供者之太陽能電池的光電轉換效率最高為0.73 %,開路電壓為0.62 eV,短路電流密度為4.34 mA/cm2,填充因子為0.27。
Novel fluorine/thiophene-based conjugated polymers with dibenzo [d] thiazol -2-yl methane and malononitrile based pendants were synthesized via Suzuki coupling reactions. All polymers exhibited good solubility in organic solvents and stable thermal properties. The introduction of dibenzo [d] thiazol-2-yl methane and malononitrile as side chains would broaden the absorption of solar spectra and modulate the band gap of polymers. With the various ratios of fluorine and thiophene, the HOMO level was located at an ideal range (-5.2~-5.8 eV). The photovoltaic characteristics- the Voc values are ranged from 0.62 to 0.65 eV; the Jsc values ranged from 1.40 to 4.34 mA/cm2; the FF values ranged from 0.25 to 0.27; the PCE values ranged from 0.23 to 0.73 %. The best performance of photovoltaic device was obtained using PFDBT-2Th/PCBM blend (1:1 w/w) as photo-energy conversion layer. The PCE of 0.73 %, a Voc of 0.62 eV, a Jsc of 4.34 mA/cm2, and a FF of 0.27 were achieved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3916
其他識別: U0005-1808201121414500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1808201121414500
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