請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/4038
標題: 鉛酸電池快速充電與電池診斷技術與探討
Development of Fast Charging and Diagnostic Techniques for Lead-Acid Batteries
作者: 張慈芬
CHANG, TZU-FEN
關鍵字: Lead-Acid Battery
鉛酸電池
Fast Charge Method
Battery Diagnostics
快速充電方法
電池診斷
出版社: 精密工程學系所
引用: [1]C. C. Chan, ”The past, present and future of electric vehicle development”, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Hong Kong , vol.1, pp. 11-13, 1999. [2]孫清華, ”可充電電池技術大全”, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, p.1-1-p.1-11, 2003年9月。 [3]孫清華, ”可充電電池技術大全”, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, p.6-2, 2003年9月。 [4]T. Palanisamy and P. O. Box, “Charging techniques for a universal lead-acid battery charger”, Porc. Int. Power Sources Symp., pp.72-76, 1999. [5]A. Kaswamura and T. Yanagihara, “State of Charge Estimation of Sealed Lead-Acid Batteries used for Electric Vehicles”, IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conf. Rec., pp.583-587, 1998. [6]R. C. Cope and Y. Podrazhansky, “The Art of Battery Charging”, Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, California State University, California, pp.233-235, Jun.1999. [7]J. H. Aylor, A. Thieme and B. W. Johnson, “A Battery State-of-Charge Indicator for Electric Wheelchairs”, IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 398-409, 1992. [8]R. Z. Toll and M. R. Moore, ”Real-Time Capacity Prediction and Uncertainty for VRLA Products: A Customer’s Perspective”, the 24th Annual International Telecommunications Energy Conference, (INTELEC) 2002, Plais Descongrès de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada, pp.115-120, Sep 2002. [9]J. H. Aylor, “A Battery State-of-Charge Indicator for Electric Wheelchairs”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp. 398-409, 1992. [10]T. Yanagihara and A. Kawamure, “Residual Capacity Estimation of Sealed Lead-Acid Batteries for Electric Vehicles”, Power Conversion Conference, Nagaoka, pp.943-946, 1997. [11]M. J. Hlavac and D. Feder, “VRLA Battery Monitoring using Conductance Technology”, the 17th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELE) 1995, Netherlands Congress Center, Netherlands, pp. 284-291, 1995. [12]O. Caumont, “Energy Gauge for Lead-Acid Batteries in Electric Vehicles”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.354-360, Sep. 2000. [13]R. J. Ball, R. Kurian, R. Evans, and R. Stevens, “Failure mechanisms in Value Regulated Lead/Acid Batteries for Cyclic Applications”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 109, No. 1, pp. 189-202, Jun. 2002. [14]C. S. Bose and G. W. Mathiesen, “Gas Evolution Recombination and Grid Corrosion in a VRLA Battery Under High Temperature Operating Conditions”, 19th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1997, Melbourne Convention Center, Melbourne, pp. 13-17, Oct. 1997. [15]J. P. Gun, J. N. Fiorina, M. Fraisse, and H. Mabboux, “Increasing UPS Battery Life:Main Failure Modes, Charging and Monitoring Solutions”, 19th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1997, Melbourne Convention Center, Melbourne, pp.389-396 , Oct. 1997. [16]R. J. Ball, R. Evans, M. Deven, and R. Stevens, “Characterisation of Defects Observed Within the Positive Grid Corrosion Layer of the Valve Regulated Lead/Acid Battery”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 103, No. 2, pp.207-212, Jan. 2002. [17]D. Berndt, “Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol.95, No.1-2, pp. 2-12, Mar. 2001. [18]J. B. Olson and E. D. Sexton, “Charging VRLA Batteries in Cycling Applications”, 14th Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, California State University, California, pp. 155-159, Jan. 1999. [19]H. Gu, “Mathematical Modeling in Lead-Acid Battery Development”, 6th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, United States, pp. 47-56, Jan. 1991. [20]徐曼珍, 閥控式密封鉛蓄電池及其在通訊中的應用, 人民郵電出版社, 1997年9 月, 第一版。 [21]F. Kramm, “Influence of Temperature and Charging Voltage on the Endurance of VRLA-Batteries”, 19th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1997, Melbourne Convention Center, Melbourne, pp. 25-28, Oct. 1997. [22]K. R. Bullock, P. K. Ng, J. L. Valdes, and R. A. Holland, “Defining the Life of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries: A New Approach to Accelerated Testing”, 17th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1995, Netherlands Congress Center, Netherlands , pp. 78-85, Oct./Nov, 1995. [23]Y. Reynier, R. Yazami, and B. Fultz, “Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Self-Discharge in Graphite-Lithium Electrodes”, The 17th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, California State University, California, pp.145-150, Jan. 2002. [24]周靜娟、吳明瑞、顏培仁, 圖控程式與自動量側使用LabView7.X,全華科技圖書股份有限公司, 2005年10月, 第二版。 [25]曾裕傑, ”鉛酸電池充電特性與檢測之研究”, 中原大學電機學系碩士論文, 90年6月。 [26]S. Sato, A. Kawamura, “A New Estimation Method of State of Charge using Terminal Voltage and Internal Resistance for Lead Acid Battery”, Power Conversion Conference, Osaka International Convention Center, Osaka, pp.565-570, 2002.
摘要: 本論文主要針對小容量鉛酸電池的充電法進行研究,經由本研究發現,若使用目前商用之快速充電方法(reflex充電方法、脈衝充電方法),對小容量鉛酸電池進行充電,將造成充電時間變長(3~6小時)以及電池溫度升高,導致電池損壞。本論文發展出一種對小容量鉛酸電池的充電法,使得充電時間為30分鐘且不會造成電池溫度升高(40°C以下)。由於傳統電池的各種檢測方法也都具有一些缺點,例如:準確度不高,再加上充電時所造成電池溫度升高(超過40°C),其誤差會更明顯,也造成電池損壞,因此我們同時使用LabView視窗軟體當作介面來即時監控鉛酸電池之電壓、以及電池是否充飽,將可隨時偵測電池之電壓、電流、溫度,隨時保護電池,不造成電池損壞。而本研究證實這種快速充電與診斷方法能達到高效率快速充電(30分鐘),且能取得實際電池內阻曲線圖、實際開路電壓曲線圖、實際電壓恢復時間曲線圖、容量公式,使得本系統診斷能力之準確度高達90%。
The object of this research focuses on the development of the charge method for the small capacity lead-acid batteries. The conventional fast charge methods used to charge the small capacity lead-acid battery always required approximately 3 to 6 hours, which would damage the battery due to the long charge time and high battery temperature. In this thesis, a novel fast charge method has been developed for the small capacity lead-acid batteries. The charging time can be controlled within 30 minutes, and the battery temperature can be kept below 40C. In addition, an in-time battery diagnostic method is very important during the operation of the lead-acid batteries. Various detection methods of battery characteristics have been used but there still possess some shortcomings such as low accuracy and high battery temperature (normally, the temperature should be kept below 40C during charging of the battery). In this thesis, the LabView software was utilized as a convenient interface for the user to monitor the voltage level of the lead-acid battery immediately and to display the electric capacity during fast charging of the lead-acid battery. The voltage level, current, and temperature of the battery can be monitored simultaneously. The inner resistance graph, open circuit voltage graph, voltage resume time graph, and capacity formula can also be obtained. These make this system have high accurate diagnosis ability up to 90%. Thus we can avoid the damage and increase the lifetime of battery effectively. From our experimental results, the verified diagnostic system shows that the proposed fast charging method can be used for the lead-acid battery with high efficiency.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/4038
其他識別: U0005-0302200721224100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0302200721224100
顯示於類別:精密工程研究所

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