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Development of Fast Charging and Diagnostic Techniques for Lead-Acid Batteries
Fast Charge Method
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The object of this research focuses on the development of the charge method for the small capacity lead-acid batteries. The conventional fast charge methods used to charge the small capacity lead-acid battery always required approximately 3 to 6 hours, which would damage the battery due to the long charge time and high battery temperature. In this thesis, a novel fast charge method has been developed for the small capacity lead-acid batteries. The charging time can be controlled within 30 minutes, and the battery temperature can be kept below 40C. In addition, an in-time battery diagnostic method is very important during the operation of the lead-acid batteries. Various detection methods of battery characteristics have been used but there still possess some shortcomings such as low accuracy and high battery temperature (normally, the temperature should be kept below 40C during charging of the battery). In this thesis, the LabView software was utilized as a convenient interface for the user to monitor the voltage level of the lead-acid battery immediately and to display the electric capacity during fast charging of the lead-acid battery. The voltage level, current, and temperature of the battery can be monitored simultaneously. The inner resistance graph, open circuit voltage graph, voltage resume time graph, and capacity formula can also be obtained. These make this system have high accurate diagnosis ability up to 90%. Thus we can avoid the damage and increase the lifetime of battery effectively. From our experimental results, the verified diagnostic system shows that the proposed fast charging method can be used for the lead-acid battery with high efficiency.
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