Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Design and Analysis of Multistable Compliant Mechanisms
|引用:||. Ando, B., Baglio, S., Trigona, C., Dumas, N., Latorre, L., and Nouet, P., 2010, “Nonlinear Mechanism in MEMS Devices for Energy Harvesting Applications,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 20, pp. 125020. . Arai, F., 2010, “On-Chip Robotics: Technical Issues and Future Direction,” 2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Workshop on Micro-Nano Robotics and New Evolution, Anchorage, Alaska, May 3-8, 2010. . Barth, J., Krevet, B., and Kohl, M., 2010, “A Bistable Shape Memory Microswitch with High Energy Density,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 19, pp. 094004. . Benabdallah, H. and Olender, D., 2006, “Finite Element Simulation of the Wear of Polyoxymethylene in Pin-On-Disc Configuration,” Wear, Vol. 261, pp. 1213-1224. . Berselli, G., Vertechy, R., Vassura, G., and Castelli, V.P, 2009, “Design of a Single-Acting Constant-Force Actuator Based on Dielectric Elastomers,” Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics, Vol. 1, pp. 031007. . Boyle, C.L., Howell, L.L., Magleby, S.P., and Evans, M.S., 2003, “Dynamic Modeling of Compliant Constant-Force Compression Mechanisms,” Mechanism and Machine Theory, Vol. 38, pp. 1468-1487. . Bossert, D., L, U.L., and Vagners, J., 1996, “Experimental Evaluation of a Hybrid Position and Force Surface Following Algorithm for Unknown Surfaces,” Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Vol. 3, April 22-28, pp. 2252-2257. . Cao, A., Kim, J., and Lin, L., 2007, “Bi-Directional Electrothermal Electromagnetic Actuators,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 17, pp. 975-982. . Casals-Terre, J. and Shkel, A., 2004, “Dynamic Analysis of a Snap-Action Micromechanism,” Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2004, pp. 1245-1248. . Casals-Terre, J. and Shkel, A., 2005, “Snap-Action Bistable Micromechanism Actuated by Nonlinear Resonance,” Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2005, pp. 893-896. . Casals-Terré, J., Fargas-Marques, A., and Shkel, A.M., 2008, “Snap-Action Bistable Micromechanisms Actuated by Nonlinear Resonance,” Journal of Microelectromechanical System, Vol. 17, pp. 1082-1093. . Cazottes, P., Fernandes, A., Pouget, J., and Hafez, M., 2009, “Bistable Buckled Beam: Modeling of Actuating Force and Experimental Validations,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 131, pp. 101001. . Chen, G., Wilcox, D.L., and Howell, L.L., 2009a, “Fully Compliant Double Tensural Tristable Micromechanisms (DTTM),” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 19, pp. 025011. . Chen, S.H., Fan, K.C., Chung, T.T., and Yang, Y.J., 2009b, “A N x N Architecture for 2-D Mirror-Type Optical Switches,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol.27. pp. 2843-2851. . Chen, G., Aten, Q.T., Zirbel, S., Jensen, B.D., and Howell, L.L., 2010, “A Tristable Mechanism Configuration Employing Orthogonal Compliant Mechanisms,” Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics, Vol. 2, pp. 014501. . Deb, K., Pratap, A., Agarwal, S., and Meyarivan, T., 2002, “A Fast and Elitist Multiobjective Genetic Algorithm: NSGA-II,” IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, Vol. 6, pp. 182-197. . D'Souza, A.F. and Garg, V.K., 1984, Advanced Dynamics: Modeling and Analysis, Prentice-Hall. . Erlbacher, E.A., 1995, “Method for Applying Constant Force with Nonlinear Feedback Control and Constant Force Device Using Same,” US Patent, 5448146. . Freudenreich, M., Mescheder, U., and Somogyi, G.., 2003, “Design Considerations and Realization of a Novel Micromechanical Bi-Stable Switch,” Transducers 2003 Workshop, pp. 1096-1099. . Freudenreich, M., Mescheder, U., and Somogyi, G., 2004, “Simulation and Realization of a Novel Micromechanical Bi-Stable Switch,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 114, pp. 451-459. . Fritz, T., Griepentrog, M., Mokwa, W., and Schnakenberg, U., 2003, “Determination of Young's Modulus of Electroplated Nickel,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 48, pp. 3029-3035. . Fung, T.C., 1998, “Complex-Time-Step Newmark Methods with Controllable Numerical Dissipation,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 41, pp. 65-93. . Geear, M.C., Yeatman, E.M., Holmes, A.S., Syms, R.R.A., and Finlay, A.P., 2004, “Microengineered Electrically Resettable Circuit Breaker,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 13, pp. 887-894. . Gere, J.M. and Timoshenko, S.P., 1984, Mechanics of Materisls, second edition, Wadsworth Inc., Belmont, California, USA. . Giannopoulos, G., Monreal, J., and Vantomme, J., 2007, “Snap-Through Buckling Behavior of Piezoelectric Bimorph Beams: II. Experimental Verification,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 16, pp. 1158-1163. . Gomm, T., Howell, L.L., and Selfridge, R.H., 2005, “In-Plane Linear Displacement Bistable Microrelay,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microenginering, Vol. 12, pp. 257-264. . Hafez, M., Lichter, M.D., and Dubowsky, S., 2003, “Optimized Binary Modular Reconfigurable Robotic Devices,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 8, pp. 18-25. . Hälg, B., 1990, “On a Nonvolatile Memory Cell Based on Micro-Electro-Mechanics,” Proceedings of IEEE MEMS 1990 Conference, pp. 172-176. . Han, J.S., Müller, C., Wallrabe, U., and Korvink, J.G., 2007, “Design, Simulation, And Fabrication Of A Quadstable Monolithic Mechanism With X- And Y-Directional Bistable Curved Beams,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 129, pp. 1198-1203. . Hansen, B.J., Carron, C.J., Jensen, B.D., Hawkins, A.R., and Schultz, S.M., 2007, “Plastic Latching Accelerometer Based on Bistable Compliant Mechanisms,” Smart Material and Structures, Vol. 16, pp. 1967-1972. . Hibbitt, H.D., Karlsson, B.I., and Sorensen, E.P., 2001, ABAQUS User Manual, Version 6-2, Providence, RI, USA. . Howell, L.L., 2002, Compliant Mechanisms, John Wiley & Sons, New York. . Howell, L.L. and Magleby, S.P., 2006, “Substantially Constant-Force Exercise Machine,” US Patent, 7060012. . Huang, W.L., Ren, Z., and Nguyen, C.T.C., 2006, “Nickel Vibrating Micromechanical Disk Resonator With Solid Dielectric Capacitive-Transducer Gap,” Proceeding of IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition 2006, pp. 839-847. . Hull, P.V. and Canfield, S., 2006, “Optimal Synthesis of Compliant Mechanisms Using Subdivision and Commercial FEA,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 128, pp. 337-348. . Hwang, I.H., Shim, Y.S., and Lee, J.H., 2003, “Modeling and Experimental Characterization of the Chevron-Type Bistable Microactuator,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 13, pp. 948-954. . Jang, B.H., Tseng, P.H., and Fang, W., 2008, “Characterization of Micro-Contact Properties Using a Novel Micromachined Apparatus,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 18, pp. 055020. . Jeong, O.C. and Konishi, S., 2008, “Pneumatic Gas Regulator With Cascaded PDMS Seal Valves,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 143, pp. 84-89. . Jensen, B.D., 1998, “Identification of Macro- and Micro- Compliant Mechanism Configurations Resulting in Bistable Behavior,” M.S. Thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. . Jenuwine, J.G. and Midha, A., 1994, “Synthesis of Single-Input and Multiple-Output Port Mechanisms with Springs for Specified Energy Absorption,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol 116, pp. 937-943. . King, C., Beaman, J.J., Sreenivasan, S.V., and Campbell, M., 2004, “Multistable Equilibrium System Design Methodology and Demonstration,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 126, pp. 1036-1046. . Ko, J.S., Lee, M.G., Han, J.S., Go, J.S., Shin, B., and Lee, D.S., 2006, “A Laterally-Driven Bistable Electromagnetic Microrelay,” ETRI Journal, Vol. 28, pp. 389-392. . Kreider, W. and Nayfeh, A.H., 1998, “Experimental Investigation of Single-Mode Responses in a Fixed-Fixed Buckled Beam,” Nonlinear Dynamics, Vol. 15, pp. 155-177. . Kruglick, E. and Pister, K., 1998, “Bistable MEMS Relays and Contact Characterization,” Proceedings of Solid-State Sensors and Actuators Workshop, Cleveland, OH, pp. 333-337. . Krylov, S., Ilic, B.R., Schreiber, D., Seretensky, S., and Craighead, H., 2008, “The Pull-In Behavior of Electrostatically Actuated Bistable Microstructures,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 18, pp. 055026. . Kwon, H.N., Hwang, I.H., and Lee, J.H., 2005, “A Pulse-Operating Electrostatic Microactuator for Bi-Stable Latching,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 15, pp. 1511-1516. . Lan, C.C., Wang, J.H., and Chen, Y.H., 2010, “A Compliant Constant-Force Mechanism for Adaptive Robot End-Effector Operations,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Anchorage, Alaska, May 3-7, pp. 2131-2136. . Larsen, K.P., Rasmussen, A.A., Ravnkilde, J.T., Ginnerup, M., Hansen, O., 2003, “MEMS device for bending test: measurements of fatigue and creep of electroplated nickel,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 103, pp. 156-164. . Larsen, U.D., Sigmund, O., and Bouwstra, S., 1997, “Design and Fabrication of Compliant Micromechanisms and Structures with Negative Poisson's Ratio,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 6, pp. 99-106. . Lee, C. and Wu, C.Y., 2005, “Study of Electrothermal V-Beam Actuators and Latched Mechanism for Optical Switch,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 15, pp. 11-19. . Lee, K.B., Pisano, A.P., and Lin, L., 2007, “Nonlinear Behaviors of a Comb Drive Actuator Under Electrically Induced Tensile and Compressive Stresses,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 17, pp. 557-566. . Li, B. and Chen, Q., 2005, “Design and Fabrication of in situ UV-LIGA Assembled Robust Nickel Micro Check Valves for Compact Hydraulic Actuators,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 15, pp. 1864-1871. . Liao, B.T., Chia, B.T, Shih, S.C., Fan, K.C., and Yang, Y.J., 2010, “A 2 x 2 Split Cross-Bar Optical Switch Using a Hybrid Actuation Configuration,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 28, pp. 2905-2911. . Mann, B.P. and Owens, B.A., 2010, “Investigation of a Nonlinear Energy Harvester with a Bistable Potential Well,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 329, pp. 1215-1226. . Masters, N.D. and Howell, L.L., 2003, “A Self-Retracting Fully Compliant Bistable Micromechanism,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 12. pp. 273-280. . Meaders, J.C. and Mattson, C.A., 2010, “Optimization of Near-Constant Force Springs Subject to Mating Uncertainty,” Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Vol. 41, pp. 1-15. . Nahar, D.R. and Sugar, T., 2003, “Compliant Constant-Force Mechanism with a Variable Output for Micro/Macro Applications,” Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Taipei, Taiwan, September 14-19, pp. 318-323. . Oberhammer, J., Tang, M., Liu, A.Q., and Stemme, G., 2006, “Mechanically Tri-Stable, True Single-Pole-Double-Throw (SPDT) Switches,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 16, pp. 2251-2258. . Oh, Y.S. and Kota, S., 2009, “Synthesis of Multistable Equilibrium Compliant Mechanism Using Combinations of Bistable Mechanisms,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 131, pp. 021002. . Ohsaki, M. and Nishiwaki, S., 2005, “Shape Design of Pin-Jointed Multistable Compliant Mechanisms Using Snapthrough Behavior,” Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Vol. 30, pp. 327-334. . Park, S. and Hah, D., 2008, “Pre-Shaped Buckled-Beam Actuators: Theory and Experiments,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 148, pp. 186-192. . Pedersen, C.B.W., Fleck, N.A., and Ananthasuresh, G.K., 2006, “Design of a Compliant Mechanism to Modify an Actuator Characteristic to Deliver a Constant Output Force,” Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 128, pp. 1101-1112. . Pendleton, T. and Jensen, B., 2007, “Development of a tristable compliant mechanism,” Proceedings of 12th IFToMM World Congress, June 18-21, 2007 (paper no. 835). . Pham, H.T and Wang, D.A., 2008, “A Microswitch Actuated by Bistabel Micromechanism,” Asia-Pacific Conference on Transducers and Micro-Nano Technology, (APCOT 2008), June 22-25, Tainan, Taiwan. . Qiu, J., Lang, J.H., and Slocum, A.H., 2004, “A Curved-Beam Bistable Mechanism,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 13, pp. 137-146. . Qiu, J., Lang, J.H., and Slocum, A.H., 2005, “A Bulk-Micromachined Bistable Relay with U-Shaped Thermal Actuators,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 14, pp. 1099-1109. . Receveur, R., Marxer, C.R., Woering, R., Larik, V., and Rooij, N.F., 2005, “Lateral Moving Bistable MEMS DC Switch for Biomedical Applications,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 14, pp. 1089-1098. . Rogers, D.F. and Adams, J.A., 1990, Mathematical elements for computer graphics, 2nd edition, McGRAW-Hill, New York. . Salomon, D., 2006, Curves and surfaces for computer graphics, Springer, New York. . Srinivas, N. and Deb, K., 1995, “Multiobjective Optimization Using Nondominated Sorting in Genetic Algorithms,” Journal of Evolutionary Computation, Vol. 2, pp. 221-248. . Stanton, S.C., McGehee, C.C., and Mann, B.P., 2010, “Nonlinear Dynamics for Broadband Energy Harvesting: Investigation of a Bistable Piezoelectric Inertial Generator,” Physica D, Vol. 239, pp. 640-653. . Su, H.J. and McCarthy, J.M., 2005, “Synthesis of Compliant Mechanisms with Specified Equilibrium Positions,” Proceedings of 2005 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences, September 24-28, 2005, Long Beach, California, USA, pp. 61-69 (paper no. DETC2005-85085). . Sulfridge, M., Saif, T., Miller, N. and O'Hara, K., 2002, “Optical Actuation of a Bistable MEMS,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 11, pp. 574-583. . Teh, W.H., Crook, R., Smith, C.G., Beere, H.E., and Ritchie, D.A., 2005, “Characteristics of a Micromachined Floating-Gat High-Electron-Mobility Transistor at 4.2 K,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97, pp. 114507. . Tsay, J., Su, L.Q., and Sung, C.K., 2005, “Design of a Linear Micro-Feeding System Featuring Bistable Mechanisms,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 15, pp. 63-70. . Vangbo, M., 1998, “An Analytical Analysis of a Compressed Bistable Buckled Beam,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 69, pp. 212-216. . Wagner, B., Quenzer, H.J., Hoerschelmann, S., Lisec, T., and Juerss, M., 1996, “Bistable Microvalve with Pneumatically Coupled Membranes,” Proceedings of IEEE MEMS 1996 Conference, pp. 384-388. . Wang, D.A. and Pham, H.T., 2008, “Vibration - Actuated Bistable Micromechanism for Microassembly,” Technical Proceedings of the 2008 Nanotechnoly Conference and Trade Show, June 1-5, 2008, Vol.3, pp. 639-642, Boston, Massachusetts. . Wang, D.A., Pham, H.T., and Hsieh, Y.H., 2009, “Dynamical Switching of an Electromagnetically Driven Compliant Bistable Mechanism,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 149, pp. 143-151. . Wang, D.A. and Ko, H.H., 2010, “Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting From Flow Induced Vibration,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 20, pp. 025019. . Wang, D.A., Sheu, F.W., and Chiu, Y.S., 2011, “In-Plane Vibration Characterization of Microelectromechanical Systems Using Acousto-Optic Modulated Partially Incoherent Stroboscopic Imaging,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering, (accepted), SCI. . Weight, B.L., Mattson, C.A., Magleby, S.P., and Howell, L.L., 2007, “Configuration Selection, Modeling, and Preliminary Testing in Support of Constant Force Electrical Connectors,” ASME Journal of Electronic Packaging, Vol. 129, pp. 236-246. . White, F.M., 1986, Fluid mechanics, second edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, USA. . Wilcox, D.L. and Howell, L.L., 2005, “Fully Compliant Tensural Bistable Micromechanisms,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 14, pp. 1223-1235. . Yang, Y.J., Liao, B.T., and Kuo, W.C., 2007, “A Novel 2 × 2 MEMS Optical Switch Using the Split Cross-Bar Design,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 17, pp. 875-882. . Ye, W., Wang, X., Hemmert, W., Freeman, D., and White, J., 2003, “Air Damping in Laterally Oscillating Microresonators: a Numerical and Experimental Study,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 12, pp. 557-566. . Yu, Z.Y., Rajurkar, K.P., and Tandon, A., 2004, “Study of 3D Micro-Ultrasonic Machining,” Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Vol. 126, pp. 727-732.|
Multistable mechanisms, which provide multi stable equilibrium positions within its operation range, can be adopted to design systems with power efficiency and kinematic versatility, oftentimes two conflicting goals. Multistable compliant mechanisms have attracted more and more attention in recent years. Two new specified multistable compliant mechanisms are developed in this dissertation: a compliant quadristable mechanism and a constant-force bistable mechanism. Finite element analyses are used to characterize the behavior of these multistable mechanisms under static loading. A design formulation is proposed to synthesize the shape and size of these specified compliant mechanisms. Millimeter scale polyoxymethylene prototypes of them are fabricated and tested. The characteristics of these mechanisms predicted by theory are verified by experiments. The design examples presented in this investigation demonstrates the effectiveness of the optimization approach for the design of the multistable compliant mechanism. The proposed mechanisms have no movable joint and gain their mobility from the deflection of flexible members. These compliant mechanisms have the ease of miniaturization and offer a significant advantage in the fabrication of micro actuators, micro sensors and microelectromechanical systems.
|Appears in Collections:||精密工程研究所|
Show full item record
TAIR Related Article
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.