Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/4043
標題: 多穩態撓性機構之設計與分析
Design and Analysis of Multistable Compliant Mechanisms
作者: 范輝遵
Pham, Huy-Tuan
關鍵字: bistable
多穩態機構
quadristable
constant-force bistable
multistable mechanisms
vibration.
撓性機構
震動
四穩態系統
雙穩態恆力系統
出版社: 精密工程學系所
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摘要: 近幾年來,多穩態擾性機構受到越來越多人的關注,此多穩態擾性機構,可利用兩種具衝突的功率效益及多功能運動因素來設計,使其在工作的範圍內可提供穩定的平衡位置。兩種新的特別多穩態擾性機構,在本博士論文中開發出一個擾性四穩態機構和恆力的雙穩態機構。在文中提出新的設計方案藉由形狀及大小設計出擾性機構,再由有限元素分析來模擬在靜態負載下多穩態擾性機構所表現的行為。毫米尺寸的塑鋼模型被製造且用於測試,這項測試展現了提出的設計範例的有效性及最佳化方式所設計的多穩定擾性機構,在所提出的機構中沒有可動關節,且是利用彈性原件的型變得到動力,促使這些擾性機構容易微小化,因此提供顯著的優勢在製造微致動器、微感測器和微機電系統上。
Multistable mechanisms, which provide multi stable equilibrium positions within its operation range, can be adopted to design systems with power efficiency and kinematic versatility, oftentimes two conflicting goals. Multistable compliant mechanisms have attracted more and more attention in recent years. Two new specified multistable compliant mechanisms are developed in this dissertation: a compliant quadristable mechanism and a constant-force bistable mechanism. Finite element analyses are used to characterize the behavior of these multistable mechanisms under static loading. A design formulation is proposed to synthesize the shape and size of these specified compliant mechanisms. Millimeter scale polyoxymethylene prototypes of them are fabricated and tested. The characteristics of these mechanisms predicted by theory are verified by experiments. The design examples presented in this investigation demonstrates the effectiveness of the optimization approach for the design of the multistable compliant mechanism. The proposed mechanisms have no movable joint and gain their mobility from the deflection of flexible members. These compliant mechanisms have the ease of miniaturization and offer a significant advantage in the fabrication of micro actuators, micro sensors and microelectromechanical systems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/4043
其他識別: U0005-1608201113273800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1608201113273800
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