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標題: Low-intensity-ultrasound-accelerated nerve regeneration using cell-seeded poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) conduits: An in vivo and in vitro study
作者: Chang, C.J.
Hsu, S.H.
Lin, F.T.
Chang, H.
Chang, C.S.
關鍵字: low-intensity ultrasonic stimulation
Schwann cells
nerve regeneration
poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)
silicone conduit
embryonic dopamine neurons
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B-Applied Biomaterials, Volume 75B, Issue 1, Page(s) 99-107.
摘要: This study investigated the effects of low intensity ultrasound on seeded Schwann cells within poly(DL-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) conduits by in vitro and in vivo trials for peripheral nerve regeneration. The possible differences in the ultrasonic effects when using biodegradable and nonbiodegradable materials as the conduits were also studied, using silicone rubber tubes as comparisons. In the in vitro study, seeded Schwann cells were cultured in serum deprivation culture medium that simulated the environment of mechanical trauma on injury nerve site. After 12, 24, and 48 h, only the PLGA conduit groups exposed to 0.05 W/cm(2), 3 min/treatment of ultrasound exhibited decreased LDH release and increased MTT values compared to the sham groups. Based on the results of the in vitro experiment in LDH and MTT testing, the silicone conduits with seeded Schwann cells group was ignored in the in vivo study. The PLGA nerve conduits seeded with Schwann cells (9 x 10(3) cells) were implanted to 15-mm right sciatic nerve defects in rats. Each conduit received 12 ultrasonic treatment sessions over 2 weeks after 1 day of rest. Ultrasound was applied as follows: frequency, 1MHz; intensity, 0.3 W/cm(2) (SATP); treatment, 5 min/day. Implanted graft specimens were harvested for histological analysis at 8 weeks following surgery. PLGA groups (with and without Schwann cells) treated with pulsed ultrasonic stimulation were found to have significantly greater number and area of regenerated axons at the midconduit of implanted grafts, as compared to the sham groups. Ultrasonic stimulation on silicone groups was found to induce a mass of fibrous tissues that covered the nerve conduits and retarded axon regeneration. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN: 1552-4973
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所



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