Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/41655
標題: Phase-transfer catalyzed allylation of sodium phenoxide in a solid-liquid system
作者: Yang, H.M.
楊鴻銘
Wu, C.M.
關鍵字: phase-transfer catalysis
solid-liquid system
allylation
sodium
phenoxide
kinetics
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Molecular Catalysis a-Chemical, Volume 153, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 83-91.
摘要: The kinetics for the O-allylation of sodium phenoxide with allyl bromide was investigated in the presence of phase-transfer catalyst in a solid-liquid system. The reaction was carried out in a stirred batch reactor under very mild operating conditions. The role of phase-transfer catalytic intermediate in the solid-liquid system was explored. Effects of various operating variables were performed. When the degree of agitation exceeded 200 rpm, the mass transfer resistance at the solid-liquid interface can be ignored. A kinetic model was proposed for the solid-liquid etherification and the experimental data were well described by the pseudo-first-order equation. The apparent activation energy was also obtained as 60.92 kJ mol(-1) for tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (TBAB) as the catalyst. Experimental results also show that C-alkylation of sodium phenoxide with allyl bromide would not occur under the appropriate phase-transfer conditions. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/41655
ISSN: 1381-1169
文章連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1381-1169(99)00304-0
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