Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/41995
標題: Modification of Cu nanoparticles with a disulfide for polyimide metallization
作者: Dow, W.P.
竇維平
Liao, G.L.
Huang, S.E.
Chen, S.W.
關鍵字: selective surface modification
scanning-tunneling-microscopy
self-assembled monolayers
copper electrodeposition
seed layer
wet
process
film
ion
adsorption
adhesion
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 18, Page(s) 3600-3609.
摘要: Copper metallization on polyimide films was carried out via a wet chemical process. This process included the chemical reaction of KOH with PI to form poly(amic acid) (PAA), ion exchange of doped K(+) with Cu(2+) to form Cu(2+)-doped PAA, doped Cu(2+) reduction by aqueous dimethylamine borane (DMAB) to form copper nanoparticles (CNPs) on PAA, and electroless copper (ELC) deposition catalyzed by CNPs on PAA. An organic additive, namely, bis(3-sulfopropyl)-disulfide (SPS), that can effectively reduce the size of CNPs and significantly enhance the chemical activity of CNPs for ELC deposition was used in this work. For comparison, doped Cu(2+) ions in the PAA were also reduced by hydrogen gas at 350 degrees C. The results show that only aqueous reductants can induce the reduced copper atoms to aggregate on the PAA surface and to form a granular copper layer that acts as a catalyst for the ELC deposition. Mechanisms for the aggregation of copper atoms and for activity enhancement of the CNPs due to SPS addition in the DMAB solution are proposed according to the evidence obtained from Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The CNP-coated PAA films and the structures of the ELC deposits were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-visible spectrophotometry (UV-Vis), respectively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/41995
ISSN: 0959-9428
文章連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b920626d
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