Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/45154
標題: Fermentative hydrogen production from starch using natural mixed cultures
作者: Lin, Chiu-Yue
Chang, Chao-Chi
Hung, Chun-Hsiung
關鍵字: Fermentation
Hydrogen production
Paper mill sludge microflora
PH
Starch
出版社: Elsevier Ltd.
摘要: Batch and continuous tests were conducted to evaluate fermentative hydrogen production from starch (at a concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD) 20 g/L) at 35 °C by a natural mixed culture of paper mill wastewater treatment sludge. The optimal initial cultivation pH (tested range 5-7) and substrate concentration (tested range 5-60-gCOD/L) were evaluated by batch reactors while the effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT) on hydrogen production, as expressed by hydrogen yield (HY) and hydrogen production rate (HPR), were evaluated by continuous tests. The experimental results indicate that the initial cultivation pH markedly affected HY, maximum HPR, liquid fermentation product concentration and distribution, butyrate/acetate concentration ratio and metabolic pathway. The optimal initial cultivation pH was 5.5 with peak values of HY 1.1 mol-H2/mol-hexose maximum HPR 10.4 mmol-H2/L/h and butyrate concentration 7700 mg-COD/L. In continuous hydrogen fermentation, the optimal HRT was 4 h with peak HY of 1.5 mol-H2/mol-hexose, peak HPR of 450 mmol-H2/L/d and lowest butyrate concentration of 3000 mg-COD/L. The HPR obtained was 280% higher than reported values. A shift in dominant hydrogen-producing microbial population along with HRT variation was observed with Clostridium butyricum, C. pasteurianum, Klebshilla pneumoniae, Streptococcus sp., and Pseudomonas sp. being present at efficient hydrogen production at the HRTs of 4-6 h. Strategies based on the experimental results for optimal hydrogen production from starch are proposed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/45154
ISSN: 0360-3199
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