Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/45336
標題: Induction of ROS formation, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activation, and cell death by PCB126 and PCB153 in human T47D and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells
作者: Lin, C.H.
林伯雄
Lin, P.H.
關鍵字: PCBs
PARP-1 activation
oxidative stress
DNA repair
base excision-repair
polychlorinated-biphenyls pcbs
induced oxidative
stress
vascular endothelial-cells
cerebellar granule cells
dna strand
breaks
in-vitro
subchronic exposure
reactive oxygen
ligase-iii
期刊/報告no:: Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 162, Issue 2, Page(s) 181-194.
摘要: PCB126, is associated with induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) activation, and cell death inhuman T47D and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Results indicated that PCB 153 and PCB 126 induced concentration- and time-dependent increases in cytotoxic response and ROS formation in both T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells. At non-cytotoxic concentrations both PCB153 and PCB126 induced decreases in intracellular NAD(P)H and NAD(+) in T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells where T47D cells were more resistant to PCB-induced reduction in intracellular NAD(P)H than MDA-MB-231 cells. Further investigation indicated that three specific PARP inhibitors completely blocked PCB-induced decreases in intracellular NAD(P)H in both T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells. These results imply that decreases in intracellular NAD(P)H in PCB-treated cells may be, in part, due to depletion of intracellular NAD(+) pool mediated by PARP-1 activation through formation of DNA strand breaks. Overall, the extent of cytotoxic response, ROS formation, and PARP-I activation generated in T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells was greater for PCB 153 than for PCB 126. In addition, the cytotoxicity induced by PCB 153 and PCB 126 in both T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells was completely blocked by co-treatment of catalase, dimethylsulfoxide, cupper (I)-/iron (II)-specific chelators, and CYP1A/2B inhibitors. This evidence suggests the involvement of ROS, Cu(I), Fe(II), and CYP1A/2B enzymes in mediating the induction of cell death by PCB153 and PCB126. Further, antagonism was observed between PCB126 and PCB153 for effects on cytotoxic response and ROS formation in T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells. Antagonism was also observed between PCB153 and PCB 126 in the induction of NAD(P)H depletion at lower concentration (< 10 mu M) in T47D cells, but not in MDA-MB-231 cells. In conclusions, results from our investigation suggest that ROS formation induced by PCBs is a significant determinant factor in mediating the DNA damage and cell death in human breast cancer cells. The data also suggests that the status of estrogen receptor alpha may play a role in modulating the PCB-induced oxidative DNA damage and cell death in human breast cancer cells. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/45336
ISSN: 0009-2797
文章連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2006.06.009
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