Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/45541
標題: Characterization of chemical species in atmospheric aerosols in a metropolitan basin
作者: Tsai, Y.I.
鄭曼婷
Cheng, M.T.
關鍵字: urban PM10
chemical composition
sulfur oxidation ratio
nitrogen
oxidation ratio
principal component analysis
southern taiwan
fine particles
visibility
pm10
area
sulfate
carbon
ozone
asia
期刊/報告no:: Chemosphere, Volume 54, Issue 8, Page(s) 1171-1181.
摘要: Ambient PM10 aerosol samples were collected from Taiwan's Taichung metropolitan basin between October 1997 and January 1998, and their chemical characteristics studied. The average mass concentration of PM10 was 109.0+/-54.1 mug/m(3). Carbonaceous materials, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium were the most important contributors to the PM10 component. On average, 64% of the PM10 was made up of fine particles. During PM10 episodes, average wind speed was 0.7 m/s and relative humidity was high, 83% on average, probably giving rise to stagnation of air pollutants and their entrapment close to the surface. With relative humidity <70%, NO3-, NH4+, SO42-, carbonaceous materials, and PM10 mass showed high correlation with maximum hourly average ozone (O3M). Variation in atmospheric humidity may affect the gas-to-particle interactions of S and N species. The most significant contribution to PM10 in the Taichung urban basin was from the photochemical formation of secondary aerosols and carbonaceous materials in the atmospheric environment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/45541
ISSN: 0045-6535
文章連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2003.09.021
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