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|標題:||Rainfall duration and debris-flow initiated studies for real-time monitoring|
|期刊/報告no：:||Environmental Geology, Volume 47, Issue 5, Page(s) 715-724.|
|摘要:||A rainfall-induced debris flow warning is implemented employing real-time rain gauge The pre-warning for the time of landslide triggering derives the threshold or critical rainfall from historical events involving regional rainfall patterns and geological conditions. In cases of debris flow, the time taken cumulative runoff, yield abundant water for debris triggering, is an important index needs monitoring. In gathered historical cases, rainfall time history data from the nearest rain gauge stations to debris-flow sites connected to debris. ow are used to define relationships between the rainfall intensity and duration. The effects by which the regional patterns (antecedent rainfall, duration, intensity, cumulative rainfall) and geological settings combine together to trigger a debris-flow are analyzed for real-time monitoring. The analyses focused on 61 historical hazard events with the timing of debris flow initiation and rainfall duration to burst debris-flow characteristics recorded. A combination of averaged rainfall intensity and duration is a more practical index for debris-flow monitoring than critical or threshold rainfall intensity. Because, the outburst timing of debris flows correlates closely to the peak hourly rainfall and the forecasting of peak hourly rainfall reached in a meteorological event could be a valuable index for real-time debris-flow warning.|
|Appears in Collections:||水土保持學系|
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