Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5012
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dc.contributor蘇弘毅zh_TW
dc.contributor張禎祐zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor謝永旭zh_TW
dc.contributor.author林惠曼zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLin, Hui-Manen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2012zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:33:48Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:33:48Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2006201122423100zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/5012-
dc.description.abstract利用溶膠凝膠法製備光觸媒,以鑭系離子(Nd、Sm、La)摻雜於TiO2進行改質,其光催化活性以Acid Red 27作為光解目標污染物。透過場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡(FE-SEM)、化學分析電子能譜儀(ESCA)、X-ray繞射儀(XRD)及表面零電荷點pH值(pHzpc)進行分析及研究TiO2之結構性質,並經由Acid Red 27於紫外光及可見光之鑭系金屬改質後的觸媒進行光催化活性與吸附能力實驗。 經由FE-SEM及XRD等特性分析結果顯示,製備TiO2光觸媒其結構均勻,顆粒粒徑約為30 nm,結晶晶型以銳鈦礦為主;而由鑭系金屬改質之光觸媒顆粒大小一致,均小於15 nm,晶型轉變為銳鈦礦與金紅石複合型晶型,且隨著鑭系金屬的添加量提升金紅石的比例也隨之增加。 ESCA結果顯示,添加鑭系金屬於二氧化鈦不會造成表面二氧化鈦之氧化數的改變,而釹可能以Nd0與Nd3+存在於二氧化鈦表面;釤可能以Sm3+存在觸媒表面;鑭可能以La3+存在於二氧化鈦表面;pHzpc結果顯示,添加鑭系金屬的二氧化鈦有較高之pHzpc。經過FTIR證明其可破壞染料中之偶氮鍵進而達到脫色的效果,也可進一步降低溶液TOC。 以紫外光及可見光進行光催化活性實驗之脫色與礦化反應試驗,結果顯示,紫外光系統中,在pH4與7在脫色與礦化方面有較顯著效果。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractLanthanide ions (Nd3+﹐Sm3+ and La3+) doped TiO2 nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by sol-gel method. Their photocatalytic activities were evaluated that using Acid Red 27(AR27) as a decomposition objective. The structural features of TiO2 and lanthanide ions/TiO2 were investigated by Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis system (ESCA), X-ray diffractometer(XRD) and Partical size and zeta potential analyzer(pHzpc). The adsorption abilities and photocatalytic activity of Lanthanide ions-TiO2 were evaluated by AR 27 degradation under UV light and visible light illumination. The XRD pattern of TiO2 presents is only anatase phases, but Lanthanide-TiO2 presents are both anatase and rutile phases. The contents of the rutile phase increased with increase of the molar ratio of Lanthanide-TiO2. The SEM image of the Lanthanide-TiO2 showed particles of regular shape with smaller size <15 nm compare to the TiO2, which presented uniform particles of spherical structure and larger size about 30 nm. The valence number of Nd-TiO2 photocatalyst were not altered and Neodymium on TiO2 structure was in the status of Nd0 and Nd3+;Samarium on TiO2 structure was in the status of Sm3+;Lanthanum on TiO2 structure was in the status of La3+. The pHzpc of Lanthanide-TiO2 phtotcatalyst were hight than pure TiO2. The result presented that the Lanthanide-TiO2 is powerful to treat dye ,color and TOC. In the FTIR spectrum, the peaks of N=N double bond was eliminated after the Lanthanide-TiO2 reaction. Compare with TiO2, the Lanthanide-TiO2 have better response of UV light and visible light. In UV light and visible light system, at pH 4 and 7 have better discoloration and mineralization.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要...............................................i Abstract..........................................ii 目錄...............................................iii 表目錄.............................................vi 圖目錄.............................................vii 第一章 緒論.........................................1 1-1 研究緣起........................................1 1-2 研究目的........................................2 第二章 文獻回顧......................................3 2-1 染整廢水影響與管制標準.............................3 2-2 染料基本結構及性質................................5 2-3 染整製程及污染源特性..............................10 2-4 染整廢水處理方法.................................12 2-5 半導體光觸媒材料.................................14 2-6 光化學反應與分類.................................15 2-7 光催化反應機制及原理..............................19 2-8 二氧化鈦結晶型態與表面特性.........................23 2-9 奈米粉末製備方法.................................25 2-9-1 溶膠凝膠法(Sol-Gel...........................26 2-9-2 化學氣相沉積法(Chemical Vapor Deposition,CVD)28 2-9-3 水熱法(Hydrothermal method).................29 2-9-4 含浸法(Impregnation)........................29 2-10 二氧化鈦改質與製備..............................29 第三章 研究架構與方法................................35 3-1 實驗方法.......................................35 3-2 實驗藥品.......................................37 3-3 實驗設備及儀器 ..................................38 3-4 實驗方法........................................40 3-4-1 TiO2光觸媒溶膠凝膠製備原理.......................40 3-4-2 TiO2光觸媒製備步驟..............................44 3-4-3 鑭系金屬改質TiO2光觸媒之製備......................45 3-5 實驗方法分析......................................46 3-5-1 比表面積測定儀(BET,Surface Analyzer)..........46 3-5-2 高解析X光繞射儀(High resolution X-ray diffractometer , HRXRD)..............................................46 3-5-3 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡(Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope,FE-SEM).................................47 3-5-4 紫外-可見光光譜儀(UV-Vis Spectrophotometer)......47 3-5-5 動態光散射粒徑分析儀及界面電位分析儀(Particle Size and Zeta Potential Analyzer).................................48 3-5-6 傅立葉紅外光譜儀(FT-IR Spectrophotometer Analyzerr)49 3-5-7 總有機碳分析儀(Total Organic Carbon..............49 3-5-8 化學分析電子能譜儀(Electron Spectroscope for Chemical Analysis,ESCA)......................................50 3-6 光催化反應測試......................................52 第四章 結果與討論.......................................53 4-1 光觸媒性質鑑定......................................53 4-1-1 比表面積分析......................................53 4-1-2 SEM/EDS分析......................................55 4-1-3 X射線繞射(XRD)晶格結構分析.........................63 4-1-4動態光散射粒徑分析儀及界達電位分析儀(Particle Size and Zeta Potential Analyzer)...................................66 4-1-5 化學分析電子能譜儀(Electron Spectroscope for Chemical Analysis,ESCA)分析....................................69 4-1-6 傅立葉紅外光譜儀(FT-IR Spectrophotometer Analyzer)分析 ...................................................... 79 4-2 光觸媒光催化實驗......................................83 4-2-1 背景實驗...........................................83 4-2-2 光觸媒光催化能力....................................90 4-2-3 溶液pH值效應.......................................96 4-3 中間產物分析.........................................101 第五章 結論與建議.........................................103 5-1結論.................................................103 5-2建議.................................................104 參考文獻.................................................105zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWzh_TW
dc.publisher環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2006201122423100en_US
dc.subject二氧化鈦zh_TW
dc.subject紫外光催化zh_TW
dc.subject可見光催化zh_TW
dc.subject溶膠凝膠法zh_TW
dc.subject含鑭系金屬(釹、釤、鑭)之二氧化鈦zh_TW
dc.subject偶氮染料zh_TW
dc.subjectTiO2zh_TW
dc.subjectPhotocatalystic under UV lighzh_TW
dc.subjectPhotocatalystic under visible lightzh_TW
dc.subjectSol-gel methodzh_TW
dc.subjectLanthanide(Nd、Sm、La)-TiO2zh_TW
dc.subjectAcid Red 27zh_TW
dc.title以鑭系金屬Nd、Sm、La改質二氧化鈦光催化降解染料Acid Red 27之研究zh_TW
dc.titleStudy on the Photocatalytic Degradation of Acid Red 27 Using TiO2 Modified by Nd、Sm、Lazh_TW
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
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