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|標題:||The LLA23 protein translocates into nuclei shortly before desiccation in developing pollen grains and regulates gene expression in Arabidopsis|
|期刊/報告no：:||Protoplasma, Volume 233, Issue 3-4, Page(s) 241-254.|
|摘要:||We have isolated the LLA23 gene in the pollen of Lilium longiflorum. The LLA23 gene encodes an ASR (named after abscisic acid, stress and ripening) protein that has a nuclear localization sequence at the C terminus. The gene is interrupted by one single intron and possesses a long 5'-untranslated region. Southern blots of lily genomic DNA indicated that LLA23 is a member of a small gene family. We examined the link between LLA23 location and the desiccation that naturally occurs in developing anthers using immunogold labeling. When pollen reached maturity, a significant increase in LLA23 labeling was observed in the nuclei of both vegetative and generative cells from 10- to 12-cm buds and thereafter. This clearly demonstrates that a marked increase in LLA23 translocation from the cytoplasm to both nuclei of pollen grains occurs in 12-cm buds, a stage shortly before the commencement of desiccation during anther development. In addition, microarray analysis showed that 410 (206 up-regulated and 204 down-regulated) genes have altered expression in LLA23-overexpressing plants. Quantitative PCR analysis confirmed the changes in mRNA levels observed in our microarray analysis. This genome-wide overview of gene expression supports the theory that LLA23 acts as a regulator.|
|Appears in Collections:||生物科技學研究所|
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