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標題: 界面活性劑增效電動力技術復育受五氯酚污染土壤之探討
Surfactant-enhanced Electrokinetic Remediation of Pentachlorophenol from Soil
作者: 鄧禮浩
Deng, Li-Hao
關鍵字: 五氯酚
Pentachlorophenol (PCP)
Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS)
Electrokinetic remediation
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 五氯酚為疏水性有機污染物,早期主要使用於木材防腐及農業用殺蟲劑,造成污染來源主要來自工廠製造、搬運過程中外洩流入土壤中,這些含氯有機污染物容易被土壤有機質所吸附而形成長期性污染。 本研究以陰離子界面活性劑為操作液,所選用的界面活性劑是十二烷基苯磺酸鈉 (SDBS),利用SDBS可以增加疏水性有機污染物溶解度的特性,提昇電動力復育五氯酚污染之高嶺土。處理過程中,探討操作液置放陽極槽或陰極槽對移除土壤中五氯酚之影響,並觀察系統電流變化、操作液pH值、電滲透流及污染物濃度。 實驗結果顯示,SDBS在不同pH下都可使五氯酚增加溶解度,且對於含五氯酚之土壤,SDBS濃度在大於1000 mg/L開始逐漸提高脫附效率,有效去除土壤中五氯酚。在電動力系統中,以SDBS作為陽極槽操作液時,由於電流量不高而無法以電滲透流將土壤中五氯酚帶至陰極槽移除;而以SDBS作為陰極槽操作液時,大量的SDBS會往陽極移動,使遷移至靠近陽極端土壤累積的五氯酚會與SDBS形成微胞,再溶於水中移動至陽極槽而去除,在電壓為3 V/cm、操作時間為10天時,操作液SDBS (6000 mg/L SDBS/0.005 M NaCl)置放陰極槽,其五氯酚移除率有23.37%。
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a highly chlorinated organic compound that has been extensively used as a pesticide, particularly in the wood preservation industry. Due to its stable aromatic ring structure and high chlorine content, PCP is persistent in the environment, and it has become one of the most widespread contaminants in soil and water. The objective of this study was to investigate the removal of PCP from the kaolinite using electrokinetic method in the presence of surfactants. An anionic surfactant, Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS) was used to enhance the solubility of PCP. It was found that the removal of PCP was limited in the electrokinetic remediation when SDBS was used as the anodic electrolyte solution. This was attributed to that PCP transport toward the anode overcame the opposite electrosmotic flows. On the other hand, using SDBS as the cathodic electrolyte solution removed 23.37% of PCP from kaolinite. This was attributed to PCP transport toward the anode within the negatively charged micelles.
其他識別: U0005-2706201115491500
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