Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5144
標題: 以生物濾床法處理臭味物質之研究
Removal of Odors with Compost-based Air Biofilters
作者: 余雅芳
Yu, Ya-Fang
關鍵字: compost-based air biofilter
生物濾床
methyl mercaptan
dimethylsulfide
trimethylanime
臭味物質
甲硫醇
二甲基硫
三甲基胺
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 工業製程中所排放的廢氣及廢水往往挾帶著臭味物質(odors)的產生,這些臭味物質若未經妥善處理任意其溢散到大氣中,不但會造成環境危害亦會導致公害糾紛事件。傳統上臭味物質之去除主要是利用化學或物理方法,如洗滌法、吸附法及氧化法。然而,近年來生物濾床法已被證實在去除臭味物質上是一有效且經濟的處理方法。 本實驗將以堆肥式生物濾床(堆肥混塑膠球的比例為60:40)進行臭味物質處理,對像物種包括甲硫醇、二甲基硫及三甲基胺,分別將此三類臭味氣體導入生物濾床中,進行效能測試及操作條件之建立,期望能夠解決目前環境中的臭味溢散問題。 以堆肥生物濾床處理甲硫醇、二甲基硫及三甲基胺的進流濃度範圍分別為20~30 ppmv、20~80 ppmv及50~150 ppmv,其空床停留時間(empty-bed residence time, EBRT)則從90 sec逐漸縮短至30 sec。由實驗結果中發現,處理甲硫醇的有機硫負荷在4.74 g-S/m3‧h條件下,去除效率可達80 %;處理二甲基硫的有機硫負荷在11.85 g-S/m3‧h條件下,去除效率可達86 %;至於三甲基胺的有機氮負荷在10.37 g-N /m3‧h條件下,去除效率可達73 %左右。三組濾床元素平衡之回收率,於碳平衡均可達到97 %以上,而甲硫醇及二甲基硫之硫平衡則可達86 %以上,三甲基胺之氮平衡可達85 %以上,以上結果顯示本試驗系統操作情況良好,且各實驗數據都具有一定的準確性。
The odors emitted from industrial factories, wastewater treatment plants, and sanitary landfills may produce adverse effects on the public health as well as welfare. Odors have traditionally been treated using physicochemical processes such as scrubbing, adsorption and oxidation. Recently, biofilters have been proven to be cost-effective for the control of odors from air stream. This study employs a compost-based air biofilter (a compost/plastic media volume ratio of 60/40) for treating odors from air stream including methyl mercaptan (MM), dimethylsulfide (DMS) and trimethylamine (TMA) under different gas flow rates and influent concentrations. The optimum operating conditions of biofilter to reach efficient performance was thus established. The inlet concentration ranges of MM, DMS and TMA are 20-30 ppmv, 20- 80 ppmv and 50-150 ppmv, respectively, while the empty-bed residence time (EBRT) range is 30-90 sec. The results show, MM removal efficiency achieved 80% when influent sulfur loading was 4.74 g-S/m3‧h. DMS removal efficiency achieved 86% when influent sulfur loading was 11.85 g-S/m3‧h. TMA removal efficiency achieved 73% when influent nitrogen loading was 10.37 g-N/m3‧h. Carbon recoveries of the three odors achieved >97%, sulfur recoveries for MM and DMS achieved >86 %, and nitrogen recovery of TMA achieved >85 %. This indicated the stable operation in the biofilter and the accuracy of test results.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5144
其他識別: U0005-1306200616031800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1306200616031800
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