Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5259
標題: 倉儲式掩埋工法之系統研究-以南投縣竹山鎮衛生掩埋場規劃為例
Design of Closed-System Disposal Facilities. Using the landfill scheme at Jhushan town of Nantou county
作者: 李宗儒
Li, Tzung Ru
關鍵字: Closed-System Disposal Facilities
倉儲式掩埋工法
zero discharge
sustainable
plastic wood
零排放
永續化
塑膠木材
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 傳統的掩埋場總被視為垃圾的最終處理設施,不能重複利用,掩埋場呈現飽和狀態就封閉使用,封閉後則進行復育計畫,且經常衍生環境上之諸多污染問題,致使近幾年設置掩埋場之計畫屢屢窒礙難行,未來台灣地區之土地取得將會越來越困難,特別是在人口密集都市地區,因此廢棄物之處置工法上必須採用突破性的創新思維來全面推動轉型與改善。 倉儲式掩埋工法(Closed-System Disposal Facilities)為日本近幾年來發展卓越優異之廢棄物掩埋新工法,該工法特有的被覆設施、環境管理模式及景観高度融合性,可將雨水、塵土和臭氣等有效的抑制,更因為減少了雨水的進入、與污水的滲出,掩埋場滲出水達到零排放的目標,成為零廢棄的永續化重要設施。 本研究融合倉儲式掩埋工法所探討的各項設計原理與規劃理念,採南投縣竹山鎮衛生掩埋場現況,研擬規劃出可行之倉儲式掩埋系統方案;該方案中設計一般生垃圾經前處理設備分選後,將分類之廢棄物暫存保管,待未來資源化技術推展後再將其取出使用。底渣與飛灰則個別存放,未來營運期間將針對其安定化、灑水量、灰塵及再利用技術等進行相關的研究與探討,並成為全台首座之研究模場。 預期未來該倉儲式掩埋場分類之資源物、廢塑膠及廢紙類將製作成塑膠木材,木竹、纖維布則回收利用,底渣與飛灰則應用於各項建設材料中。外觀部分則融合竹山鎮周遭生態環境,滲出水朝零排放之永續利用目標。因此,居民接受性將會提升,讓倉儲式掩埋場未來具有無法估計之經濟效益。 本研究冀能從中發掘出解決台灣傳統掩埋場之舊有污染問題,並推動符合國內經濟環境條件之倉儲式掩埋場興建計畫,以融合景觀綠建築淘汰傳統掩埋場,爭取民眾支持的環保建設,並提供日後本國規劃設計倉儲式掩埋場時之重要參考依據。
The traditional landfill is always considered as a final disposal site. It can not be reused and the time limit is fixed to 40 to 50 years only. In addition, it may cause a number of adverse environmental impacts which make great obstacles to the construction projects. Furthermore, to obtain a proper land for the landfill is getting more and more difficult, especially in the population-intensive area. Thus, the traditional waste disposal facility has to be reviewed and an innovated facility needs to be developed. Close-System Disposal Facility is an excellent new method created in recent years in Japan. With its particular cover system and environmental management model, and with its goal of establishing a zero-discharge disposal site, this facility can eliminate rainwater penetration and control efficiently the volume of wastewater and land gas as well. At the same time, with its high level of landscape integration, it becomes an important sustainable facility. This study aim at designing a feasible project for the Sanitary Landfill of Tsu Shan, Nan-Tou County, based on the theories and concepts established by the Close-System Disposal Facility. After the pre-treatment of the original garbage, all the sorted garbage is stored temporarily. These storages will be re-treated in the future when the techniques come to maturity. The bottom ash and fly ash will be stored separately, and the further studies will be made to the stabilisation, dust and watering system and reuse techniques during its operation period. By this Close System Disposal Facility, it is expected that all the waste paper and plastic would be transformed as plastic wood; the bottom ash and the fly ash would be used in all kind of construction materials while the fabrics, bamboo and wood could be recycled. Furthermore, the policy of zero-discharge should be continued and the exterior appearance of landfill should be integrated to the original Tsu San environmental surrounding. Consenquetly, the acceptability of local residents would be raised and the future economic benefits of Close System landfill could be expected. The purpose of this study is trying to solve the pollution problems of traditional landfill in Taiwan and promote the construction project of Close System Disposal Landfill which highly conforms to the current economic environment. In addition, to establish a sustainable landfill instead of the traditional one to prevent the opposition from the local residents is essential. Therefore, this study is an important reference for the policy makers to establish a Close-System Landfill in the future in Taiwan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5259
其他識別: U0005-0708200715300700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0708200715300700
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