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dc.contributorLen-Fu Changen_US
dc.contributorYang-Kwang Fanen_US
dc.contributorKuen-Yuh Wuen_US
dc.contributorWen-Yih Sunen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBen-Jei Tsuangen_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, Po-Jenen_US
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dc.description.abstract南投縣西臨台中都會區,東臨中央山脈,當西邊的戴奧辛隨氣流往東傳輸後,易累加於南投縣境內。此外因近年鄰近南投縣之大型焚化爐已有數座完成運轉,焚化爐又為戴奧辛的污染源之一。因此為瞭解南投縣境內的戴奧辛污染特性和來源,本研究藉由實際採樣結果和GTx模式模擬結果,共同分析南投縣是否可能受臨近縣市焚化爐影響和境內的戴奧辛特性。本研究中所涵蓋之廣泛污染源地區中,主要針對八種不同戴奧辛排放類別和三個不同地區,進行戴奧辛物種特徵,氣象條件和地形因素之分析研究。 本研究中,郊區、交通地段和背景區各測站大氣中的戴奧辛濃度分別為0.11、0.17和0.0095 pg I-TEQ/m3。而且,牧草中PCDD/Fs在常割草部分,其12 %含水率下總毒性當量濃度分別為0.18、0.9和0.15 pg WHO-TEQ/g。而在不常割草部分,12 %含水率下其總毒性當量濃度分別為0.33、1.5和0.13 pg WHO-TEQ/g。 利用三測站採集結果所得之特徵指標和軌跡模擬可知,郊區地點除可能受焚化爐、電弧爐和交通源的影響外,也包含銅鋁二次熔融所;竹山測站則以含焚化爐(事業及醫療廢棄物)、燒結爐、電弧爐、銅二次熔融、柴油車和汽油車為主要來源。模式顯示當北風或東北風盛行時,容易使污染物從此缺口灌入,因此當北風盛行時,也易使戴奧辛傳輸至南投縣竹山、水里一帶而增加濃度。本研究結果發現,利用GTx軌跡模式和大氣及牧草檢測數據、戴奧辛物種特徵,更能明確了解到戴奧辛於污染源和受體點之間的相關性。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe Nantou County locates on the eastern site of Taichung city and on the western site of Central Mountain Range. Thus, it is easily to accumulate dioxin in Nantou with the air parcel transferred from western sources. Additionally, several incinerators have already operated in west Taiwan recently, and these also are important dioxins sources. For understanding dioxins characters and sources in the Nantou County, this study analyzes impact range and dioxins characters of near incinerators by measurement and GTx modeling. We considered eight major categories of PCDD/Fs emission sources and three different locations, to cover a wide range of sourcecharacteristic, PCDD/Fs congener profiles, meteorological conditions and terrain configurations. The atmospheric dioxins concentrations in suburban site, traffic arteries site and background station were 0.11, 0.17 and 0.0095 pg I-TEQ/m3, respectively. Moreover, the dioxins concentrations of the grass cut frequently were 0.18, 0.9 and 0.15 pg WHO-TEQ/g, and the dioxins concentrations of the grass cut ifnfrequently were 0.33, 1.5 and 0.13 pg WHO-TEQ/g with a moisture content of 12 %. The characteristic index and model simulations could be founded that suburban site was not only impacted by incinerators, electric arc furnaces and traffic source, but also impacted by copper and aluminum smelters. For traffic arteries station, the main sources were metropolitan solids wastes incinerators, medical wastes incinerators, sinter plants, electric arc furnaces, copper smelters, diesel-fueled vehicles and unleaded gas-fueled vehicles. The model also showed that pollutants were easily transferred into Chushan in north and northeast wind system. Therefore, the north wind system would facilitate the dioxins transporting into Chushan and Shuili, and leaded the dioxins concentrations increasing. This study showed that using the GTx model, atmospheric monitoring data, the pasture examination data and PCDD/Fs congener profiles can explicitly understand the relationship of PCDD/Fs between the source and the receptor.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents第一章 前言 1 1.1研究緣起 1 1.2研究方法 2 1.3研究預期成果 2 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2.1 前言 3 2.2 戴奧辛特性 3 2.2.1 戴奧辛物理化學特性 3 2.2.2 戴奧辛毒理特性 5 2.3 戴奧辛來源和管制現況 8 2.3.1大氣環境中戴奧辛來源 8 2.3.2 台灣戴奧辛管制現況 8 2.3.3 戴奧辛排放源—固定源 11 2.3.4 戴奧辛排放源—移動源 12 2.4 環境中戴奧辛分佈 16 2.4.1 大氣戴奧辛濃度分佈 16 2.4.2 戴奧辛於環境中粒徑分佈 18 2.5 戴奧辛各排放源指標性物種 18 2.6 軌跡模擬原理及應用 21 2.6.1高斯煙流理論 21 2.6.2軌跡模式之相關應用 22 2.6.3模擬相關機制 24 2.6.4 模式模擬統計結果 25 第三章 研究方法 26 3.1 氣象資料處理 26 3.2 排放量資料處理 30 3.2.1 固定污染源 30 3.2.2 移動污染源 36 3.3 現址實驗與採樣 40 3.4 戴奧辛採樣/分析方法 43 3.4.1 PS-1高量採樣器 43 3.4.2 流量校正 45 3.4.3 大氣戴奧辛採樣方法 49 3.4.4 標準採樣體積計算 51 第四章 戴奧辛檢測分析結果 52 4.1 南投縣境內戴奧辛大氣採樣之濃度 52 4.1.1 郊區(採樣點S) 52 4.1.2 下風處(採樣點D) 55 4.1.3 背景區(採樣點B) 57 4.2 南投縣境內戴奧辛牧草採樣之濃度 62 4.2.1 郊區(採樣點S) 62 4.2.2 下風處(採樣點D) 65 4.2.3 背景區(採樣點B) 67 4.3 指紋比對大氣中戴奧辛可能污染來源 70 4.4 小結 73 第五章 軌跡模式之案例討論 75 5.1 順軌跡模式案例研究 75 5.1.1 順軌跡案例研究(一) 2006年8月 75 5.1.2 順軌跡案例研究(二) 2006年9月 83 5.1.3 順軌跡案例研究(三) 2006年11月 88 5.2 逆軌跡之案例研究 95 5.3 小結 104 第六章 結論與建議 107 6.1 結論 107 6.2 建議 109 參考文獻 110 附錄一 中部地區23家排放源之戴奧辛物種特徵圖 121 附錄二 歐盟國家飼料之戴奧辛標準 131 附錄三 GTx模式模擬中部四縣市之固定源所需戴奧辛排放量資料 135 附錄四 鄉鎮代碼 139zh_TW
dc.titleThe source/receptor relationship of PCDD/PCDFs identified by a trajectory modelen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所


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