Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 以生物濾床法處理混合臭味物質之研究
Removal of Mix Odors with Compost-based Air Biofilters
作者: 李秋緻
Lee, Cheng-Chuh
關鍵字: compost-based air biofilter
mix odors
methyl mercaptan
出版社: 環境工程學系所
引用: 環檢所檢測方法 水中剴氏氮檢測方法NIEK W451.50B 周明顯、鄭文熙(1994)以生物濾床法處理揮發性有機物-本土化濾 材篩選研究。第十一屆空氣污染控制技術研討會,P.153~165. 張則周等箸中華土壤堆肥學會主編(1995)土壤分析手冊,第二版, 中華土壤肥料學會,臺北市。 高銘木、李春樹、鄭春長、吳新富、蘇振昇(1996)生物濾床去除畜 殖堆肥場臭味之模廠試驗研究,第十三屆空氣污染防治技術研討會論文集,P.175~179. 朱振華、盧重興、林明瑞(1997)以生物濾床法處理含BTEX廢氣程 序控制之研究。第十四屆空氣污染控制技術研討會,P.63~70. 朱振華(1998)生物濾床處理含BTEX廢棄程序控制之研究。國立中興大 學環境工程學系碩士論文。 勞工安全衛生研究所(2000)物質安全資料表。 魏銀河(2000)生物濾床處理五種樹脂工廠混合混合VOCs廢氣之研 究。國立中興大學環境工程學系碩士論文。 周明顯(2001)廢水處理廠揮發性有禨物排放量推估及防治技術評 估。行政院環保署九十年度空氣污染防治基金科技計畫。 林志芳(2002)以理論探討生物濾床法處理VOCs之研究。國立中興大 學環境工程學系碩士論文。 許世杰(2003)生物濾床法實場操作之研究。國立中興大學環境工程 學系碩士論文。 郭至庭(2004)生物濾床之快速啟動及最佳化濾料之研究,國立中興 大學環工系碩士論文。 余雅芳(2005)以生物濾床法處理臭味物質之研究,國立中興大學環工系碩士論文。 Acuna, M. E., Villanueva, C., Cardenas, Christen, P., and Revah, S. (2002). “The Effect of Nutrient Concentration on Biofilm Formation on Peat and Gas Phase Toluene Biodegration Under Biofiltration Conditions.” Pro. Biochem., Vol. 38, pp.7~13. Bardtke D., Fischer K., Sabo F. (1987).“Air purification with biofilters, field of application and design criteria, in: Proceedings of the 80th Annual Meeting and Exhibition of Air andWaste Management Association.” Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 87–106D3. Cao N.J., Du J.X., (1997). “Production of fumaric acid by immobilized Rhizopus using rotary biofilm contactor.” Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 63, pp. 387–394. Chang C.T., Chen B.Y., Shiu, I.S., Jeng F.T. (2004).“Biofiltration of Trimethylamine-containing Waste Gas by Entrapped Mixed Microbial Cells.” Chemosphere.Vol.55, pp. 751–756. Chan, W. C. and Zheng, R.X.(2005).“A New Synthetic Biofiltration Material: Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Pig Manure Compost Composite Beads.” Chem. Technol. Biotechno., Vol.80, pp.574~580. Devinny ,J. S., and Hodge, D. S.(1995).“Formation of Acidic and Toxic Intermediates in Overloaded Ethanol Biofilter.” J. Air & Waste Mgmt. Assn., Vol. 45, pp.125~131. Dharmararam, S., Casey, J., Timmermans, T., and Van, C. L. (1993).“Experimental Evaluation of a Biofiltration Unit for Removal of Acetone” Proc. Air & Waste Mgmt. Assn. 86th, Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Don, J.A. and Feenstra L. (1984).“ Odour abatement through biofiltration,In proceedings of Symposium on Characterization and Control of Odoriferous pollutants in Process Industries:Lonvain-La Neuve (Belgium).” Elias, A., Barona, A., Arreguy, A., Rios, J., Aranguiz, I., Pen as, J.(2002).“Evaluation of a Packing Material for the Biodegradation of H2S and Product analysis.” Process Biochemistry, Vol.37, pp.813~820. Guest I., Varma D.R. (1992).“ Teratogenic and macromolecular synthesis inhibitory effects of trimethylamine on mouse embryos in culture, J. Toxicol.” Environ. Health 36 , pp.27–41. Hwang, Y., Matsuo, T., Hanaki, K., Suzuki, N., (1994) “Removal of odorous compounds in wastewater by using activated carbon, ozonation and aerated biofilter.” Water Res. 28, pp. 2309–2319. Juan, M., Adalberto, N., Sergio, R. and Sarina, J. E. (2003).“Changes in Physical Properties of a Compost Biofilter Treating Hydrogen Sulfide” J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., Vol. 53, pp. 1011-1021. Joseph S. Devinny*, J. Ramesh (2005). “A phenomenological review of biofilter models” Chemical Enhineeing Journal Vol.113, pp. 187-196. Kamarthi, R., and Willingham, R.T. (1994).“Bench-Scale Evaluation of Air Pollution Control Technology Based on Biological Treatment Process.” Proc. Air & Waste Mgmt. Assn. 86th, Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Kim, S. G., Bae, H. S., Lee, S. T. (2001).“A Novel denitrifying bacterial isolated that degrades trimethylamine both aerobically and anaerobically via two different pathways.” Arch. Microbiol.176 , pp.271–277. Kirchner, K., Hauk, G., and Rehm, H. J. (1987).“Exhaust Gas Purification Using Immobilised Monocultures.” App. Microb. Biotech., Vol.26, pp.579~587. Large, P.J., Cole, J.A., Knowles, C.J., Schlessinger, D.D. (1983).“ Methylotrophy and Methanogenesis. ” Van Nostrand Reinhold, Workingham. Leson, G. and Winer, A. M. (1991).“Biofiltration: An Innovative Air Pollution Control Technology for VOC Emission” J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., Vol. 41, pp. 1045-1054. Leson, G. and Dharmavaram, S. (1995).“A Status Overview of Biological Air Pollution Control”, Presented at The 88th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, June, San Antonio, Texas, USA. Lu, C. S., Lin, M. R., and Chu, C. H. (1999). “Temperature Effects of Trickle-Bed Biofilter for Treating BTEX Vapors.” J. of Env. Eng., pp.775~779. Lu, C. S., Lin, M. R. and Chu, W. C. (2000).“Removal of BTEX Vapor form Waste Gases by a Trickle Bed Biofilter” J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., Vol. 50, pp. 411-417. Lu, C. S., Lin, M. R., and Chu, C. H. (2002). “Effect of pH, Moisture, and Flow Pattern on Trickle-Bed Air Biofilter Performance for BTEX Removal.” Adv. in Env. Res., Vol. 6, pp. 99~106. Liu, Y., Quan, X., Zhao, Y., Chen, S. and Zhao, H. (2005).“Removal of Ternary VOCs in Air Streams at High Loads Using a Compost-based Biofilter” Biochemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 23, pp. 85-95. Martha, J., Miller, D. and Allen, G. (2004).“Transport of Hydrophobic Pollutants Through Biofilms in Biofilters” Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 59, pp. 3515-3525. Namkoong, W., Park, J. S. and VanderGheynst, J. S. (2003).“Biofiltration of Gasoline Vapor by Compost Media” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 121, pp. 181-187. Ottengraf, S., and Oever, A.(1983).“Kinetics of Organic Compound Removal from Waste Gases with a Biological Filter.”Biotech. Bioeng.,Vol. 25, pp. 3089~3102. Ottengraf,S.P.P., Meesters J.J.P.,A.H.C. van den Oever and H.R. Rozema (1986).“Biological Elimination of Volatile Xenobiotic Compounds in Biofilters.” Biopr.Eng.,Vol.1,pp.61-69. Pomeroy, R. D. (1982).“Biological Treatment of Odorous Air.” JWPCF , pp. 1541~1545. Roseiro, J.C., Partidario, P.J., Lobo N., Marcal M.J., (1999).“Physiology and kinetics of trimethylamine conversion by two methylotrophic strains in continuous cultivation systems.” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 52 , pp.546–552. Richard W.Ziminski and John Yavorsky, (1994). “Control of Hazardous Air Pollutants Using a Commercial Biofilter.” In 87th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of Air & Waste Management Asso , Cincinnati, Ohio, 19-24. Richard, L.C., and Seed, L. (1994) “ Biofilteration of BTEX : Media, Substrate, and Loading Effects.” Env. Pro., Vol. 14, pp. 151~158. Sandberg M., Ahring B.K. (1992). “Anaerobic treatment of fish meal processwastewater in a UASB reactor at high pH.” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 36, pp. 800–804. Shareefdeen, Z., Baltzis, B. C., Oh, Y. S. and Bartha, R. (1993).“Biofiltration of Methanol Vapor” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 41, pp. 512-524. Sorial, G. A., Smith, F. L., Smith, P. J., Suidan, M. T., Biswas, P. and Brenner, R. C. (1993).“Development of Aerobic Biofilter Design Criteria for Treating VOCs”, Presented at The 86th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, June, Denver, Colorodo, USA. Shieh W.K., Keenan D.J., (1986) “Fluidized bed biofilm reactor for wastewater treatment,Biochem. ” Eng. 33132–168. Sun, Y., Quan, X., Chen, J., Yang, F., Xue, D., Liu, Y. and Yang, Z. (2002).“Toluene Vapor Degradation and Microbial Community in Biofilter at Various Moisture Content” Proc. Biochem., Vol. 38, pp. 109-113. Togna, A. P., and Folsom, B. R. (1992).“Removal of Styrene from Air Using Bench-Scale Biofilter and Biotrickling Filter Reactors.” Proc. Air & Waste Mgmt. Assn. 85th, Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Togna,A.D.,and M. Singh(1994). “ A Comparative Study of Biofilter and Biotrickling Filter Performance for Isopentane Removal.” Proceedings of the 87th Annual Air&Waste Management Association Meeting&Exhibition, Cincinnati City,Ohio, June 19-24. Van Agteren, M.H., Keuning, S., Janssen, D.B., (1998). “Handbook on Biodegradation and Biological Treatment of Hazardous Organic Compounds.” Kluwer Academic Publishers, London. Weckhuysen, B. L., and Verachtert, H. (1993).“The Effect of Nutrient Supplementation on the Biofiltration Removal Butanal in Contaminated Air” App. Microb. Biotech., Vol.39, pp.395~399. Wittorf, F., Klein, J., Korner, K., Unterlohner, O., and Ziehr, H. (1993).“Biocatalytic Treatment of Waste Air.” Chem. Eng. Tech., Vol. 16, pp.40~15. Williams T.O., Miller F.C., (1992). “Biofilters and facility operations.” Biocycle 33, pp. 75–79. Yoon, I. K. and Park, C. H. (2002).“Effect of Gas Flow Rate, Inlet Concentration and Temperature on Biofiltration of Volatile Organic Compounds in a Peat-Packed Biofilter” Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol. 93, pp. 165-169. Ying Ding, Ji-Yan Shi, Wei-Xiang Wu, Jun Yin, Ying-Xu Chen,(2006).“Trimethylamine (TMA) biofiltration and transformation in biofilters.” Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, PR China. Zilli, M., Guarino, C., Daffonchio, D., Borin, S. and Converti, A. (2005).“Laboratory-scale Experiments with a Powdered Compost Biofilter Treating Benzene-polluted Air” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 40, pp. 2035-2043.
摘要: 工業上經常使用大量、低沸點、揮發性高的有機溶劑或其衍生的揮發性有機物(volatile organic compounds, VOCs),可能經由逸散或管道排放進入大氣環境中。其中部分揮發性有機物,由於結構中含有硫、氮原子,特別分類為臭味物質,且其嗅覺閥值很低,於低濃度下即會引起臭味問題。其中又以硫化甲基、硫醇、甲基胺等三類具異臭味,被環保局特列為惡臭污染物。在上個年度本實驗室進行單一臭味物質(三甲基胺、二甲基硫及甲硫醇)之試驗,利用生物濾床法對單一惡臭物質做進一步之處理,但由於實場所排放之廢氣大多以混合化合物為主,故本次研究乃採用三甲基胺、二甲基硫及甲硫醇進行混合試驗進而評估其去除效率。 本實驗室對單一臭味物質研究顯示,甲硫醇之有機硫負荷在 4.74 g-S/m3•h下去除效率可達80%以上;二甲基硫之有機硫負荷在 11.85 g-S/m3•h下去除效率可達86%以上;三甲基胺之有機氮負荷在10.37 g-N/m3•h下去除率可達73%以上,証明生物濾床可有效分解臭味物質。但實場排放廢氣中均含兩種以上化合物,本研究針對甲硫醇、二甲基硫與三甲基胺混合試驗以生物濾床進行分解,試以評估生物濾床處理混合臭味物質之可行性。以堆肥生物濾床處理甲硫醇、二甲基硫及三甲基胺的進流濃度範圍分別為20~30ppmv、20~30ppmv及50~75ppmv,其空床停留時間為( empty-bed residence time , EBRT )則從90sec逐漸縮短至20sec。由實驗結果發現,處理三甲基胺、二甲基硫之總有機碳負荷為24.94 g-C/m3•h總去除率為75.12%以上,三甲基胺、甲硫醇之總有機碳負荷為22.31g-C/m3•h總去除率為83.64%以上。可知生物濾床對揮發性臭味物質有良好去除效率。兩組濾床元素平衡之回收率,三甲基胺混合二甲基硫之碳平衡可達80.36%以上、硫平衡83.32%以上、氮平衡94.08%以上;而三甲基胺混合甲硫醇之碳平衡77.85%以上、硫平衡80.09%以上、氮平衡84.06%以上。
Industrial usually use the VOCs which has high organic melting agent with、low boiling point in great quantities, and this volatility organic matter may spread through the emission or the piping exhaust into the atmosphere environment. Parts of VOCs, because of containing sulphur , nitrogen atom, are especially classified bad smell material, and its sense of smell valve value is very low, and would cause a bad smell problem in low density. Biofilter to treat single compound experiment in the laboratory last year. The main mix gas are emissioned by factories , the propos of this experiment is to evaluate remove efficiency by trimethyl-anime、dimethylsulfide and methyl mercaptan. Methyl mercaptan removal efficiency could achieve 80 % for influent sulfur loading reached 4.74 g-S/m3.h. Dimethylsulfide removal efficiency could achieve 86 % for influent sulfur loading reached 11.85 g-S/m3.h. Trimethylanime removal efficiencies could achieve 73 % for influent nitrogen loading 10.37 g-N/m3.h. It proves that biofilter can degradation bad smell material efficiently .But suit emission always contains more than two compounds , this study targets the mixing of methyl mercaptan、dimethylsulfide and trimethylanime ,and they are all treated by the biofilter.The performance of TBAB for the removal of methyl mercaptan, dimethylsulfide and trimethylanime are under different influent concentrations of 20 to 30 ppmv, 20 to 30 ppmv and 50 to 75 ppmv. The empty-bed residence time (EBRT) is from 20 to 90sec.The result shows that trimethylanime mixed with dimethylsulfide removal efficiency could achieve 75.12 % for influent sulfur loading which reaches 24.94 g-C/m3.h. Trimethyl-anime mixed with methyl mercaptan removal efficiency could achieve 83.64 % for influent total carbon loading which reaches 22.31 g-C/m3.h.From this result we can know that biofiltering has good performance to treat odors.Carbon recoveries of trimethylanime and dimethylsulfide could achieve more than 80.36 % , sulfur recoveries could achieve more than 83.32% % and nitrogen recovery could achieve more than 94.08 %.Carbon recoveries of trimethylanime and methyl mercaptan could achieve more than 77.85% , sulfur recoveries could achieve greater than 80.09% and nitrogen recovery could achieve greater than 84.06%.
其他識別: U0005-2906200721484800
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所



Show full item record
TAIR Related Article

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.