Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5356
標題: 以生物濾床法處理混合臭味物質之研究
Removal of Mix Odors with Compost-based Air Biofilters
作者: 李秋緻
Lee, Cheng-Chuh
關鍵字: compost-based air biofilter
生物濾床
mix odors
methyl mercaptan
dimethylsulfide
trimethylanime
混合臭味物
甲硫醇
二甲基硫
三甲基胺
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 工業上經常使用大量、低沸點、揮發性高的有機溶劑或其衍生的揮發性有機物(volatile organic compounds, VOCs),可能經由逸散或管道排放進入大氣環境中。其中部分揮發性有機物,由於結構中含有硫、氮原子,特別分類為臭味物質,且其嗅覺閥值很低,於低濃度下即會引起臭味問題。其中又以硫化甲基、硫醇、甲基胺等三類具異臭味,被環保局特列為惡臭污染物。在上個年度本實驗室進行單一臭味物質(三甲基胺、二甲基硫及甲硫醇)之試驗,利用生物濾床法對單一惡臭物質做進一步之處理,但由於實場所排放之廢氣大多以混合化合物為主,故本次研究乃採用三甲基胺、二甲基硫及甲硫醇進行混合試驗進而評估其去除效率。 本實驗室對單一臭味物質研究顯示,甲硫醇之有機硫負荷在 4.74 g-S/m3•h下去除效率可達80%以上;二甲基硫之有機硫負荷在 11.85 g-S/m3•h下去除效率可達86%以上;三甲基胺之有機氮負荷在10.37 g-N/m3•h下去除率可達73%以上,証明生物濾床可有效分解臭味物質。但實場排放廢氣中均含兩種以上化合物,本研究針對甲硫醇、二甲基硫與三甲基胺混合試驗以生物濾床進行分解,試以評估生物濾床處理混合臭味物質之可行性。以堆肥生物濾床處理甲硫醇、二甲基硫及三甲基胺的進流濃度範圍分別為20~30ppmv、20~30ppmv及50~75ppmv,其空床停留時間為( empty-bed residence time , EBRT )則從90sec逐漸縮短至20sec。由實驗結果發現,處理三甲基胺、二甲基硫之總有機碳負荷為24.94 g-C/m3•h總去除率為75.12%以上,三甲基胺、甲硫醇之總有機碳負荷為22.31g-C/m3•h總去除率為83.64%以上。可知生物濾床對揮發性臭味物質有良好去除效率。兩組濾床元素平衡之回收率,三甲基胺混合二甲基硫之碳平衡可達80.36%以上、硫平衡83.32%以上、氮平衡94.08%以上;而三甲基胺混合甲硫醇之碳平衡77.85%以上、硫平衡80.09%以上、氮平衡84.06%以上。
Industrial usually use the VOCs which has high organic melting agent with、low boiling point in great quantities, and this volatility organic matter may spread through the emission or the piping exhaust into the atmosphere environment. Parts of VOCs, because of containing sulphur , nitrogen atom, are especially classified bad smell material, and its sense of smell valve value is very low, and would cause a bad smell problem in low density. Biofilter to treat single compound experiment in the laboratory last year. The main mix gas are emissioned by factories , the propos of this experiment is to evaluate remove efficiency by trimethyl-anime、dimethylsulfide and methyl mercaptan. Methyl mercaptan removal efficiency could achieve 80 % for influent sulfur loading reached 4.74 g-S/m3.h. Dimethylsulfide removal efficiency could achieve 86 % for influent sulfur loading reached 11.85 g-S/m3.h. Trimethylanime removal efficiencies could achieve 73 % for influent nitrogen loading 10.37 g-N/m3.h. It proves that biofilter can degradation bad smell material efficiently .But suit emission always contains more than two compounds , this study targets the mixing of methyl mercaptan、dimethylsulfide and trimethylanime ,and they are all treated by the biofilter.The performance of TBAB for the removal of methyl mercaptan, dimethylsulfide and trimethylanime are under different influent concentrations of 20 to 30 ppmv, 20 to 30 ppmv and 50 to 75 ppmv. The empty-bed residence time (EBRT) is from 20 to 90sec.The result shows that trimethylanime mixed with dimethylsulfide removal efficiency could achieve 75.12 % for influent sulfur loading which reaches 24.94 g-C/m3.h. Trimethyl-anime mixed with methyl mercaptan removal efficiency could achieve 83.64 % for influent total carbon loading which reaches 22.31 g-C/m3.h.From this result we can know that biofiltering has good performance to treat odors.Carbon recoveries of trimethylanime and dimethylsulfide could achieve more than 80.36 % , sulfur recoveries could achieve more than 83.32% % and nitrogen recovery could achieve more than 94.08 %.Carbon recoveries of trimethylanime and methyl mercaptan could achieve more than 77.85% , sulfur recoveries could achieve greater than 80.09% and nitrogen recovery could achieve greater than 84.06%.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5356
其他識別: U0005-2906200721484800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2906200721484800
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