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標題: 改質奈米碳管及中孔洞矽材吸附二氧化碳之研究
A study on the Adsorption of CO2 via Modified Carbon Nanotubes and Mesoporous Silica Particles
作者: 陳文發
Chen, Wen-Fa
關鍵字: Carbon nanotubes
Mesoporous silica particles
Surface modification
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究探討以奈米碳管(Carbon Nanotubes, CNTs)及中孔洞矽材(Mesoporous Silica Particles, MSPs)為吸附材,探討吸附二氧化碳(Carbon Dioxide, CO2)之研究。另外,亦藉由含胺化學藥劑3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTS)、N-[3-(trime-thoxysilyl)propyl] ethylenediamine (EDA)及polyethyleneemine (PEI)改質吸附材表面之 特性,以提升CO2吸附效率,並進行循環吸附效能之比較。 CNTs及MSPs經改質後物化特性皆有所改變,包括表面鹼基增加,有助於提升CO2吸附量。於溫度影響下,CNTs於低溫下有較佳之吸附效果,而隨著溫度之增加呈現遞減的關係;MSPs則於60℃下具有較佳效果。等溫吸附結果顯示,在CO2進流濃度50%時, CNTs、CNTs(APTS)於20℃、相對濕度0%時,吸附量為161.5和184.3 mg/g;MSPs和MSPs(EDA) 於60℃、相對濕度0%時,吸附量為125.3與152.4 mg/g,顯示改質後CNTs及MSPs能夠明顯提升吸附效果。在濕度影響下,CNTs和CNTs(APTS)均可在乾燥無水分或含有濕度環境下皆可有效進行CO2吸附;MSPs、MSPs(EDA)在乾燥無水分環境中,能有較佳吸附效果,隨著溼度增加吸附量有降低趨勢。循環吸附方面,CNTs(APTS)經20次循環再吸附,其吸附量仍未損失; MSPs(EDA) 經20次循環再吸附,則約有7%吸附量之損失。
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and Mesoporous silica particles (MSPs) were treated by APTS ((3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane)、EDA (N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ethylene- diamine) and PEI (polyethylenemine) solutions and were selected as adsorbents to study their characterizations and adsorption properties of carbon dioxide from air streams. The physicochemical properties of adsorbents were changed after modification by different modifity agents. These modifications include the increase in surface functional groups and surface basic sites, which enhance the chemisorption capacity of CO2. The 50% CO2 inlet concentration of adsorption capacities are respectively 161.5 and 125.3 mg/g for CNTs and MSPs and 184.3 and 152.4 mg/g for CNTs(APTS) and MSPs(EDA), respectively. The CNTs(APTS) and MSPs(EDA) shows the greatest enhancement of CO2 adsorption. In the temperature range of 20 to 100℃, the adsorption capacities of CNTs and CNTs(APTS) decreased with a rise in temperature and which of MSPs and MSPs(EDA) have the best adsorption performance of CO2 at 60℃. The CNTs(APTS) was no effective in the absence and presence of water vapor, but MSPs(EDA) was not. After 20 recylic adsorptions, the recoveries of CNTs(APTS) shows no decay, but which of MSPs(EDA) decreased 7%. It is the fact that the CNTs(APTS) leads the adsorption of CO2 that has the greater adsorption capacity, no influence in present of humidity and more thermostability than MSPs(EDA).
其他識別: U0005-1607200823045900
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