Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5486
標題: 高斯軌跡模式應用於受體點戴奧辛指紋解析之研究
Congener profiles of dioxin simulated by Gaussian Trajectory model
作者: 張雅筑
Chang, Ya-Chu
關鍵字: Dioxin
戴奧辛
GTx model
air quality model
congener profile
GTx (高斯軌跡傳遞係數模式)
空氣品質模式
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究針對中部縣市大氣戴奧辛進行分析。近年戴奧辛議題逐漸受到政府重視,且環保單位之檢測數據亦累積到些許規模,因此為瞭解中部地區戴奧辛污染特性和來源,本研究藉由實際採樣結果驗證GTx (高斯軌跡傳遞係數模式/Gaussian Trajectory transfer-coefficient modeling system)模式模擬結果,交叉比對中部地區可能受到大型固定污染源排放戴奧辛之影響程度,並整合探討各污然源對中部地區空氣品質的影響。 在本研究中,取樣地點為中興大學、草屯測站、竹山測站、南投測站、南投工業區、埔里測站、集集測站和惠蓀測站等地,經採集分析後其戴奧辛毒性當量平均濃度分別為0.0670、0.0560、0.0554、0.0691、0.2176、0.0454、0.0277和0.0067 pg I-TEQ/m3,其中戴奧辛毒性當量部份主要以含有較少氯物種的多氯二聯苯呋喃為主;且四季採集結果以秋季最高,冬末次之。在污染源判定的特徵指標部份,中興大學、草屯、南投、埔里和竹山五測站之特徵指標發現焚化爐、銅二次熔融廠、鋁二次熔融廠和交通源可能是主要的戴奧辛源;此外,伴隨著不同盛行風向,造成大氣中PCDD/Fs(Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/ Polychlorinated dibenzofurans)濃度有所差異,採樣期程於秋、冬兩季時,盛行東北風,各站的檢測濃度皆較春、夏兩季高。推測其可能原因為北風將上風處污染物帶往下風處,在內陸造成累積,且冬季混合層較低,使得擴散不易,因而造成戴奧辛濃度在秋、冬有較高的趨勢 於GTx模式雖模擬出的戴奧辛和實際採樣濃度有段差距,但由模式模擬可看出污染物受到中部地區北風系影響時,其煙流較易傳輸至內陸,有較高戴奧辛貢獻,實際採樣結果亦發現濃度明顯較南風系時高( 除南崗工業區外,各採樣點3、11月採樣濃度皆大於5、8月之採樣濃度)。 在模式驗證部分,軌跡模擬推估之特徵物種與受體點指紋比對中,模式對OCDD(Octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin)此物種模擬之準確度較不佳,推測可能是軌跡模擬時並未加入線源(移動源)、露天燃燒影響所致。
In Central Taiwan, due to rapid industrialization and urbanization, air quality monitoring is very much important. The past data available from Environment protection agency showed that the Dioxin concentration has a gradually increasing trend. Due to this, the government is taking much effort to curtail the Dioxin emission from various sources. This study was undertaken in order to understand the characteristics of the Dioxin with respect to its source and its seasonal variation of transportation behavior through employing GTx model (Gaussian Trajectory transfer-coefficient modeling system). Field measurements were undertaken on air quality and meteorological variables at different places. The average concentration of Dioxin at National Chung Hsing University(NCHU), Caotun, Chushan, Nantou, Nangang industrial park, Puli, Jiji and Huisun measurement points were found to be 0.0670、0.0560、0.0554、0.0691、0.2176、0.0454、0.0277 and 0.0067 pg I-TEQ/m3, respectively. It was found that the main contributors to the I-TEQ (International Toxic Equivalents) value in the ambient were lower chlorinated PCDFs (polychlorinated dibenzofurans). With respect to the seasonality of the pollutant concentrations, it was found that highest concentration of Dioxin has been found during autumn season followed by late winter. .The model output showed that NCHU, Caotun, Nantou, Puli and Chushan stations were not only affected by incinerators and traffic sources, but also impacted by secondary copper smelter and secondary aluminum plants. The model result showed that pollutants were easily transferred to downwind region and accumulated in inland of Taiwan in prevailing north-east wind season. Since the atmospheric boundary layer was low during winter, that caused the pollutants diffuse unfavorably, thus dioxin concentrations was higher in autumn and winter than these in spring and summer. Thus, the north wind system could play an important role in transporting dioxins into Central Taiwan. The modeled congener profiles of PCDD/Fs at receptors were not able to accurately predict the OCDD (Octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) profile were because the affects of the traffic sources and open burning profiles were not considered in the input data.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5486
其他識別: U0005-2508200800214700
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