Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5497
標題: 利用受體模式推估中部空品區受到河川揚塵之影響
A study for using receptor model to analysis the affect of river bank in central air quality area
作者: 孫孟祺
Sun, Meng-Chi
關鍵字: Receptor model
受體模式
PMF
estimated sample
river bank
PMF
模擬樣本
河川揚塵
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究所採用的受體模式為—正矩陣因子法(Positive Matrix Factorization,PMF)。此模式是多變量分析中的一種,它利用樣本濃度和其不確定性,藉著有效變異加權最小平方法去推估污染源。它不像傳統受體模式CMB需要污染源指紋資料。此方法有幾項優點:(1)免去搜集污染源指紋那樣龐大的資料而怕資料不完全無法有效分析。(2)也沒有像傳統CMB模式在解析污染源相似的情形之下會有共線性問題的存在,因此無法有效判定污染源及特徵因子。(3)亦不像其他多變量分析有負值產生,比較好去判斷分析結果。 本研究利用中山醫學大學採樣所得的資料以及中部河川流域附近的環保署監測站資料彙整分析出各個因子的特徵元素,因為分析的主要對象是揚塵,結構非常的相似,因此河川揚塵以河床內土壤元素濃度結構為背景值去比對。針對中部流域附近測站(大甲、后里、烏日、伸港、台西、線西、崙背等測站)進行採樣分析,並利用受體模式PMF來分析河川揚塵對中部地區各測站之貢獻量,初步推估中部地區四大河川(大甲溪、大安溪、濁水溪、烏溪)之揚塵可能會影響附近地區的空氣品質。故當地政府應當針對此一問題進行改善。
This study institute used receptor model is PMF. This model is a kind of Multivariate analysis, it used the samples’ consistency and uncertainty to conjecture the source pollution. PMF has some advantages: (1) not require so much source profiles like CMB. (2) when under the similar pollution source, traditional CBM will exist collinear problem and make determining the pollution sources and characteristic factors ineffectively, but PMF don’t have this problems. (3) do not have the negative value as other Multivariate analysis have, is much better to determine the analytic result. This study base on CHUNG SHAN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY ’s sampling data and central Taiwan monitor’s data to category and analyze every factors’ characteristic. Since the main object is the raise dust which had the extraordinary similar structure that river bank use riverbed’s soil element concentration as background value to proceed comparing. Focused on Central Taiwan measure station (Dajia、Houli、Wurih、Shengang、Taisi、Siansi、Lunbei) proceed sampling analyzing and used PMF to analyze the sampling’s contribution value caused by river bank. Preliminary expected the river bank collected from the river in central Taiwan(Tachia River、Ta-an River、Choshui River、Tatu River) may affect the air quality nearby. We plan that the local government should aim at this issue proposing the improving measures.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5497
其他識別: U0005-2508200812550000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2508200812550000
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