請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5503
標題: 利用BOD1與rbCOD評估不同種類廢水中之易分解有機物比例以評估生物處理可行性之研究
A study of the feasibility of applying biological treatment on different kinds of wastewater by using BOD1 and rbCOD
作者: 陳彥廷
Cheng, Yen-Ting
關鍵字: COD
生化需氧量
BOD
rbCOD
organics
biodegradation
化學需氧量
有機物
生物降解
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 對於廢水內有機物的分析,一般多以COD、BOD以及SS三項為主,並且多以BOD5/COD的比值來做為廢水適合生物處理與否的依據,然而卻往往忽略了這些可被分解的有機物分解速度對系統所造成的影響,且可快速分解有機物的濃度也會直接影響到除磷或者除氮系統的效率。因此本實驗希望以目前廣泛被使用的COD、BOD分析方法為基礎,研究BOD1及Mamais所提出的rbCOD分析方法分析水中可快速分解有機物的量,或者作為判斷廢水分解速度的依據。 研究結果發現BOD1與物理-化學方法分析出來的rbCOD的值並無直接關聯,rbCOD值高的水樣BOD1的值往往也很高,但BOD1高的水樣rbCOD不一定高。跟BOD1直接相關的是BOD的總量與其生化氧化速率常數κ,而跟rbCOD比較直接相關的是truly sCOD的量。且發現當水樣中以真溶液型態存在之可分解有機物佔總有機物的比例高時,rbCOD的值通常會高於BOD1,而當水樣中之可分解溶解性有機物佔總有機物的比例極低時,rbCOD往往會低於BOD1的值。 故由本研究之結果認為,BOD1配合BOD5及生化氧化速率常數κ的計算可以用來當做衡量廢水“整體”分解速度的指標,但不適合用於評估rbCOD的濃度。以物理-化學方法分析出的rbCOD值會受到廢水處理廠操作好壞以及化學氧化劑添加與否的影響,但若能控制好條件的話物理-化學法是相當簡單快速且準確的分析方法。此外也發現,某些染整廠在傳統的BOD5/COD分析中比例不高,但其溶解態COD卻有不錯的生物分解效果,因此適合以生物處理其溶解態COD的部份以彌補化學混凝、沈澱及過濾等方法的不足;屠宰業及生活汙水則是高可分解有機物比例,但rbCOD佔總COD的比例並不高,其生物系統亦有良好之COD處理效率,但大多數的有機物可能都是經由吸附作用去除而非直接吸收;而實驗中所採集到的光電業廢水,其有機物分解速度、可生物分解有機物比例及rbCOD濃度都非常高,判斷其廢水相當適合以生物方法處理。
Analyses of COD、BOD and SS are commonly used in the determination of organics value in the wastewater, and BOD5/COD is commonly used as a indicator of biodegradability. The speed of biodegradation is very important in a wastewater system, but ordinary analyses cannot distinguish the difference between readily and slowly biodegradable organics. Therefore, some analyses based on COD and BOD techniques were applied to investigate the readily biodegradable COD, or as a indicator of the speed of biodegradation. According to the results of investigation, the value of BOD1 cannot represents rbCOD, BOD1 is more likely related to the ultimate BOD and κ, and rbCOD is more likely related to the truly soluble COD. And it shows that when the proportion of soluble biodegradable organics is high, the value rbCOD will higher than BOD1 ; when the portion of soluble biodegradable organics is very low, the value rbCOD will lower than BOD1. BOD1 can be a indicator of the speed of wastewater biodegradation when it combined to BOD5 and κ, but not proper to evaluate the value of rbCOD. Physical – chemical method can be a easy and good way to analyze rbCOD if the condition of the wastewater plant is well controlled. In addition, the results showed that some desizing / dying wastewater has low BOD5/COD but rich soluble biodegradable organics. Abattoir and domestic wastewater have high BOD5/COD but low proportion of rbCOD, most of the organics removed by the microbial adsorption instead of absorption. Photo-electrical wastewater in the study has high BOD5/COD and high proportion of rbCOD, it shows that photo-electrical wastewater is very proper to apply biological treatment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5503
其他識別: U0005-2508200814082400
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2508200814082400
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