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標題: 活性碳吸附及結合過硫酸鹽氧化MTBE之可行性評估
Evaluation of activated carbon adsorption and combining persulfate oxidation of MTBE
作者: 吳宜蓁
Wu, Yi-Jhen
關鍵字: adsorption
sodium persulfate
sulfate radical
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 甲基第三丁基醚(Methyl tert-butyl ether, MTBE)為汽油之添加劑,此物質具低辛醇-水界面分佈係數與高水溶性之特性,因此一旦洩漏至地表下,相較於其他汽油中之化合物更易溶解於地下水中而污染水源。透水性反應牆(permeable reactive barriers, PRBs)為反應介質組成之地表下屏障,可現地控制或破壞地下水中污染物,活性碳(activated carbon, AC)因具吸附能力,為可應用於PRB之填充材質,然而當活性碳吸附達飽和時,若能於現地直接進行活性碳再生,即可減少更換PRB填充材質之成本。現地化學氧化法(in situ chemical oxidation, ISCO)使用過硫酸鹽(S2O82-),藉由其活化反應後產生之硫酸根自由基(SO4-‧)為一有效氧化降解污染物之程序,因此本研究評估過硫酸鹽降解MTBE之能力,且探究以氧化方式再生吸附MTBE之活性碳其吸附效能影響。所有實驗皆以批次方式進行,實驗結果顯示,過硫酸鹽可使吸附於活性碳之MTBE幾乎達完全之脫附,然而經過硫酸鹽氧化後,活性碳表面生成之酸性官能基對於MTBE再吸附造成阻礙。此外,黃鐵礦(FeS2)為一種填充於PRB中之天然鐵礦,其可緩慢釋放二價鐵離子(Fe2+)活化過硫酸鹽產生SO4-‧,並完全氧化降解MTBE,MTBE降解過程中則會產生中間產物第三丁醇(TBA)、第三甲酸丁酯(TBF)、丙酮(Acetone)、乙酸甲酯(MA)等,推論其降解途徑主要為α攫取作用,且由黃鐵礦活化過硫酸鹽予以再生之活性碳對於MTBE之再吸附較僅以S2O82-再生之活性碳為佳。
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is used primarily as a gasoline oxygenate. Due to low octanol water partition coefficient (Kow) and high water solubility, MTBE once accidently released in subsurface may contaminate groundwater. Permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) filled with reactive materials could intercept and decontaminate the polluted groundwater plume in the subsurface. Activated carbons (AC) adsorption is a suitable reaction mechanism for PRBs. However, once the filled ACs is exhausted, it is required to replace the spent AC with new materials. Therefore, it is desired to regenerate spent AC in situ and hence to reduce the cost for AC replacement. In situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) oxidant persulfate (S2O82-) and its activated product known as the sulfate free radical (SO4-‧) exhibit capability of destroying organic contaminants. Therefore, the goal of this study was to evaluate the degradation of MTBE by persulfate and investigate the potential of using persulfate for regeneration MTBE spent AC. All experiments were carried out in batch mode. The results show that persulfate can desorb MTBE from spent AC. However, upon contacts between AC and persulfate, acidic functional groups would be produced on the AC to interfere adsorption of MTBE. Pyrite (FeS2) is a natural ferrous ion bearing mineral which can slowly release Fe2+ to activate persulfate to form SO4-‧. It has been identified that pyrite activated persulfate oxidation can effectively oxidize MTBE and the reaction pathway undergoes α-abstraction process. Furthermore, the observed intermediates upon MTBE degradation include: tert-butyl formate (TBF), tert-butyl alcohol (TBA), acetone, and methyl acetate (MA). Spent ACs regenerated by pyrite activated persulfate exhibits a better readsorption of MTBE than those regenerated by persulfate only.
其他識別: U0005-0102201012252700
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