Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5563
標題: 鎘污染土壤施用生物固體物對白蘿蔔鎘累積濃度之影響
Effect of Biosolids on the Cd Accumulation of Radish Grown in Cd-Contaminated Soils
作者: 洪錦煥
Hung, Chin-Huan
關鍵字: Cd-Contaminated Soils
重金屬土壤污染
heavy metals
cadmium
bioconcentration factor (BCF)
phytoremediation
biosolids

生物累積係數
植生復育
生物固體物
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 重金屬無法在環境中分解,且可能藉由食物鏈的循環將其轉移至動物體中,對於整個環境的生態系統亦可能造成難以復原的傷害。由於無法掌握農業灌溉用水之來源及特性,使得台灣近年來農田遭受污染之事件頻頻發生,其中又以具累積且不易分解的重金屬污染情況最為嚴重。作物的根部直接與土壤重金屬接觸,亦是重金屬進入植物體內的主要途徑。因此,欲了解種植於受重金屬污染土壤中,攝食作物可食用部位之風險,首先必須先了解不同作物及不同部位對重金屬的累積特性。本論文以白蘿蔔作為試驗作物,將其種植於不同配製濃度之鎘污染土壤(Cd-5及Cd-20)中60天,並添加0%或5%生物固體物作為土壤改良劑,紀錄及分析其乾重及累積的鎘濃度。本研究結果可以了解白蘿蔔不同部位對鎘的累積能力,並可依此作為食用者健康風險評估之判斷依據。 試驗結果顯示,在正常生長條件下,添加生物固體物可以增加白蘿蔔的乾重、累積的鎘濃度及鎘總移除量。土壤中鎘處理濃度達Cd-5時,地上部與地下部乾重達最大值。白蘿蔔地上部對鎘之累積能力高於地下部,在正常生長下,生物累積係數(BCF)隨土壤中鎘濃度之增加而增加,添加生物固體物亦會使BCF增加。若每人每日攝食本試驗所種植正常生長的白蘿蔔地下部300 g (鮮重),則每人每日攝入之鎘(35.4 ~ 46.7 μg)低於WHO建議之容許攝取鎘量(60 μg),但白蘿蔔地下部累積之鎘濃度(>2.36 mg/kg)與目前各國的相關規範值比對(例如:中國國家容許限值的0.1 mg/kg )仍偏高,故仍應避免在鎘污染農地上種植白蘿蔔,以免造成食用上之風險。
The resistance of heavy metals to be degraded makes them being circulated in our surrounding environment and then into the food chain via different ways. In Taiwan, soil contaminations were reported in the recent years and many cropped lands were contaminated by heavy metals resulted from the irrigation with contaminated waters. Heavy metals may be uptake by crops grown in the contaminated sites because their roots contact with soil particles directly. In order to understand the risk comes from the ingestion of edible parts of crops, one has to clear the species different in cadmium (Cd) accumulation. Seeds of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) were sowed in the potted and artificially spiked Cd-contaminated soils coded as Cd-5 and Cd-20 for 60 days and amended with biosolids (BS) at 0% or 5%. The dry weights (DW) and Cd concentration in the tissues of radish under different treatments were determined. Experimental results show that the application of BS enhanced the DW, accumulated Cd concentration, and total removal of Cd. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) of radish increased with the increase of Cd concentration in soils and the amendments of BS. If 300 g (fresh weight) of radish is consume per day, the daily uptake of Cd reaches 35.4-46.7 μg, which is blow the limit (60 μg) recommend by WHO. However, Cd accumulated in the edible part of radish (>2.36 mg/kg) was beyond the allowable limits of Cd in radish (0.1 mg/kg) of China.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5563
其他識別: U0005-0102201020295000
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