Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5696
標題: 台灣高速鐵路沿線噪音之衝擊評估-以台中縣大雅鄉為例
Assessment of Noise Impact Along the Taiwan High-Speed Rail-Using Taya Township as a Case Study
作者: 黃耀德
Huang, Yao-Te
關鍵字: Taiwan High Speed Rail
台灣高速鐵路
SoundPlan
Cadna-A
noise-exposed population
questionnaire investigation
SoundPlan
Cadna-A
噪音曝露人口
問卷調查
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 台灣高速鐵路目前全線皆有加裝混凝土隔音牆,針對噪音敏感點則加裝金屬吸音隔音牆,但是陳情事件仍層出不窮,顯示隔音的效果不彰。本研究主要目的為評估台灣高速鐵路沿線的噪音影響,探討高鐵沿線的噪音防護措施及噪音管制標準是否恰當。本研究之區域以台中縣大雅鄉橫山村及秀山村為主,且根據日本新幹線噪音振動評估管制範圍,以沿線兩側200公尺內為研究範圍。 研究結果指出列車通過時之LAmax對於民宅樓層較高處影響較大,且列車通過部分噪音測量點時,其噪音增量與背景音量相差20dB以上。分別利用Cadna-A和SoundPlan進行噪音模擬,以SoundPlan之模擬音量較為準確,誤差皆在3dB以內,滿足模式之適用性,且結果顯示若無進行1.25公尺金屬隔音牆設置,未來班次單向增為8班以上時,對居民會有較嚴重之影響。高鐵沿線之噪音地圖,以Kriging法繪製可獲得較佳之效果,根據問卷調查分析指出,距離高鐵軌道中心線100公尺內,屬噪音干擾較嚴重之區域,推估其噪音曝露人口約有1227~1528人。若要符合居民之感受,台灣高速鐵路之LAmax建議值以70dB較為適合。
Presently, Taiwan High-Speed Rail (THSR) has installed concrete sound barriers along the railroad. Especially for areas sensitive to noise, enhanced metal sound barriers were further provided. However, many residents still keep complaining about the noise, indicating that the noise problem along THSR is an emergent issue to be investigated. This study assesses the noise impacts along THSR, and evaluates the robustness of the noise reduction strategies and control regulations. Taya Township of Taichung Country is employed as the study area. Based on the experience of Japanese Shinkansen noise and vibration control zones, the investigation range used in this study is within 200 meters along both sides of the THSR. The results of this study show that when the trains pass by, the LAmax has greater impacts on upstairs residents, and the noise may increase over 20dB(A) than background noise level. The errors of the simulation results of SoundPlan are all less than 3dB(A), which is qualified for noise simulation, and is more accurate than Cadna-A. The simulation results of SoundPlan indicate that when the number of one-way scheduled trains is over 8 trains/hour, the noise will result in serious influence to residents if 1.25m-high metal sound barriers were not installed. According to the questionnaire analysis, areas within 100m away from the track are regarded as seriously noisy district, and the noise-exposed population is about 1,227 to 1,528. The results also reveal that the LAmax of THSR had better retain 70dB(A) to maintain acceptable noise levels for the residents.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5696
其他識別: U0005-1808200916043500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1808200916043500
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