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標題: 鹿港和二林地區大氣懸浮微粒元素組成之研究
Investigation of Elemental Compositions in Ambient Particulates within Lukang and Erlin Areas
作者: 曾嘉汝
Tseng, Chia-Ju
關鍵字: Ambient Particulates
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究於2008年11月至2009年5月期間,在鹿港及二林地區利用雙粒徑高量採樣器進行兩次大氣懸浮微粒密集觀測,於此兩地區冬春季各採集21組大氣懸浮微粒PM2.5與PM2.5-10之樣本,後續再利用感應耦合電漿質譜儀分析微粒中20種元素(Al、Fe、Na、Mg、K、Ca、Sr、Ti、Mn、Co、Ni、Cu、Zn、Cd、Sb、Pb、V、Cr、As及Se)的濃度,此研究目的主要建立將開發為中部第四期科學園區的二林與未來可能設置彰工電廠的鹿港地區的空氣懸浮微粒的元素組成,建立此基本資料以提供未來科學園區及電廠營運後的比較參考。 研究結果顯示二林地區於冬季東北季風期間20種元素總濃度分別佔PM2.5與PM2.5-10的5.46%與16.60%,春季期間則佔3.10%與9.28%;鹿港地區於東北季風期間20種元素總濃度分別佔PM2.5與PM2.5-10的8.01%與17.88%,春季期間則佔3.41%與11.06%,兩地區皆顯示20種元素在微粒中的百分比為東北季風期間高於春季期間。利用富集因子區分二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素之來源,來自地殼源之元素有Al、Ti、Mg、K、Fe、Sr及Ca,主要分佈於PM2.5-10中;人為排放源之元素則有As、Cu、Zn、Cd、Pb、Se及Sb,主要集中在PM2.5中。比較兩次密集觀測結果,二林和鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒之元素含量皆是東北季風期間高於春季期間,主要差異之原因為兩地區於冬季東北季風盛行期間,風速大造成揚塵現象,微粒中的地殼元素明顯增加。綜合研究成果,目前二林地區於東北季風盛行期間,大氣懸浮微粒中地殼元素明顯增加;而鹿港地區於東北季風期間可能受到北方火力發電廠和焚化爐排放之影響,前者可能影響鹿港地區PM2.5中As和Se的濃度,而後者影響其Cd和Zn的濃度。
Atmospheric aerosol particles were collected in Lukang and Erlin areas by using High Volume Air Samplers during the period from November 2008 to May 2009. Totally 21 samples of PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were collected. The samples were then further analyzed to determine the concentration of 20 elements (Al, Fe, Na, Mg, K, Ca, Sr, Ti, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Sb, Pb, V, Cr, As and Se) by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The purpose of this study was to establish the fundamental data regarding the compositions of the ambient particulates before the operation of Phase IV Central Science Park at Erlin and the building of power plant at Lukang. This study will provide the reference for comparing the air quality before and after the construction of the science park and the power plant. The results showed that the total concentration of the 20 elements in PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were 5.46% and 16.60% , respectively, during the northeast monsoon in winter at Erlin, whereas 3.10% and 9.28% , respectively, for the spring. Data obtained at Lukang indicated the total concentration of the 20 elements for PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were respectively 8.01% and 17.88% in winter, 3.41% and 11.06% , respectively, in spring. Both areas had shown that the percentage of the elements in PM10 measured during the northeast monsoon period were higher than those obtained in spring. The enrichment factor was used to identify the sources of the aerosol particles. The results showed that the crustal elements were Al, Ti, Mg, K, Fe, Sr, and Ca, mainly distributed in PM2.5-10 and the anthropogenic elements were As, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Se, and Sb, which were found mainly in PM2.5. Comparing the results obtained in the winter and in the spring, the element contents in the ambient particles at both sampling sites were all higher during the northeast monsoon period. The reason caused such differences was due to the higher wind speed which causing the crustal elements significantly increased. In conclusion, this study showed the crustal elements in the particulates at Erlin were significantly increased in the northeast monsoon. However the air quality at Lukang might be affected by the thermal power plant and the incinerator both located in the north of Lukang. The former may affect the concentrations of As and Se and the incinerator may affect the concentrations of Cd and Zn.
其他識別: U0005-2008200909145000
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