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dc.contributor.authorTseng, Chia-Juen_US
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dc.description.abstract本研究於2008年11月至2009年5月期間,在鹿港及二林地區利用雙粒徑高量採樣器進行兩次大氣懸浮微粒密集觀測,於此兩地區冬春季各採集21組大氣懸浮微粒PM2.5與PM2.5-10之樣本,後續再利用感應耦合電漿質譜儀分析微粒中20種元素(Al、Fe、Na、Mg、K、Ca、Sr、Ti、Mn、Co、Ni、Cu、Zn、Cd、Sb、Pb、V、Cr、As及Se)的濃度,此研究目的主要建立將開發為中部第四期科學園區的二林與未來可能設置彰工電廠的鹿港地區的空氣懸浮微粒的元素組成,建立此基本資料以提供未來科學園區及電廠營運後的比較參考。 研究結果顯示二林地區於冬季東北季風期間20種元素總濃度分別佔PM2.5與PM2.5-10的5.46%與16.60%,春季期間則佔3.10%與9.28%;鹿港地區於東北季風期間20種元素總濃度分別佔PM2.5與PM2.5-10的8.01%與17.88%,春季期間則佔3.41%與11.06%,兩地區皆顯示20種元素在微粒中的百分比為東北季風期間高於春季期間。利用富集因子區分二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素之來源,來自地殼源之元素有Al、Ti、Mg、K、Fe、Sr及Ca,主要分佈於PM2.5-10中;人為排放源之元素則有As、Cu、Zn、Cd、Pb、Se及Sb,主要集中在PM2.5中。比較兩次密集觀測結果,二林和鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒之元素含量皆是東北季風期間高於春季期間,主要差異之原因為兩地區於冬季東北季風盛行期間,風速大造成揚塵現象,微粒中的地殼元素明顯增加。綜合研究成果,目前二林地區於東北季風盛行期間,大氣懸浮微粒中地殼元素明顯增加;而鹿港地區於東北季風期間可能受到北方火力發電廠和焚化爐排放之影響,前者可能影響鹿港地區PM2.5中As和Se的濃度,而後者影響其Cd和Zn的濃度。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractAtmospheric aerosol particles were collected in Lukang and Erlin areas by using High Volume Air Samplers during the period from November 2008 to May 2009. Totally 21 samples of PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were collected. The samples were then further analyzed to determine the concentration of 20 elements (Al, Fe, Na, Mg, K, Ca, Sr, Ti, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Sb, Pb, V, Cr, As and Se) by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The purpose of this study was to establish the fundamental data regarding the compositions of the ambient particulates before the operation of Phase IV Central Science Park at Erlin and the building of power plant at Lukang. This study will provide the reference for comparing the air quality before and after the construction of the science park and the power plant. The results showed that the total concentration of the 20 elements in PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were 5.46% and 16.60% , respectively, during the northeast monsoon in winter at Erlin, whereas 3.10% and 9.28% , respectively, for the spring. Data obtained at Lukang indicated the total concentration of the 20 elements for PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were respectively 8.01% and 17.88% in winter, 3.41% and 11.06% , respectively, in spring. Both areas had shown that the percentage of the elements in PM10 measured during the northeast monsoon period were higher than those obtained in spring. The enrichment factor was used to identify the sources of the aerosol particles. The results showed that the crustal elements were Al, Ti, Mg, K, Fe, Sr, and Ca, mainly distributed in PM2.5-10 and the anthropogenic elements were As, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Se, and Sb, which were found mainly in PM2.5. Comparing the results obtained in the winter and in the spring, the element contents in the ambient particles at both sampling sites were all higher during the northeast monsoon period. The reason caused such differences was due to the higher wind speed which causing the crustal elements significantly increased. In conclusion, this study showed the crustal elements in the particulates at Erlin were significantly increased in the northeast monsoon. However the air quality at Lukang might be affected by the thermal power plant and the incinerator both located in the north of Lukang. The former may affect the concentrations of As and Se and the incinerator may affect the concentrations of Cd and Zn.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents致謝 I 摘要 II Abstract III 目錄 V 表目錄 IX 第一章 前言 1 1.1 研究緣起 1 1.2 研究目的與方法 2 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2.1中部地區空氣污染排放之特性 3 2.2大氣懸浮微粒之特性 8 2.2.1大氣懸浮微粒之來源 8 2.2.2 影響懸浮微粒濃度之因子 8 2.2.3 大氣懸浮微粒之成分特性 9 2.3大氣懸浮微粒中元素之來源與特性 12 2.4國內外大氣懸浮微粒中元素之研究 14 第三章 實驗與分析方法 16 3.1採樣地點及時間 16 3.1.1採樣地點 16 3.1.2採樣時間 18 3.2採樣設備 19 3.3大氣懸浮微粒樣本中元素之分析 19 3.3.1 濾紙處理程序 19 3.3.2 微粒樣本之前處理程序 21 3.3.3 微粒樣本中元素濃度之定量分析 22 3.4大氣懸浮微粒樣本中元污染源之分析 23 3.4.1 富集因子法 23 3.4.2 特徵元素推估污染源貢獻量 24 第四章 結果與討論 27 4.1大氣懸浮微粒質量濃度 27 4.1.1觀測站與環保署空品測站監測值之比較 27 4.1.2懸浮微粒質量濃度之變化 28 4.2二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素之特性 32 4.2.1二林地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素之濃度 32 4.2.2鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素之濃度 35 4.2.3二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素濃度之比較 38 4.2.4二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素之粒徑特性 42 4.2.5與國內其他地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素濃度之比較 44 4.3二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素汙染源之分析 47 4.3.1富集因子分析 47 4.3.2二林與鹿港地區大氣懸浮微粒中元素特性之差異 49 4.4大氣懸浮微粒中元素組成之比較 52 4.4.1二林、鹿港地區懸浮微粒中各元素組成之比較 52 4.4.2兩測站之東北季風與春季期間微粒中各元素組成之比較 58 4.4.3自然源對二林與鹿港地區懸浮微粒之貢獻 64 第五章 結論與建議 69 5.1結論 69 5.2建議 72 參考文獻 73 附錄A 79 實驗品保/品管(QA/QC)資料 79zh_TW
dc.subjectAmbient Particulatesen_US
dc.titleInvestigation of Elemental Compositions in Ambient Particulates within Lukang and Erlin Areasen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
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