Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5705
標題: 中部空氣品質區高臭氧污染來源之解析
A Study on Ozone Sources in Central Taiwan -Multivariate Analysis and Wind Direction
作者: 呂培農
Lu, Pei-Nong
關鍵字: Ozone
臭氧
Principal component analysis
ANOVA
Wind Directio
主成份分析
多變量分析
風向
出版社: 環境工程學系所
引用: Bronnimann, S., and Neu U., “Weekend-weekday Differences of Near-surface Ozone Concentrations in Switzerland for Different Meteorological Conditions”, Atmospheric Environment vol.31 pp.1127-1135,(1999) Chan, C. Y., and Chan L. Y., “Effect of meteorology and air pollutant transport on ozone episodes at a subtropical coastal Asian city, Hong Kong, Journal of geophysical research., vol105, 20,707– 20,724 (2000). Chang S. C., and Lee C. T.,“Ozone variations through vehicle emissions reductions based on air quality monitoring data in Taipei City, Taiwan , from 1994 to 2003”, Atmospheric Environment Vol.40, pp-3513-3526 (2006). Chu N., Kadane J. B.,and Davidson C. I.,“ Identifying Likely PM2.5 Soure on Days of Elevated Concentration:A Simple Statistical Approach” Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 pp2407-2411(2009) Flemming J., Stern R., and Yamartino R. J.,“A new quality regime classification scheme for O3, NO2, SO2 and PM10 observations sites”, Atmospheric Environment Vol.39 , pp6121-6129(2005). Gao H. O., “Day of week effects on diurnal ozone/NOx cycles and transportation emission in Southern Califoria”, Transportation Research Part D12,pp292-305(2007) Grant R. H., and Wong K. L., “Ozone profiles over a suburban neighborhood”, Atmospheric Environment vol.33 pp.51-63,(1999) Guo H., and Wang T., “Soure contribution to ambient VOCs and CO at a rural site in eastern China”, Atmospheric Environment Vol.38 pp-4551-4560(2004) Kouji Adachi ,“Characterization of atmospheric dry deposition particulates in Kobe , Japan”, Chemosphere 64 pp.1311-1317(2006). Lam, K. S., Wang T. J., Wu C. L., and Li Y. S., “Study on an ozone episode in hot season in Hong Kong and transboundary air pollution over Pearl River Delta region of China. ”Atmospheric Environment vol 39, 1967-1977(2005). Lal S., Naja M., and Subbaraya B.H.,“Seasonal variation in surface ozone and its precursors over an urban site in India” Atmospheric Environment vol.34 pp.2713-2724(2000) Martin M. V., Honrath R. E., Owen R. C., and Li Q. B.,“Seasonal variation of nitrogen oxides in the central North Athlantic lower free troposphere” Journal of geophysical research, vol. 113, d17307(2008) Nicholas C. W.,“Case study of the late July 2005 ground-Level ozone episode in North Carolina. ” Eighth Conference on Atmospheric Chemistry (2006). Pires J.C.M., Sousa S.I.V., Pereira M.C., Alvim-Ferraz M.C.M., and Martins F.G., “Management of air quality monitoring using principal component and cluster analysis-Part 1:SO2 and PM10”, Atmospheric Environment Vol.42, pp1249-1260(2008) Pires J.C.M., Sousa S.I.V., Pereira M.C., Alvim-Ferraz M.C.M., and Martins F.G., “Management of air quality monitoring using principal component and cluster analysis-Part 2:SO2 and PM10”, Atmospheric Environment Vol.42 , pp1261-1274(2008) Vukovich F. M., and Scarborough J., “Aspects of ozone transport, mixing, and chemistry in the greater Maryland area”, Atmospheric Environment Vol.39 pp-7008-7019(2005) Wang, T., and Kwok J. Y. H., “Measurement and analysis of a multi- dayphotochemical smog episode in the Pearl River Delta of China. J. Appl.Meteor., 42, 404-416.(2003) Yu T. Y., and Chang L. F., “Selection of the scenarios of ozone pollution at southern Taiwan area utilizing principal component analysis”, Atmospheric Environment vol.34 pp.4499-4509(2001) Yu T. Y., and Chang L. F “Delineation of air-quality basins utilizing multivariate statistical methods in Taiwan”, Atmospheric Environment vol.35 pp.3155-3166(2001). 白玨玲,「中部地區臭氧濃度特徵與天氣型態相關探討」,碩士論文,東海 大學環境科學系(1998). 吳奎縉,「中部空品區PM2.5污染來源分析」,在職專班碩士論 文,國立中興大學環境工程學系(2008) 林翊逵,「回顧近七年來南投地區臭氧變化」,碩士論文,國立中興大學 環境工程學系(2004). 林宜穎,「颱風或熱帶低壓與中部空品區空氣品質之相關探討」,碩士論文, 國立中央大學大氣物理所(2006) 倪國敦,「高高屏地區臭氧趨勢分析與氣象因子相關性探討」,碩士論 文,國立中山大學環境工程研究所(2004). 程萬里、黃超群、郭冠廷,中部地區海陸風環流與高臭氧污染之相關分析, 東海科學第三卷:57-80(2001). 潘慧芳,「中部空氣品質區空氣品質之時空分佈特性分析」,碩士論 文,國立中興大學環境工程學系(2004). 蕭輔漢,「南投地區臭氧污染特性之探討」,碩士論文,國立中興大學 環境工程學系(2008). 陳正平,「空氣品質預報與中解析度影像接收系統維護及資料分析專案工作 計畫」,行政院環保署(2005). 陳順宇,「多變量分析,四版」,華泰文化(2005). 環保署,「空氣污染物排放清冊更新管理及空氣品質質損量推估計 畫(第一年)」(2006). 行政院環保署網頁,http://www.epa.gov.tw
摘要: 本研究資料來源為中部地區四縣市境內的空氣品質監測站監測數據,分析中部空品區在2003年至2007年之間的監測資料。首先利用主成份分析法將中部空品區境內監測站進行分類,希望藉此找出中部地區相同臭氧污染現象的監測站,再進一步將篩選每日最大臭氧濃度值進行分析,以了解高臭氧與其他污染物的影響。 以中部空品區監測站每日最大臭氧濃度值可以將中部空氣品質區分成三個區域,分別為沿海地區、都會地區及內陸地區。且利用變異數分析臭氧濃度前三小時研究指出,發生高臭氧前三小時伴隨著高於年平均值的PM10與SO2濃度。根據排放量統計分析結果顯示,沿海地區各污染物排放污染源涵蓋整個中部空品區達60%,且各區域風向上統計皆為北風系列,其中又以西北風為居多。
The data source in this thesis is from the air quality monitoring station of four county in central Taiwan. We analysis the data of air quality in central Taiwan between 2003 to 2007. First of all, we classify the monitering stations in central Taiwan by principal component analysis method. We use this method to find out the stations which have the same characteristic in central Taiwan. Secondly, we obtain the variety to understand the ozone and other pollutants. We distinguish three classifications respectively coastal areas and urban areas and inland areas of air quality in central Taiwan by the maximum value of Ozone concentration obtained from the monitering station. By ANOVA method shows that three hours ago of high Ozone concentration accompanies the higher concentration of SO2 and PM10. According to the the emissions analysis, the contaminations over 60% to cover central Taiwan in along the coast, besides, the wind direction in each area was North Wind series, the most reason coming from Northwest Wind.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5705
其他識別: U0005-2008200916065800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2008200916065800
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館

Show full item record
 
TAIR Related Article
 
Citations:


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.