請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5718
標題: 流式質體儀:超快速高輸出質體學研究量化儀器開發-流體動態聚焦與細胞溶解
Flow Omics: Ultrafast and high throughput microbial identification device development-Hydrodynamic focusing and cell lysis
作者: 楊倧儒
Yang, Tsung-Ju
關鍵字: Flow Omics
流式質體儀
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 由於在環境工程與環境微生物領域中始終有個未能解決的問題。當面對一個未知環境樣品時,利用傳統之生物檢測方式並無法同時檢測出樣品中包含「何種物種」?「各物種數目」?與「物種在環境中所扮演的角色與其功能」? 傳統的劃碟法不僅耗時且靈敏度低。及近來之分子生物定量方法仍無法快速地鑑定及定量各種微生物及其功能性角色。為解決上述研究難題,將藉由基因體去氧核醣核酸中之重複片段為標的,並結合微流體生物晶片、微水珠的形成、單一細胞封裝、細胞快速溶解、單分子光學訊號快速擷取,以快速的鑑定與定量微生物,一舉達成解決環境工程與環境微生物研究領域中所無法解決的難題。 本研究以微機電系統之微影製程及軟微影製程完成微流體生物晶片與微小電極之微流體生物晶片之開發,而本研究得到在微流道內油相流體動態聚焦現象與細胞快速溶解之結果,這些結果顯示了如何有效控制微流道中流體狀況控制分析與微流道中進行快速細胞溶解之可行性,同時也奠定了往後進行流式質體儀超快速高輸出質體學量化儀器開發的穩固基礎。
There is an unsolved research problem in environmental microbiology and microbial ecology, i.e., no method is available to identify, quantify, and define the functional roles of each microbial cell at the same time. Tradition culturing method is not only time consuming but insensitive. Even with newly developed molecular biological technologies, there is still no way to rapidly identify and quantify all microorganisms in an environmental sample. To solve this problem, an new approach is proposed through the integration of targeting the genomic DNA repeats, microfluidic biochips, microdroplet formation in microchannels, single cell packaging, rapid cell lysis, single molecule detection. The finished platform will be able to meet the aforementioned research needs. This study has finished a prototype using the microfabrication technology in traditional micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) field, soft lithography, and microelectrode fabrication. Through this prototype, successful hydrodynamic focusing and rapid cell lysis have been achieved. The results suggest that it is feasible to lyse microbial cells in microfluidic biochips. This research also laid solid foundation for the ultimate goal of fabricating a prototype of Flow Omics - a rapid and high through-put platform for omic-type studies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5718
其他識別: U0005-2907200914005400
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2907200914005400
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