Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5727
標題: 台灣中部地區大氣中粒狀污染物之多環芳香烴化合物分佈特性之研究
Investigation of Distribution Characteristics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Particulate Matter Collected from Central Taiwan
作者: 彭麗珠
Peng, Li-Chu
關鍵字: PAHs
多環芳香烴化合物
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
particulate matters
central Taiwan
總懸浮微粒
台灣中部地區
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究使用高量空氣採樣器(High - volume air sampler),收集台中清水、彰化和美及南投草屯等三個地區,自2008年7月至2009年4月間空氣中總懸浮微粒(TSP)的樣本,進一步分析美國環保署優先列管之十六種多環芳香烴(Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PAHs)化合物之濃度。分別就台灣中部三個地區進行空氣採樣,量測大氣總懸浮微粒中PAHs的濃度以期能瞭解此三地區PAHs的濃度分佈情形,進一步以特徵比值來判斷三個地區PAHs的污染濃度及可能來源的參考數據。分析結果顯示,三測站大氣中固相PAHs濃度均呈現冬季時測值較高之趨勢,其中尤以97年12月~98年1月最為顯著;推估冬季測值較高之原因應與夏季時大氣之熱循環強度較冬季為高,且降雨現象造成大氣中污染物沖刷去除之效應。研究結果顯示,比較三測站PAHs之濃度,大致而言,草屯為三個測站中測值較高者,其次為和美,清水則在97年12月出現異常高值(45.7 ng/m3)。取各測站每月的PAHs濃度平均,再將16種PAHs化合物區分為2、3、4、5、6-ring PAHs,其苯環數分佈百分比顯示,固相PAHs以4~6環PAHs含量較為顯著,尤其5~6環PAHs較為明顯,亦即固相中PAHs之存在型態以高環數為主。而97年9月~97年12月三站分析結果均顯示6環PAHs含量較5環為高,其餘月份則以5環為主要存在型態。此外,和美及草屯站之PAHs環數分佈較明顯集中在5~6環,此現象較清水站為明顯。 三測站固相PAHs各化合物特徵比計算結果,除了Flt/(Flt+Pyr)之特徵比接近汽油和柴油之判斷分界點外,其餘PAHs特徵比均顯示污染來源為柴油引擎之排放。若就各測站之間比較,清水站之柴油特徵比較其他兩站為弱,顯示可能有受到汽油之影響,惟其趨勢甚不顯著,特徵比仍維持在柴油燃燒的範圍。
This investigation used High-Volume Air Sampler to collect the total suspended particulate (TSP) in the atmosphere at three sampling sites in central Taiwan, including Taichung Qingshui, Changhua Hemei, and Nantou Caotun, from July 2008 to April 2009. The objective of this study was to study the distribution characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in particulate matters derived from these sampling sites. The concentrations of US EPA's 16 priority pollutants of PAHs were analyzed. Furthermore, the characteristic ratio were used to establish the information of PAH levels in central Taiwan and to predict the potential sources of pollutation at these sites. Results indicated that the amount of particulate-PAH presented higher level in winter, especially from December 97 to January 98. When we compared the concentration of PAHs of these sampling sites, levels of PAHs followed the rank order: Nantou Caotun > Changhua Hemei > Taichung Qingshui. The distribution characteristics of PAHs with different ring number was obtained by dividing the month average of PAH concentrations with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-ring PAHs. Results revealed that the amount of 4- to 6-ring PAH was greater than that of others with the 5- to 6-ring PAHs the most significant ones. This finding indicated that the primary constituents of particulate-associated PAHs were those with 4- to 6-ring. Additionaaly, the amount of 6-ring PAHs was greater than that of 5-ring PAHs in September 97 to December 97 whereas the amount of 5-ring PAHs was the major form of PAHs in other surveying periods, particularly at Taichung Qingshui. Based on the estimated characteristic ratios of particulate-PAH at these sampling sites, it is likely that the major soures of emmission were derived from diesel engine exaust except that the ratios of Flt/(Flt+Pry) were close to the critical point of gasoline and diesel. When we compared the ratios of these three sampling sites, the diesel characteristic ratio was less obvious at Taichung Qingshui than that of the other two areas, suggesting the presence of the modulating effect by gasoline. However, the trend was not significant and the characteristic ratio still remained in the range of diesel burning.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5727
其他識別: U0005-0408201012364000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0408201012364000
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