Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5736
標題: 微過濾薄膜系統處理地下水中鐵錳之研究
Study on the Treatment of Iron and Manganese in Groundwater by Micro-Filtration System
作者: 陳文祥
Chen, Wen-Hsiang
關鍵字: PTFE hollow fiber
PTFE中空絲纖維膜
Manganese
Groundwater
Potable water
錳去除
地下水
自來水
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 鐵、錳普遍存在於地下層中,往往也造成處理地下水時的困擾,鐵錳的去除首先必須將還原態的離子氧化成氧化顆粒,再進行固液分離,本研究以彰化淨水場含鐵(0.4mg/L)、錳(0.5mg/L)的地下水,經過曝氣及氯(chlorine)的氧化後,再以鐵氟龍(PTFE)中空絲纖維膜試驗模組進行分離鐵錳氧化顆粒,並比較以傳統錳砂過濾之效益;經試驗以中空絲纖維膜所清水中剩餘之鐵的濃度與經過錳砂處理後的情況相同,但是錳的去除狀況卻差異甚大,初期經過中空絲纖維膜所剩餘之錳的濃度超過0.1mg/L高於水質標準(0.05mg/L),但經過2個星期的操作後清水中剩餘之錳的濃度呈現逐步遞減,錳濃度降至0.01mg/L以下,可發現存在於中空絲纖維膜間的鐵錳污泥扮演了重要的角色,鐵氟龍中空絲纖維膜以低壓力操作呈現低積垢 (fouling)的趨勢。
Fe and Mn are commonly found in underground, causing problems when treating groundwater. The removal process must first oxidize reduced ions into oxide particles, and then perform solid-liquid separation. This study sampled groundwater from water treatment plant in Changhua, containing Fe (0.4mg/L) and Mn (0.5mg/L), and separated the Fe and Mn oxide particles with PTFE hollow fiber micro-filter module after aeration and chlorine oxidation. The performances were compared to traditional greensand filtering. The results showed that the residual concentration of Fe in treated water was almost the same in two processes, but the removal of Mn varied greatly. Initially, the concentration of remaining Mn after MF was over 0.1mg/L, which was higher than the water quality standard (0.05mg/L), but after two weeks of operation, Mn in treated water was gradually decreased to below 0.01mg/L. It reveals that the Fe-Mn sludge, next to all hollow fibers, plays an important role. PTFE hollow fiber membrane modue operated under low pressure showed a low fouling trend.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5736
其他識別: U0005-0911201013543100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0911201013543100
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