請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5761
標題: 空氣品質模式CAMx於中部空品區臭氧事件日之模擬評估分析
Evaluation of the Air Quality Model (CAMx) with Ozone Pollution Episode Monitoring in Central Taiwan
作者: 黃鍾偉
Huang, Chung-Wei
關鍵字: CAMx
CAMx
ozone episode
air quality model evaluation
臭氧事件日
模式模擬評估方法
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 由於空氣污染物在環境間會受到氣象因素而傳輸,或是污染物彼此間所發生的化學反應,造成污染物的累積、消散…等作用,因此需要一個理想的空氣品質模式來模擬污染源所排出的空氣污染物在大氣中的流佈,進而研擬出污染源的管制策略或模擬污染源之生成潛力,以達到空氣品質改善之目的。 本研究主要探討利用光化學模式CAMx (Comprehensive Air-quality Model with extensions)為主要分析工具,以中尺度氣象模式(Meteorological meso-scale model version 5, MM5)模擬產生之氣象場作為CAMx模式輸入之氣象資料,而排放源資料則由台灣排放量資料庫TEDS-6.1所產生。挑選2005年4月3日至7日春季及9月15日至19日秋季形態的臭氧事件日,各別進行為期5日的模式模擬。 研究結果之顯示,在春季事件日時,臭氧傳輸趨勢主要受到以南風為主的盛行風向與海陸風之影響,向內陸地區傳輸;在秋季事件日時,臭氧傳輸趨勢主要受到以北風為主的盛行風向與海陸風之影響,向內陸地區傳輸,在南投地區產生臭氧濃度高值。與空品測站比對並依環保署公告之統計方法檢定,在配對值之常化偏差及絕對誤差之平均值在春季事件日及秋季事件日為整體表現為低估但大致可達到模式模擬規範之要求。 檢定MM5氣象模式之輸出風場、溫度與氣象局之地面測站比對,可發現MM5之模擬溫度場較實測值低,低估情況在秋季較為明顯,而風速則高估,在相關文獻亦指出,模式模擬之偏差主要受輸入之氣象場及排放源影響。因此,MM5在風場及溫度場上模擬之偏差可能為造成光化學模式模擬濃度低估之其中因素。
In this study, the air quality model (Comprehensive Air Quality Model with Extensions, CAMx) were used to simulate the ozone episode in central Taiwan and evaluate the performance of modeling result. When doing the model simulation, we need two input data, the emission inventory data which were used from Taiwan Emission Data System, TEDS with version 6.1 and meteorological modeling results were used from Fifth-Generation NCAR/Penn State Mesoscle Model (MM5) simulation. The CAMx model was used to analyze two ozone episodes in spring and autumn (2005), each episodes covers about five consecutive days in the Central Taiwan. The model simulation results showed the pollution transportation would be affected by wind field and geography profile. The model performance analyses were done by company the observation data from the air quality monitoring station and Central Weather Bureau in the Central Taiwan. Results showed that the inaccuracy of simulation may be caused by the overestimate of the wind field and the temporal variation of the emissions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5761
其他識別: U0005-2107201022083700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2107201022083700
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