Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5781
標題: 以二次生長法合成MFI薄膜探討表面型態與氣體滲透之研究
Fabrication and characterization of MFI zeolite membranes by secondary growth method for gas separation
作者: 張馨方
Chang, Hsin-Fang
關鍵字: MFI zeolite membranes
MFI沸石薄膜
Secondary growth method
Molecular sieve
Gas separation
二次生長法
分子篩
氣體分離
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 沸石薄膜是一種鋁矽酸鹽的結晶型態,並具有分子篩選的特性,由於沸石薄膜能夠在許多嚴苛的環境下分離多種分子,因此廣泛應用於工業上。MFI型的沸石薄膜孔徑大小約為5.6 × 5.4 Å左右,其熱穩定性以及化學穩定性高,品質良好的MFI沸石薄膜通常為厚度較薄的膜且沒有缺陷,才能得到高通量與高選擇性的薄膜。 在本次的研究中,是在α-Al2O3擔體上合成純矽的MFI結構沸石薄膜,屬於二次生長法,晶核的植種方法是將含有晶核的懸浮溶液滴於擔體表面上,其中重要的影響參數有:晶核尺寸大小、晶核植種量、前驅溶液的莫耳比、水熱合成溫度、水熱合成時間等。完成之薄膜以FE-SEM、BET與XRD等特性分析其晶體表面結構與物理特性,並以單一氣體滲透實驗在室溫下進行薄膜分離氫氣、二氧化碳、氧氣和氮氣的性能測試,探討薄膜的氣體滲透性能。 實驗結果顯示,含有晶核的懸浮溶液滴於擔體表面,以二次生長法製備薄膜,可以製備出高品質的純矽MFI沸石分子篩膜,其薄膜的合成參數如下:第一次水熱前驅溶液莫耳比為TEOS:0.12TPAOH:0.08NaOH:100H2O,第一次水熱合成溫度為110℃,水熱合成時間為48小時,第二次水熱前驅溶液莫耳比為TEOS:0.025TPAOH:0.25NaOH:250H2O,水熱合成溫度為105℃,水熱合成時間為72小時,鍛燒溫度為500℃。
Zeolite membranes are crystalline aluminosilicates with molecular sieving properties. They can be widely used in industrial applications due to their capability to continuously separate molecules under severe conditions. The MFI zeolite structure has uniform pore diameter for gas separation, and its thermal and chemical stability is high. In order to obtain high performance MFI membranes, a thin and defect free film is needed for high flux and high selectivity. In this study, silica-MFI-type zeolite membranes were synthesized on α-Al2O3 supports by drop seeding. The effect of seed particle size, loading weight, precursor solution molar rate, reaction temperature and reaction time as well as gas permeation properties were investigated. The as-synthesized membranes were characterized by FE-SEM, BET and XRD. The quality of the membranes was evaluated by the permeation separation of single gas H2, CO2, O2, and N2 at room temperature. The results indicated that the high quality silica-MFI zeolite membranes can be prepared by the two times of secondary growth method with drop seeding under the conditions: for the first time, precursor solution molar rate of TEOS:0.12TPAOH:0.08NaOH:100H2O, reaction temperature of 110℃ and reaction time of 48 hr; for the second times, precursor solution molar rate of TEOS:0.025TPAOH:0.25NaOH:250H2O, reaction temperature of 105℃ and reaction time of 72 hr.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5781
其他識別: U0005-2906201022141000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2906201022141000
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