請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5788
標題: Anammox-MSBR系統中共存微生物結構與互動之研究
Structure and Interactions of Co-existing Microorganisms in an Anammox-MSBR System
作者: 王淳信
Wong, Suen-Shin
關鍵字: 厭氧氨氧化
Anammox
共存微生物
Co-existing microorganisms
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 二十世紀以來,由於人類各種產業之發展,大量含氮污染物未經處理便排放至環境中,破壞環境生態及危害生物與人體健康。傳統用於處理含氮廢污水之硝化/脫硝程序,操作成本較為昂貴。厭氧氨氧化作用為近年新發現之微生物氮循環作用,進行此作用之自營性微生物,可於無氧環境下將NH4+與NO2−反應產生氮氣,厭氧氨氧化微生物的研究與應用為現今環境工程學界熱門的課題。但是,由於厭氧氨氧化微生物於生長代謝上有諸多限制,因此厭氧氨氧化程序操作不易。現今對於厭氧氨氧化微生物生長限制之研究多針對系統的操作參數進行實驗,對於系統中其他共存微生物之影響較少進行討論。 本研究以厭氧氨氧化作用薄膜生物反應器(Anammox-MSBR)為實驗對象,長期操作並控制其除氮效能穩定,以分子生物技術分析其微生物結構,探討各種微生物之間的關係與對系統之影響。水質分析結果顯示系統於400天操作下,對NH4+與NO2−之去除率平均可維持於80%以上,若效能穩定可達90%,對無機總氮去除率則從70%提升至90%。系統除氮作用以厭氧氨氧化作用為主,但脫硝作用之表現有逐漸顯著,氮化物比例調整不當會造成效能下降。 影響系統效能原因應與系統中微生物族群有關,包括厭氧氨氧化微生物與其他異營性微生物,除氮微生物以厭氧氨氧化微生物Ca. Brocadia sp. 40、Ca. Brocadia sinica與脫硝菌Thauera sp. MZ1T為主。厭氧氨氧化微生物數量約為108 copies/μg DNA,FISH結果顯示其族群比例從50%上升至80%,多生長於污泥內側。系統中的Thauera sp. MZ1T、Lentisphaerae bacterium與綠色不含硫菌族群能使污泥聚集形成生物膜與顆粒型態。 生物膜與顆粒污泥中,Ca. Brocadia sinica代謝產生之NO3−與溶解性有機物,將利於異營性脫硝菌生長,與污泥內側的厭氧氨氧化微生物競爭NO2−。雖然系統於適當之條件下操作,仍會因微生物之間的競爭造成氮化物比例失衡與除氮效能不穩定。
Since the 20th century, due to the anthropogenic developments, significant amount of nitrogen-containing pollutants are being discharged to the environment without appropriate treatment. These pollutants may cause environmental damages and human health risks. In traditional wastewater treatment, nitrification/denitrification process is used for removing nitrogen compounds. The operating cost of this process is somehow expensive. The anammox theory is a newly discovered microbial nitrogen cycling process. This autotrophs mediating anammox process could convert ammonium and nitrite directly into nitrogen gas under anoxic environment. Hence, research and application of anammox process become increasingly popular in the field of environmental engineering. However, anammox systems are not easy to operate since this process is influenced by many factors. Most studies on related inhibitory factors of anammox process have focused solely on the operating conditions. So far, there are not many discussions on the co-existing microorganisms in anammox systems as well as on their interactions. In this study, the main objective was to maintain a stable long-term nitrogen removal of an anammox membrane bioreactor (Anammox-MSBR), and to evaluate the community structure and interaction of co-existing microorganisms as well as their effects on this anammox system performance. Within 400 days of oepration, results showed that the system kept average removal efficiency of ammonium and nitrite between 80% and 90% stably, and with an increasing average removal efficiency of inorganic nitrogen compounds (ammonium, nitrite and nitrate) from 70% to 90%. The main nitrogen removal mechanism of this system is anammox procces, but denitrification process in this system became significant graduately. If the ratio of ammonium to nitrite is improper, the system efficiency would temporarily decline. The system performance is related to the microbial community. Microorganisms in this system include anammox bacteria and other heterotrophs. The main nitrogen removal bacteria are Ca. Brocadia sp. 40, Ca. Brocadia sinica and Thauera sp. MZ1T. The anammox bacterial density in this system was 108 copies per μg DNA. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis showed that ratio of anammox bacteria to total eubacteria increased from 50% to 80%, and most anammox bacteria are located in the inner area of the sludge. Thauera sp. MZ1T, Lentisphaerae bacterium and green non-sulfur bacteria in this system could contribute to the formation of biofilm and granular sludge. In biofilm and granular sludge, nitrate and soluble microbial products (SMP) produced by Ca. Brocadia sinica would enhance heterotrophic denitrifying bacteria growing in system and competing with anammox bacteria for nitrite. Even though the system was operated under suitable conditions, the competition between microorganisms still resulted in an improper ratio of ammonium to nitrite, and the temporarily decline of system efficiency.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5788
其他識別: U0005-0708201311332100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0708201311332100
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