請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5808
標題: 以乳化液進行底泥中十溴聯苯醚移除之可行性研究
Emulsion-enabled removal of decabrominated diphenyl ether in river sediments‏
作者: 王維鼎
Wang, Wei-Ting
關鍵字: 溴化阻燃劑
brominated flame retardants
十溴聯苯醚
乳化液
模擬底泥
decabrominated diphenyl ether, emulsion
sediments
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 多溴聯苯醚 (PBDEs) 是目前工業上常用之阻燃劑,阻燃劑的主要功能即為延長著火時間與降低火勢蔓延速度進而保障生命財產安全。紡織品、印刷電路板、電子產品外殼及家具等為了防止火災,均有在產品中加入阻燃劑,而溴化阻燃劑因其阻燃效果良好及價格便宜的特性而廣受歡迎。其中又以多溴聯苯醚中之十溴聯苯醚最常被使用,但溴化阻燃劑在上大多使用直接添加方法,由於沒有與產品分子形成鍵結,因此很容易在產品的使用階段即開始釋放進入環境中。而多溴聯苯醚之環境宿命為容易累積於河川底泥中,且本身具有生物累積性、神經發展毒性、致畸胎性、致癌性及內分泌干擾能力等危害,若進入到生態系統中將造成一定程度之環境衝擊。 因此本研究之實驗構想為以食品級界面活性劑將大豆油分散於水中形成細小之油顆粒,製備出食品級乳化液,再將乳化液注入於河川底泥中,利用十溴聯苯醚疏水且親油性極高之特性而進入乳化液之油顆粒中,最後再進行破乳程序使乳化液中之油顆粒因團聚而與水相分層後浮於水面,再予以移除,達到去除河川底泥中之十溴聯苯醚之目的。研究結果顯示,最接近實場底泥情形之模擬底泥實驗組 (含有離子強度及腐植酸濃度) 可去除 95.02% 之十溴聯苯醚,並發現底泥中具有離子強度及650 ppm 之腐植酸濃度皆有助於提升十溴聯苯醚之去除率。此結果顯示本實驗製備之乳化液注入底泥後不僅對底泥生態系統衝擊較低,且可有效移除底泥中之十溴聯苯醚;基於此實驗現象,乳化液對於底泥中其他種類之疏水性有機污染物同樣應當具備一定之去除潛力。綜合上述之結果,本研究認為以乳化液移除底泥中十溴聯苯醚及其他性質相近之污染物的整治方法為未來河川底泥整治之可行技術之一。
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used as flame retardant to reduce the propagation of fires and to save life and property. There are several types of fire retardants being added into textiles, circuit board, and shell of electronic products. The brominated flame retardants (BFRs) have high cost-effectiveness and, thus, a higher popularity than other flame retardants. Decabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-209), one of the PBDEs widely used as BFRs, is usually “added” into the materials without forming any binding. Therefore, it is easy to release from product to environment. In the environments, it is easily accumulate in sediments and have the risk of bioaccumulation, neurotoxicity, teratogenicity, carcinogenicity, and endocrine disruptive capacity posing high environmental concerns. The purpose of this study is to formulate an emulsion with food-grade ingredients to directly recover BDE-209 from river sediment since its logKow is around 10.0. After the oil droplet of this emulsion contacted BDE-209, the emulsion is separated into two phases, oil and water. After retrieving the oil, the amount of BDE-209 in sediment will greatly reduced. The results of this study show that under high ionic strength and moderate level of humic acid (650 ppm in sediment solution or 0.65% in dry weight), this new emulsion can remove 95% of BDE-209. Actually, ionic strength and humic acid may benefit the recovery rate of BDE-209 in sediments. These results indicate that this new emulsion treatment process not only has lower impact of the sediment ecosystem but also results in effective removal of BDE-209 in sediments. The results also suggest that this emulsion may be used to recover other high Kow contaminants in sediments.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5808
其他識別: U0005-0108201215391400
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0108201215391400
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