Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65873
標題: 木賊葉木麻黃種源於台灣12年生長變異之研究
Studies on 12 years growth variation of provenances of Casuarina equisetifolia in Taiwan
作者: 韓明琦
Han, Ming-Chi
關鍵字: Casuarinas equisetifolia
木賊葉木麻黃
broad-sense heritability
provenances test
morphological characteristics
廣義遺傳率
種源試驗
形態性狀
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 木賊葉木麻黃(Casuarinas equisetifolia)為分布廣泛之樹種,由於形態上具有稀疏之樹冠,對強風之通透性佳,也因其海岸飛砂固定能力強、具耐乾旱之特性,至今仍是台灣海岸第一線之重要防風林樹種。為配合木賊葉木麻黃國際種源之遺傳變異研究,1992年時林業試驗所參與Winrock國際農業發展研究所(Winrock International Agriculture Development Research Institute)研究計畫下之木賊葉木麻黃國際種源試驗,1993年於四湖海岸試驗林及澎湖講美完成造林。 本試驗欲探討種源之變異狀況,並計算廣義遺傳率及遺傳變方百分率,以了解遺傳之特性;測驗其生長性狀之相關性,並利用線性迴歸,試圖找出最適合台灣四湖海岸生長之種源及早期選拔之年齡;利用主成份因子分析做形態性狀之綜合評估,以了解種源之形態特性,並利用主成分因子分析和歸群分析,了解種源間之空間分布及相互關係。 結果得知28種源於四湖及澎湖試區,環境因子為主要影響種源表現差異之原因;樹高、胸徑及存活率,於大部分之年份間呈顯著差異;遺傳率除四湖地區之存活率達0.9外,其餘遺傳率之值多介於0.4~0.7間,由遺傳百分率得知遺傳變異多受到環境變異之影響;經各項分析後建議以4年~5年間作為早期選拔之年齡;而生長適應較佳之種源為:巴布亞新幾內亞12號種源、菲律賓23號種源、沙巴17、18號種源、澳洲1號種源;在形態性狀之綜合評估上,可分成以下五種特性:較粗且長之落葉性小枝或永存枝條之種源、樹高及胸徑大且幹受害程度小之種源、主幹維持性與直立性有較好之表現種源、永存性枝條之角度較大種源、葉受害低以及永存枝條密度較高之種源;而於空間分布上大致可看出,澳洲天然分布之區種源與東南亞天然分布區種源呈2群團,族群並無明顯之漸變趨勢。
Casuarinas equisetifolia has a wide nature range. It’s still the most important trees of windbreak on the first coast line in Taiwan because of it has few and scattered form let winds flow and it can fixed flow sand and to adapt drought. In the 1992, Taiwan had a cooperation international provenance test of C. equisetifolia with the Winrock International Agriculture Development Research Institute. This report study on the variation of provenance for analysis significance tests, assess broad-sense heritability and variance components to understand the genetic characteristic. Test the Pearson’s correlation of growth and applied regression analysis to try to find the best provenance and the age for early selection. To Applied the factor analysis with principal components solution for morphological characteristic of joint assessed to understand characteristics of provenances. Understand the correlation and space distribution between the provenances that to apply the factor analysis with principal components solution and Cluster analysis. The result of that the 28 provenances had large environmental effect both in Sihhu and Penghu. Height, DBH and survival percentage had a significant between provenances in almost age classes. Except the survival value 0.9 in Sihhu on broad-sense heritability, the value of others between 0.4~0.7. Result of the variance components, the genetic variance had effected from environmental variance. Propose to 5 year can be the early selection age, Papua New Guinea (No. 12)、Philippines (No. 23)、Sabah (No. 18, 17)、Australia (No. 1) are the best provenances in Sihhu. The five characteristic from the morphological characteristic of joint assess: coarse and long in branchlets or branches, large height and DBH as small stem damage, great axis persistence and stem straightness, large angle of branches. The geographic variation exists among provenances from the provenances variation. On the space distribution, natural population from Australia/Pacific and South-East Asia had two forming a separate group and there had no significant cline in provenances.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65873
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