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The Current Status Analysis and Future Development of Taiwan Bamboo Industry
Bamboo is a significant forest product, and bamboo manufacturing is the essential conventional industry in Taiwan. However, Taiwan bamboo industry declined conspicuously as a result of the industry environment transition. This research analyzes secondary data and primary data. The secondary data include Taiwan bamboo resources and bamboo products import and export commerce. The primary data include questionnaire investigation of bamboo manufacturing and interviews with bamboo farmers and particular bamboo manufacturers. For the purpose, it comprises understanding the current status of Taiwan bamboo management and bamboo manufacturing, knowing well the market development trend, and indicating the future direction that can be a proposal for the government, farmers and manufacturers. As a result, owing to acres, wages, production costs, price competition, channels, etc. farmers lose heart in bamboo management. Should be intensive farming and specialization demarcation, as well as transformation from traditional agriculture to leisure industry in the future. In regard to bamboo products import and export commerce, the main exporters are America and Japan, and the main importers are China and Vietnam. The furniture and seats of bamboo have stronger competitiveness. In Taiwan, most of bamboo manufacturer are small business, and process with culm. The bamboo manufacturing attaches importance to the stability of raw material supply and bamboo process properties. The manufacturer's major advantage is the process rationalization in production management. Nevertheless, in that price competition of import bamboo products, incapable of automation process, expensive material cost, substitute threat, etc. there are 55 % manufacturers growing negatively in the past ten years. Therefore the government, academic sections and industrial circles should cooperate to develop exquisite and great benefit products, and to hold exhibitions and promotion. At present, the exquisite furniture of bamboo, bamboo sword, and bamboo work possess still development potential in bamboo manufacturing. Besides, emerging bamboo charcoal and bamboo vinegar manufacturing creates a turning point for bamboo industry. Should draw up positively identification mechanism, popularize commodities, develop functional products, and establish industry strategic alliance hereafter.
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