請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65955
標題: 臺灣鬼督郵屬 (菊科) 植物之系統分類學研究
Systematics Study on Ainsliaea DC. (Asteraceae) in Taiwan
作者: 安柏翰
An, Bow-Han
關鍵字: Ainsliaea DC.
鬼督郵屬
Asteraceae
systematics
Ainsliaea kitamurae
Ainsliaea nanaoensis
菊科
系統分類學
北村氏鬼督郵
南澳鬼督郵
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 臺灣菊科 (Asteraceae) 帚菊木族 (Mutisieae Cass.) 鬼督郵屬 (Ainsliaea DC.) 植物多分布於全島低至高海拔林緣濕潤之環境,為森林地被植物組成之ㄧ。鬼督郵屬植物之主要特徵:莖單一,通常不具分枝,並具有基生呈蓮座狀 (rosulate) 或聚生於莖中段的葉子;頭花 (capitula) 少量開花 (few-flowered),小花 (floret) 具5瓣深裂;連萼瘦果,先端具羽毛狀的冠毛等。本研究以外觀形態、花粉形態、地理分布及數量分類等對臺灣鬼督郵屬植物進行系統分類學研究。結果顯示,果實形態為各分類群間之重要鑑定依據,葉下表皮之氣孔形式及表皮細胞之排列及垂周壁之特徵,亦可為劃分分類群間之佐證,而數量分類之結果亦支持由外觀形態所劃分之各分類群。 本研究之結果將臺灣鬼督郵屬植物處理為2組7種1變種1疑問種,分別為長穗鬼督郵 (A. henryi Diels)、臺灣寬葉鬼督郵 (A. latifolia (D. Don) Sch. Bip. var. taiwanensis Freire ex Tseng & An)、香鬼督郵 (A. fragrans Champ. ex Benth.)、川上氏鬼督郵 (A. kawakamii Hay.)、北村氏鬼督郵 (A. kitamurae Tseng & An)、阿里山鬼督郵 (A. macroclinidioides Hay.)、南澳鬼督郵 (A. nanaoensis Tseng & An)、中原氏鬼督郵 (A. secundiflora Hayata) 及能高鬼督郵 (A. paucicapitata Hay.),其中北村氏鬼督郵及南澳鬼督郵為本研究提出之新種,而能高鬼督郵列為疑問種。除長穗鬼督郵、臺灣寬葉鬼督郵及阿里山鬼督郵之外,臺灣鬼督郵屬植物多數侷限分布於特定區域。文中提供各分類群之特徵描述、地理分布圖、彩色照片及檢索表。
Ainsliaea DC. is an Asiatic genus of Mutisieae Cass. (Asteraceae). The genus is defined by its stems unbranched, with leaves basally rosulate or congested at the median part of the stem, capitula few-flowered, florets deeply 5-cleft with unilateral lobes, cypsela and plumose pappus. In this study, we attempted to revise the present systematics study of Ainsliaea DC. in Taiwan with morphology, pollen morphology, geographic distribution and numerical taxonomy. Roots and leaf abaxial epidermis structure were shown to be valuable for classification within each taxa. Two sections, 8 taxa were recognized in this study, including two new species and one uncertain species: A. henryi Diels, A. latifolia (D. Don) Sch. Bip. var. taiwanensis Freire ex Tseng & An, A. fragrans Champ. ex Benth., A. kawakamii Hayata, A. kitamurae Tseng & An, A. macroclinidioides Hayata, A. nanaoensis Tseng & An, A. secundiflora Hayata and A. paucicapitata Hayata. Most species of Ainsliaea DC. in Taiwan were narrowly distributed in local range, only 3 species, A. henryi Diels, A. latifolia (D. Don) Sch. Bip. var. taiwanensis Freire ex Tseng & An and A. macroclinidioides Hayata were widely distributed throughout island. Descriptions, distribution maps, photos and keys were provided in this study. These are the references for systematics to Ainsliaea DC. in Taiwan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65955
其他識別: U0005-0908201115254600
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0908201115254600
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