Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65997
標題: 應用生長模式於紅檜及柳杉人工林單木生長之探討
The Application of Growth Models on Individual Tree Growth for Taiwan red cypress (Chamaecyparis formosensis) and Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) plantations
作者: 賴怡蓉
Lai, Yi-Rong
關鍵字: Taiwan red cypress
紅檜
Japanese cedar
growth model
the Richards growth model
柳杉
生長模式
Richards生長模式
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 本研究之目的旨在應用生長模式探討紅檜 (Chamaecyparsis formosensis)及柳杉 (Cryptomeria japonica var. japonica) 人工林單木生長,其內容包括以Schumacher模式、Richards模式、Mitsceritch模式、Logistic模式及Gompertz模式等生長模式模擬樹高生長、胸高斷面積生長及材積生長,並以RMSE值評估模擬效果,最後以模擬效果最佳之生長模式進一步探討不同直徑級之生長。本研究研究區域為大安溪事業區第121、123林班之紅檜人工林及巒大事業區第74林班之柳杉人工林,以2004年之疏伐樣木為材料,區分為五個直徑級並進行樹幹解析。各生長模式模擬單木生長結果顯示,以RMSE值評估各生長模式之模擬效果,紅檜及柳杉之單木樹高生長、胸高斷面積生長及材積生長模擬皆以Richards生長模式之RMSE值為最小,顯示該模式模擬效果為最佳。以Richards模式探討各性態值生長所得結果如下: (1) 樹高生長方面,紅檜及柳杉各直徑級之tHmax值皆在0~5年之間,且BHmax、tHmax、hmax與Hmax在各直徑級之差異皆不顯著。(2) 胸高斷面積生長方面,紅檜及柳杉之胸高斷面積平均生長量最大值發生時間皆與直徑級無明顯相關,紅檜胸高斷面積平均生長量最大值發生時間約為19~25年生,柳杉約為16~21年生。(3) 材積生長方面,各直徑級紅檜材積之最大生長速率發生時間為13~25年生之間,較柳杉之15~27年生之間晚,紅檜直徑級I的平均生長量達最大值之時期約為20年生時,較其他直徑級約為30~40年生時為晚。柳杉直徑級II、直徑級III、直徑級V的平均生長量達最大值之時期約為20~30年生之間,直徑級IV則在50年生時才會達到均生長量最大值。本研究所得之結果,可提供為紅檜及柳杉人工林不同直徑級之生長現況及預測未來生長,可做為經營人工林之參考依據。
The purpose of this study is to discuss the growth models to predict individual tree growth for Chamaecyparis formosensis and Cryptomeria japonica var. japonica plantations. Five growth models, i.e., Schumacher, Richards, Mitsceritch, Logistic and Gompertz growth model, were used to simulate tree growth of tree height (H) growth, basal area (BA) growth, and volume (V), respectively. Then, the RMSE was adopted to evaluate the results of the simulated effects. Moreover, the tree growth in different diameter class growth was compared. The study area was located in no. 121 and 123 compartment of Da-An-Shi working circle and no. 74 compartment of Luan-Da working circle. The result of individual tree growth shows that the Richards growth model had a small RMSE for H, BA, and V, indicating that this model had well simulated effects on tree growth in all tree characteristics. I found that (1) in H growth, tHmax of Taiwan red cypress ,and Japanese Cedar were age 0~5 year old, and the BHmax, tHmax, hmax, and Hmax were not different among diameter classes; (2) in BA growth, the time of maximum average increment of Taiwan red cypress, and Japanese cedar were not different among diameter classes. The time of maximum average increment of Taiwan red was 19~25 years old and Japanese cedar had the time of maximum average increment about 16~21 years old; (3)in V growth,the time of maximum growth rate of Taiwan red cypress (13~25 years old) was Japanese cedar (15~27 years old). The time of maximum average increment of Taiwan red cypress diameter class I was about 20 years old later than other diameter class. The time of maximum average increment of Japanese cedar diameter class II, III, and V were about 20~30 years old. Diameter class IV was 50 years old.The results will provide foundational information of plantations growth for Taiwan red cypress, and Japanese cedar.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65997
其他識別: U0005-2007201113163400
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2007201113163400
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