請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66070
標題: 台灣金午時花屬 (錦葵科) 植物之系統分類學研究
Systemetics Study of Sida L. (Malvaceae) in Taiwan
作者: 林惠雯
Lin, Hui-Wen
關鍵字: taxonomy
植物分類
Sida
mericarp
Malvaceae
Taiwan
金午時花屬
分果片
錦葵科
臺灣
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 本研究主要以觀察植物外觀形態特徵並配合微形態特徵、數量分類及地理分布等資料,針對臺灣金午時花 (Sida L.) 植物進行分類研究。結果發現在營養器官方面以莖的習性、葉形及被毛情況可區分至組的階層,其中葉大小及葉形變異大無法作為穩定的分類依據,但葉表皮及毛狀物的形態特徵,則相對穩定且分組結果支持Freyxell (1985);在繁殖器官方面以花冠形狀與大小、雄蕊與雌蕊數、果形狀、分果片及花粉等外觀形態特徵可有效的區分至種的階級。在花粉形態上,本屬植物種間差異不大,表面紋飾皆為乳突顆粒狀並均勻散布圓錐狀棘刺,具花粉孔且皆為散孔粒,其中在花粉孔數量可明顯分出兩群。根據研究結果發現分果片 (mericarps) 的形態特徵可以有效的區分出臺灣金午時花屬植物的每一個種類,可做為本屬植物之最佳分類依據。數量分類結果與外觀形態的結果相同,同一物種皆被歸成一群,但其結果不支持Freyxell (1985) 的分組結果。本研究結果將本屬植物處理為11種 (包括1新種),分列為:細葉金午時花 (S. acuta Burm. f.)、榿葉金午時花 (S. alnifolia L.)、中華金午時花 (S. chinensis Retz.)、澎湖金午時花 (S. cordata (Burm. f.) Borss.)、圓葉金午時花 (S. cordifolia L.)、恆春金午時花 (S. insularis Hatusima)、爪哇金午時花 (S. javensis Cavan.)、薄葉金午時花 (S. mysorensis Wight & Arn.)、金午時花 (S. rhombifolia L.)、刺金午時花 (S. spinosa L.) 及一新種呂氏金午時花(S. lui Tseng & Lin);其中將恆春金午時花由亞種提升至種的階層;將東方金午時花 (S. orientalis Cav.) 併入金午時花中;而刺金午時花則為臺灣一新歸化植物。
The systemetics study of Sida L. grown in Taiwan was carried out mainly based on the traditional classification, micromorphology, numerical taxonomy and geographic distribution studies. The morphology of vegetative organs, including stem, leaf-shape, and trichomes are good value for the section leavel classification of Sida. The shape and size of corolla, the number of stamen and pistil, fruit-shape, morphology of mericarp and pollen can distinguish one species from other species of the genus. The observations indicate that mericarp characters, are the best bet in the species level classification of this problematic genus. According to the study, this genus in Taiwan was treated into 11 taxa, include 10 species and 1 new species. The taxa are listed below: S. acuta Burm. f., S. alnifolia L., S. chinensis Retz., Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borss., S. cordifolia L., S. insularis Hatusima, S. javensis Cavan., S. mysorensis Wight & Arn., S. rhombifolia L., S. spinosa L., and a new species S. lui Tseng & Lin. Besides S. insularis Hatusima was transfered into the species leavel from subspecies. S. orientalis Cav. is treated as a synonym of S. rhombifolia L.. And S. spinosa L. is a newly naturalized plant in Taiwan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66070
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0707201022305700
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