Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66083
標題: 惠蓀林場不同林分土壤之入滲速率研究
Study of soil water infiltration in different stands at Huisun forest station
作者: 李泓
Lee, Hung
關鍵字: broadleaf
針葉林
conifer
soil
infiltration
bulk density
soil organic
soil water content
闊葉林
土壤入滲速率
土壤容積密度
土壤有機質
土壤含水率
出版社: 森林學系所
引用: 王平義、趙川 (2004) 三峽庫區土壤滲透特性實驗研究。重慶交通學院學報 23(6): 86- 89。 王兵、魏文俊、冷冷 (2006) 寧夏六盤山不同森林類型土壤儲水與入滲研究。內蒙古大學學報 27(3): 1- 5。 王慧芳、邵明安 (2006) 含碎石土壤水分入滲試驗研究。水科學進展 17(5) : 604- 609。 林俐玲、蔡義誌、游韋菁 (2008) 礫石敷蓋與混合對土壤沖蝕影響之研究。中華水土保持學報 39(2): 195- 206。 李斌兵、鄭粉莉 (2008) 黃土坡面不同土地利用下的降雨入滲模擬與數值計算。乾旱地區農業研究 26(5): 118- 123。 胡弘道 (1993) 森林土壤學。茂昌圖書有限公司 p141- 162。 胡蘇澄 (1993) 蓮華池地區陡坡地栽植檳榔對土壤水文性質與沖蝕性之影響。林業試驗所研究報告季刊 8(4): 271- 276。 許明祥、劉國彬、卜崇峰、賈海燕 (2002) 圓盤入滲儀法策定不同利用方式土壤滲透性試驗研究。農業工程學報 18(4): 54- 58。 陳一兵 (1997) 紫色土滲透性的對比研究。 水土保持學報17(2): 11- 13。 陳明義、許博行、吳聲海 (2001)關刀溪森林生態系。 國立中興大學實驗林管理處 p12- 44。 陳信雄 (1990) 森林水文學。千華出版社 p435- 460。 陳樹群、王士豪、林俊岳、陳駿豪 (2008) 不同類型人造被覆資材抑制坡地沖蝕之成效分析。中華水土保持學報 39(3): 289- 302。 張怡佩 (2009) 惠蓀林場天然闊葉林與杉木林土壤呼吸之季節變化。中興大學碩士論文 p33- 34。 楊永輝、趙世偉、雷廷武、劉汗 (2008) 寧南黃土丘陵區不同質倍下土壤入滲性能。應用生態學報 19(5): 1040- 1045。 馮豐隆(1997) 關刀溪森林生態系研究。國科會計畫報告 1- 19。 黃裕群 (2000) 關刀溪森林集水區之蒸散量推估。中興大學碩士論文p17- 18。 黃皇嘉、溫智超、謝孟益 (2005) 降雨量大小對土壤入滲機制之影響。農業工程學報 51(1): 34- 45。 董偉、韓波、王兆品、冷鵬 (2006) 濟南市南部山區幾種林分涵養水源功能的研究。山東林業科技 NO. 2: 18- 19。 郭忠生、吳欽孝 (1996) 森林植被對土壤入滲速率的影響。 陜西林業科技3: 27- 31。 郭忠生、邵明安 (2009) 半乾旱人工林地土壤入滲過程分析。土壤學報 46(5): 953- 958。 郭魁士 (1997) 土壤學。中國書局 p486- 507 。 鐘啟榮 (1998) 關刀溪森林集水區降雨與逕流關係之研究。中興大學碩士論文p25- 33。 Baker C. (1998) A high magnitude storm and flood in a hyperarid catchment, Nahal Zin, Negev Desert, Israel. Hydrological Processes 12(1) : 1- 23. Bauters, T. W. J., D. A, Dicarlo and T. S. Steenhuis (2000) Soil water content dependent Wetting characteristics in sands. Jounal of Hydrology 231: 224- 254. Brakensia, D. L. and W. J. Rawls (1994) soil containing rock fragments: effects of infiltration. Catena 23 : 99- 110. Cerda, A. (1996) Seasonal variability of infiltration rates under contrasting slope conditions in southeast Spain. Geoderma 69: 217- 232. Carol, P. H. and P. D. Scruggs (2003) Infiltration on mountain slopes: a comparison of three environments. Geomorphology 55 : 5- 24. Diskin, M. H. and N. Nazimov (1996) Ponding time and infiltration capacity variation during steady rainfall. Journal of Hydrology 178: 369- 380 Daily, G. C. (1995) Restoring value to the worlds degraded lands. Science. 269 : 350- 354. Diment, G. A. and K. K. Watson,(1985) Stability analysis of Movement in Unsaturated Porous Material 3. Experimental Studies. Water Reour. Res. 21(7): 979- 984. Greenbaum, N., A. Margalit, A. P. Schick, D. Sharon and V. R. Baker (1998) A high magnitude storm and flood in a hyperarid catchment, Nahal Zin, Negev Desert, Israel. Hydrological Processes 12(1) : 1- 23. Krishn, R. T., B. K. Sitaula, B. M. Roshan and B. Trond (2008) Runoff and soil loss responses to rainfall, land use, terracing and management practices in the Middle Mountains of Nepal. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B _ Soil and Plant Science 1- 11. Mein, R. G. and C. L. Larson (1973) Modelling infiltration during a steady rain. Water Resour. Res. 9: 384- 394. Michelle, A. and R. P. D. Walsh (2007) A portable rainfall simulator for field assessment of splash and slopewash in remote locations. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms 32: 2052- 2069. Lange, J. (2005) Dynamics of transmission losses in a large arid stream channel. Journal of Hydrology 306 (1) : 112- 126. Philip, J. R. (1957) Theory of infiltration rate at long times. Soil Sci. 134: 346- 347. Scanlon, B. R. (2004) Evaluation of methods of estimating recharge in semiarid and arid regions in the southwestern US. Science and Application 235-354. Sorman, A. U. and J. Abdulrazzak (1993) Infiltration-recharge through Wadi beds in arid regions. Hydrological Sciences 38 (3) : 173- 186. Seyfried, M. S. and M. D. Murdock (2001) Response of a new soil water sensor to variable soil. Soil Sci. 65(1): 28- 34. She, D. L., M. A. Shao, L. C. Timm, I. Plasenti´s, K. Reichardt and S. E. Yu (2009) Impacts of land-use pattern on soil water-content variability on the Loess Plateau of China. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B _ Soil and Plant Science 1- 12. Uttam, K. M., K. V. Rao, P. K. Mishra, K. P. R. Vittal, K. L. Sarma, B. Narsimlu and K.Venkanna (2005) Soil infiltration, runoff and sediment yield from a shallow soil with varied stone cover and intensity of rain. European Journal of Soil Science 56: 435- 443. Watson, D. A. and J. M. Laflen (1986) Soil strength, slope and rainfall intensity on interrill erosion. Transactions of the ASAE 29 (1): 98- 102. Woods, E., M. Sivapalan and J. Robinson (1997) Modeling the spatial variability of subsurface runoff using a topographic index. Water Resources Research 33 (5): 1061- 1073.
摘要: 本實驗之研究地點設在惠蓀林場第4、5林班地靠近關刀溪處。為了瞭解不同林分狀況對土壤入滲速率的影響, 本研究在天然闊葉林區內設一樣點;在杉木人工造林區設置兩個樣點:一為表土維持原本狀態者之樣點,以及表土受到模擬農作干擾破壞者之樣點。實驗中所採用的是單筒滲透筒法,取樣原理簡單且製作成本低廉、操作容易,在細心的操作下可以得到相當程度的可信數據。實驗結果顯示土壤容積密度在不同林分狀況下,變化皆在1.5 - 2之間,對於土壤水之入滲速率呈現不顯著的負相關,其與土壤水入滲速率的R2在0.555- 0.022之間;土壤有機質在12.57 %- 18.44%之間,其與初始和平衡入滲速率的R2分別為0.02和0.06;而土壤含水率之變動範圍在17.4 %- 10.1 %之間,其特別在天然闊葉林樣點BF的平均穩定入滲速率相關性上,有著較高的R2值 0.893,並且在不同林分狀況下有著相同的負相關趨勢,也就是含水率越高土壤水入滲速率越低,土壤容積密度則剛好也是如此。此外三處樣點中,土壤容積密度對於土壤水入滲速率的影響相對另外兩因子相較偏高的,其比率達到了59- 86 %。而土壤含水率在天然闊葉林佔有第二高的影響,杉木人工林部分則是土壤有機質影響較大。因此在不同林分狀況下,由於不同種類之森林對於土壤因子的影響不同,導致土壤之入滲速率也大不相同,林分植被使得許多土壤因子的改變而使土壤水入滲速率變動。
In this experiment, the study place is located at the huisun forest station, 4th, 5th section and near the gandaushi. It is in order to know the different of soil water infiltration under different forest type. There has two regions to work on. An area located at the huisun forest station in broadleaf stand. In this area, we establishes one sampling point; Another area is located in the coniferous stand. It establishes two sampling points in this region. One plot is keep in the nature situation and the another one that its surface has be disturbed. In this experiment, we use single ring method. We get the sample of bulk density, organic, water content. At the study end, we discovered the bulk density, that value is between 1.5 - 2 under the different stand condition and the water infiltration rat's R2 is between 0.555- 0.022; The value of organic is between 12.57 % - 18.44 %. The relationship with its and the initial and stable infiltration rate''s R2 is 0.02 and 0.06; the soil water content's value is between 17.4 % -10.1 %. In this three plot, it's importance of the effect of bulk density with soil water infiltration have higher percentage 59- 86 % than the other soil factor. Therefore, under the different stand condition, we discover that the different type of forest causes different soil factor''s influence and different infiltration rate.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66083
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1108201015410700
Appears in Collections:森林學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.