Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66114
標題: 三種海岸樹種苗木對不同光環境之反應
Responses of Three Coastal Tree Species Seedling to Different Light Environment
作者: 黃珮瑜
Huang, Pei-Yu
關鍵字: 繖楊
Thespesia populne
台灣海桐
白千層
光度
葉綠素螢光
光抑制
Melaleuca leucadendra
Pittosporum pentantandrum
light
chlorophyll fluorescence
photoinhibition
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 台灣沿海地區屢遭季風及颱風的侵襲,因此海岸防風林對海岸地域的保護極為重要。木麻黃為海岸造林之重要的防風樹種,但長期遭受各種逆境(stress)侵襲,林齡往往僅20∼30年。隨著木麻黃衰老、死亡,導致林下產生孔隙,進而降低防風效果。因此,近十餘年來展開混合造林或林下更新作業之研究。故本研究探討繖楊(Thespesia populne)、白千層(Melaleuca leucadendra)與台灣海桐(Pittosporum pentantandrum)三種海岸樹種在相對光度100%、40%、20%及5%環境下的淨生長量、生物量、葉片角度及比葉面積(SLA)等形態特性與光合作用、色素、可溶性蛋白含量、螢光參數及反射光譜等生理特性,以提供海岸複層林營造樹種選擇之參考。 試驗結果顯示,相對光度5%皆使三樹種苗木生長受限。繖楊與白千層生物量隨著光度的提高而增加,台灣海桐在相對光度達20%後生物量不再顯著增加。相對光度100%及40%下繖楊的根部生物量分配達總生物量的60~70%,台灣海桐葉部形態改變大。繖楊及台灣海桐光度間的光飽和光合作用速率差異不大,範圍分別在7~12及5~8 μmol m-2 s-1,白千層則約為6~17 μmol m-2 s-1,其中繖楊的光合作用對不同光度具可塑性,但相對光度達20%後光資源再增加亦無法提高其光飽和光合作用速率(Asat),且全光處理苗木的淨光合作用速率並非最高。三樹種色素之含量大致隨光度的減低而增加,可溶性蛋白含量在各光度處理下則以台灣海桐含量最高。正午時全光台灣海桐的光抑制情形最嚴重,在遮陰苗木移至全光環境的實驗結果亦顯示台灣海桐的光抑制情形最嚴重;在處理光度改變為全光三週後,繖楊與白千層PSII在光適應下的最大潛能(Fv′/Fm′)皆有恢復,其中以白千層表現為佳。 綜合以上結果,繖楊、台灣海桐與白千層皆可栽植於木麻黃(Casuarina equisetifolia)林下,而繖楊與白千層生長較需光,其中白千層可作為填補木麻黃孔隙之樹種。
In Taiwan, coastal areas are attacked by monsoon and typhoon frequently, and therefore windbreak is very important for seaboard. Casuarina equisetifolia is important for coastal forestry. The age is often only 20~30 years, because of subjected to various stress long-term invasion. With the Casuarina equisetifolia aging, death, leading to forest produce gap, thus reducing wind effect. Therefore, expand the study of mixed forest or forest understory regeneration over the past years. In order to provide a basis for choosing coastal tree species to build multi-storied stand, this research measures physiological and morphological reaction of Thespesia populne、Melaleuca leucadendra and Pittosporum pentantandrum at different light environment. This study set 100%, 40%, 20% and 5% relative light intensity of four light conditions to determine their net growth, biomass, leaf angle, specific leaf area(SLA)and other morphological characteristics, included photosynthesis, pigments, content of soluble protein, fluorescence parameters and spectrum reflectance as well. The results showed that three species seedling growth 5% relative light intensity are limited at 5% relative light intensity. The biomass of T. populne and M. leucadendra were increase with light intensity, but P. pentantandrum not. Under high light conditions, the roots of the T. populne biomass allocation reached 60 to 70% of total biomass, the leaf of P. pentantandrum had big change in morphological and angle. It did not have obvious difference in light-saturated photosynthetic rate between each light of T. populne and P. pentantandrum were in the range 7~12 and 5~8 μmol m-2 s-1, M. leucadendra is about 6 ~ 17 μmol m-2 s-1. In which T. populne had photosynthetic plasticity of different brightness, but after the relative brightness reached 20%, it can’t also improve their light-saturated photosynthetic rate(Asat)significantly, and the net photosynthetic rate of full-optical processing seedlings is not the highest. The content of pigment in three species was increase with the decrease light, and the content of soluble protein of P. pentantandrum is the highest in three species under every light treatments. According to fluorescence parameters, P. pentantandrum seedling growth under full-light and transfer shade to full-light environment were show that suffering most serious photoinhibition. T. populne and M. leucadendra were transferred after three weeks, Fv′/Fm′ both restored in which M. leucadendra had better performance. The above results indicated that the growth of T. populne and M. leucadendra are more sensitive to light. P. pentandrum is a relatively shade-tolerant tree species. T. populne, M. leucadendra and P. pentantandrum could be able to plant in Casuarina equisetifolia forest, in which M. leucadendra can be used to fill the pores of C. equisetifolia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66114
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2308201015393300
Appears in Collections:森林學系

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