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標題: Ethics, Subject and Big Other in Georg Bchner's Danton's Death
作者: 吳宜瑾
Chin, Wu Yi
關鍵字: the Big Other
Array真實感 道德觀 政治家 大革命 倫理學
French Revolution
Danton's Death
出版社: 外國語文學系
摘要: Georg Büchner, in his well-known historical drama Danton's Death, makes vivid descriptions of the legendary statesmen Georges Danton and Maximilien Robespierre. Although many people studied the French Revolution from a historical point of view, Büchner was unique in that he started another art form. In this play, excerpts of recent, widely known, historical facts were interwoven with a fictional play to give it an enhanced sense of reality. In this thesis, I will discuss the main problem in this play—the question of ethics. First of all, I will utilize ancient concepts of Epicureanism and Stoicism to discuss the different moral and ethic viewpoints of Danton and Robespierre. Secondly, I will employ Foucault's idea of ethics to explain why Robespierre's narrow minded assertion about morality and ideology results in serious ethical and moral problems in the play as well as in the historical backgrounds. Then I would shift the focus to Lacan's theory of ethics and continue to discuss why Robespierre failed to achieve his dream of fulfilling the requirement of virtues for his fatherland. Lacan's theory would help us to understand the subject of ethics means a subject free to desire for desires rather than the subject controlled and dominated by ideological ideas—like the figure Robespierre who always obsessed with ideas of freedom, justice and other virtues. Last but not least, from Žižek's further study of Lacan's theory of big Other, one can easily realize how these revolutionary ideas—freedom, equality and fraternity—function as the ideological big Other that dominate, control and persecute people's mind rather than save them from unfreedom, injustice and poverty. Through these researches on this thesis, one can unravel the myth of the problematic term ethics as well as understand the inevitable result in this play. That is, to learn a lesson and understand how the making of a revolution for ideals is transformed into a hell for persecution and killing—a historical play that is replayed and rehearsed repeatedly from hundred of years ago to the present.
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所



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