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|標題:||The value of Tc-99m (V) dimercaptosuccinic acid in detecting intra-abdominal infection: compared with gallium scan|
|期刊/報告no：:||Annals of Nuclear Medicine, Volume 21, Issue 5, Page(s) 285-291.|
|摘要:||Objective Gallium-67 (Ga-67) and labeled leukocytes are useful in the detection of an unknown infectious source. However, the delay in the diagnosis of a Ga-67 citrate scan (gallium scan) and the complicated labeling technique of a leukocyte scan are major drawbacks to their clinical use. Recently, Tc-99m (V) dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been found to be very useful in the detection of infection. Tc-99m (V) DMSA is inexpensive, easy to prepare. and provides a result within hours. In this study. we evaluated the potential of Tc-99m (V) DMSA scan (DMSA scan) in the detection of intra-abdominal infection. Methods A total of 33 patients who suffered from an unknown cause of fever after colorectal surgery were enrolled in this study. All patients received both a gallium scan and a DMSA scan. DMSA scintigraphy was performed 3-4 h after an injection of 740 MBq (20 m Ci) of Tc-99m DMSA. After completion of the DMSA image, 111 M Bq (3 mCi) of Ga-67 citrate was injected intravenously. Gallium scintigraphy was performed after 24 h and later as needed. Results Of the 33 patients, 17 (51.5%) were diagnosed with intra-abdominal abscesses. For DMSA scans, the sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy were 88.2%, 93.7%, and 90.9%, respectively. For gallium scans, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 100%, 87.5%, and 93.9%, respectively. No statistical difference was found in the diagnostic accuracy between these two diagnostic modalities using Fisher's exact test. Conclusions DMSA scan is a useful alternative to gallium scan in the detection of intra-abdominal infection in patients with colorectal surgery because Tc-99m DMSA is inexpensive, easy to prepare, and most importantly the result can be obtained within hours.|
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